The state of the United States (or US state) is called each of the 50 subnational entities of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government (four states use the official title of commonwealth instead of state). Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen of both the federal entity and the state in which he has his domicile. However, state citizenship is very flexible, and does not require any government approval to move or move between states (except convicted probation). The Constitution of the United States assigns power between the two levels of government in general terms. By ratifying the Constitution, each state transfers certain sovereign powers to the federal government. According to the Tenth Amendment, all powers not explicitly transferred are retained by states and citizens. Historically, the tasks of public education, public health, transportation and other infrastructures have been considered primarily state responsibilities, although all have both a regulation and significant federal funding. On several occasions the American Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general trend has been towards centralization, with the federal government playing a much larger role each time this happened. There is a persistent debate about the "rights of the states", which concerns the degree and nature of the powers and sovereignty of the states in relation to the federal government, and their power over the individuals.
Iowa is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Midwest Region of the country. 92% of the state's population is white, and the largest ethnic group in Iowa are the Germans, who make up 35.7% of the state's population. Its main sources of income are manufacturing, agriculture and tourism. It is the largest producer of soy and ethanol in the United States, and has the largest pig herd in the country. The name of the state comes from the Native American people of Iowa who inhabited the region. The first Europeans to explore the region that currently constitutes the US state of Iowa were the French Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673, who described the region as green and fertile. The first white settlers settled in the region in June 1833. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state of the Union.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Mid-Atlantic region. It is the second smallest state in territorial extension, just behind Rhode Island. Delaware is also the sixth least populated state in the country, only South Dakota, Alaska, North Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming have fewer inhabitants. Despite its small extension, Delaware is a large financial center. More than 200 thousand companies are based in the state. This happens thanks to the state laws that grant tax benefits to companies that decide to install their headquarters in the state, attracting even many who operate mainly outside it. This fact gave the state the nickname of The Land of Free-Tax Shopping. Therefore, Delaware is also one of the largest banking centers in the United States. It also has a strong petrochemical industry. Delaware was initially colonized by the Dutch and by the Swedes. It was also one of the Thirteen Colonies of the United Kingdom. After the War of Independence of the United States, Delaware was the first American state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, on December 7, 1787. Therefore, the state is known nationally as The First State. The name of the state comes from the Delaware River, because it is located at the margins of this river and its estuary, the Delaware Bay. The origin of the name Delaware, on the other hand, comes from Thomas West Third, Baron de La Warr, who was governor of Virginia between 1610 and 1618.
North Dakota (in English, North Dakota) is one of the states that make up the United States of America. North Dakota is located in the north of the country next to the Canadian border, being the northernmost state within the Great Plains. North Dakota became the state of the union in 1889, having previously belonged to the Dakota territory. The state capital is Bismarck and the largest city is Fargo. The major public universities are located in Grand Forks, Fargo and Dickinson. The American air force has air bases in Minot and Grand Forks.
Kansas is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Midwest (Midwest) region of the country. The geographic center of the 48 contiguous United States - that is, without Alaska and Hawaii - is located in the northern region of Kansas, in Smith County. The geodesic center of North America is also located in Kansas, in the county of Osborne. This center is used as a point of reference for all maps made by the government of the United States. Kansas is one of the national leaders of the agricultural industry. The state is the largest producer of wheat in the country, which makes it known as Wheat State (State of Wheat) and Breadbasket of America (Panera de America, or Barn of America). Kansas also has one of the largest herds of cattle in the country. Agriculture and livestock were for a large part of Kansas history their main source of income. Dodge City is considered by many to be the "Cowboys Capital of the World". Kansas also has a strong mining industry, and is a national leader in the production of oil and natural gas. Currently, the main sources of income of the state are commerce and industry. During the decade of 1850, with the Law of Kansas-Nebraska, great number of abolicionistas and defenders of the slave work settled in Kansas. Many clashes between abolitionist militias and slave owners took place in Kansas, as well as in the neighboring state of Missouri (where slave labor was allowed). These conflicts were so violent that Kansas was nicknamed Bleeding Kansas in the 1850s. Another name for Kansas, which has its origins in this conflict, is Jayhawker State. Jayhawker is like a common act of the abolitionists, of invading slave farms in Missouri, looting haciendas and freeing slaves. On January 29, 1861, Kansas became the 34th US state. Kansas's best-known nickname is The Sunflower State. Sunflowers cover much of the vast plains of the state. The name Kansas has its origin in the Amerindian tribe Kansa, who lived in the region until the eighteenth century. Kansa means "town of the southern winds".
West Virginia (in English: West Virginia) is one of the states that conform the United States of America, located in the South region, in the Appalachian zone. West Virginia separated from Virginia during the American Civil War in 1863, and was admitted to the Union as a separate state on June 20, 1863. It is the only state formed as a direct result of the American Civil War, and the only one formed of the secession of one of the Confederate States. West Virginia is known for its mountains, for its coal mining and for its forestry industry. It is also known for its beautiful natural landscapes and as a tourist destination for people interested in outdoor activities such as skiing, rafting, climbing, fishing, hiking and hunting. West Virginia is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Ohio to the north and west, Kentucky to the west, Maryland to the north and east, and Virginia to the east and south. The Ohio and Potomac rivers are part of the state's boundaries.
Oklahoma (pronounced / oʊkləhoʊmə / in English) is a state in the center-south of the United States of America. With an estimated population of 3,579,212 inhabitants in 2006 and an area of 181,035 km², it is informally known as The Sooner State (this was because in 1889 Indian territory was opened to settlers. border and, when the signal was given, they ran with their carriages through the territory to reclaim their lands, awarded to those who first arrived, which is why they became known as Sooners, Early in English). Oklahoma became the forty-sixth state to enter the Union on November 16, 1907, from the Indian Territory. The capital and the largest city in the state is Oklahoma City. It has 77 counties. Oklahoma is a major producer of natural gas, oil and various foods. Oklahoma's economy is based on aviation, energy, telecommunications and biotechnology. It is one of the fastest growing economies in the US. UU., The third state in the classification of income per capita and the leader in growth of the gross national product. Oklahoma City and Tulsa are the main drivers of the State's economy, since they concentrate almost 60% of the population of the same in their metropolitan areas. The state of Oklahoma has important competencies in the administration of education and health. In addition, its largest universities participate in NCAA and NAIA sports competitions, while two of its athletic clubs are among the most successful in the United States. With small mountain ranges, meadows, and forests to the west, most of Oklahoma lies between the Great Plains of the United States and the Highlands, a region especially prone to adverse weather conditions. In Oklahoma, Germans, Irish, British and descendants of Native Americans predominate. More than 25 indigenous languages of America are spoken in Oklahoma, more than in any other state. It is located at the confluence of three major cultural regions of the United States and historically served as a route for the transport of cattle, a destination for the settlers of the south, and a territory for Native Americans. It is part of the Bible Belt, where evangelical Christianity is widespread, which makes it one of the most politically conservative states, although the Democratic Party is usually the most voted.
Mississippi or Mississippi (in English: Mississippi) is one of the 50 States of the United States of America, located in the South Region of the country, to the east of Arkansas and of Louisiana, to the south of Tennessee and the west of Alabama. It owes its name to the Mississippi River, which runs along its western border. Mississippi has historically been a state dominated by farms and small towns, and dependent on agriculture and livestock. Currently, however, the state has a relatively diversified economy, with a manufacturing industry and growing tourism. Mississippi is considered the poorest state in the United States, with relatively high rates of unemployment and poverty, and the lowest per capita income in the country. The name Mississippi comes from a word from the Ojibwa language, which means "great waters" or "father of the waters". Some nicknames of Mississippi are State of Magnolia and State of hospitality. Mississippi was initially colonized by the Spanish, but annexed by the United Kingdom under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. With the independence of the Thirteen Colonies, the Mississippi region became part of the newly created United States of America. The Mississippi Territory was created in 1798, and, like the present Mississippi, was elevated to the status of a State on December 10, 1817. Mississippi prospered economically, and for decades was one of the richest states in the country. Mississippi separated from the United States in 1861, joining the Confederate States of America, being one of the states most affected by the American Civil War. The civil war, however, did not end with the latifundian economy or with the grip of both the African-American population and the vast majority of whites without land. This, despite a sustained program of works and subsidies by the nation, prevented the proper development of socioeconomic conditions until after 1960 and its socio-economic effects can still be seen in the state until today.
New Mexico (pronounced / 'nweβo' mexiko / in Spanish) is a state in the southwestern United States of America. Limita to the north with the state of Colorado, to the northeast with the state of Oklahoma, to the east and southeast with the state of Texas, to the southwest with the states of Chihuahua and Sonora (Mexico), to the west with the state of Arizona and to the northwest with the state of Utah, being one of the so-called "States of the Four Corners". Inhabited for centuries by Native Americans, following the arrival of Europeans, it has been part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, Mexico and the United States. New Mexico was not a full member of the Union until 1912, the year of its declaration as a state and the approval of its constitution, peculiar due to the respect it offers towards the languages of its native inhabitants and the educational system. The elements of its history and its geography make this state today a mixture different from the rest of the United States. The landscape and climate, the traditional architecture (now revalued) of adobe, family traditions, cuisine and other cultural manifestations, have attracted artists, writers, intellectuals and hippies over the past decades who have been contributing even more to this state rich in culture and history; but not in vain, it is also one of the poorest states in the country with a majority internal migration to the states of California and Texas
Maryland is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the northeast region of the country. Maryland received its name in tribute to Queen Henriette Maria of France, wife of King Charles I of England (Maryland in English means "Land of Mary"). Maryland was one of the Thirteen Colonies that rebelled against British rule in the region. The nickname of the state is Old Line State, in tribute to its "troops of linea" (troops of the line), that were several times praised by George Washington by its excellent performance in the War of Independence of the United States. The current US anthem, The Star-Spangled Banner, was written by Francis Scott Key, a lawyer and amateur poet who was inspired to see American troops successfully defending an attack by naval troops from the United Kingdom (at the time, the greatest military power in the world) against Baltimore, in the Anglo-American War of 1812.
South Carolina (in English, South Carolina) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the South region of the country. In spite of its small territorial extension, it is one of the national leaders of textile production and the second largest producer of tobacco in the United States, second only to North Carolina. The region that at the moment constitutes Carolina of the South was originally part of the English colony of Carolina, named in tribute to king Carlos II of England (in Latin Carlos is Carolus). In 1712, the colony of Carolina split into two: North Carolina and South Carolina. South Carolina was one of the Thirteen Colonies that rebelled against the British government in the War of Independence of the United States. South Carolina became the eighth US state on May 23, 1788. It was the first state to separate from the Union on December 20, 1860, after the election of Abraham Lincoln, to found the Confederate States of America. The American Civil War began in South Carolina on April 12, 1861, when Confederate troops invaded Fort Sumter. After the end of the war, the state would be re-admitted into the Union on June 25, 1868. The nickname of South Carolina, The Palmetto State, originated during the war for independence. Palmetto is an English word that in Spanish means palm tree. At the beginning of the revolution, British forces tried unsuccessfully to capture the Moultrie fort made of palm trees, abundant in the state. The next day, the commander of the fort, seeing a British warship on fire, commented that the smoke emitted by the burning ship resembled a palm tree.
New Hampshire (in English New Hampshire) is one of the states that conforms the United States of America. It is located in the New England region, in the northeast of the country, occupying the forty-sixth position of the fifty states by total area. In population, which in 2005 was approximately 1,309,000 inhabitants, the state is ranked 41st of the 50 states. Its capital is Concord and its most populous city is Manchester. It is known internationally for being the first state in which the primary elections for the presidency of the EE. UU These elections attract the attention of the public and of the political observers, since they are an indicator of the favor of the electors towards the candidates presented. The license plates of the vehicles have the motto of the state: "Live free or die". The nickname of the state is "The granite state" (The Granite State), because it refers to its geology and its traditional self-sufficiency. The state has other nicknames but is rarely used.2 Famous people related to the state were: Senator Daniel Webster, editor Horace Greeley, the founder of Christian Science Church Mary Baker Eddy, and comedian Adam Sandler. Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the USA UU., Was born here. The tourist attractions are varied, from skiing and other winter sports, to the observation of its spectacular autumnal landscapes in the woods, the cottages near the lakes, and the motor racing oval New Hampshire International Speedway, the most important from New England.
The state of Alabama, or simply Alabama, is a state of the United States of America, located in the southern region of the country, whose capital is the city of Montgomery. It limits to the north with Tennessee, to the east with Georgia, to the south with the Gulf of Mexico and Florida, and to the west with the state of Mississippi. In relation to the other states, Alabama ranks 30th in land area, and second in the size of its internal waterways. It is also in the 23rd place in population, reaching almost 4.6 million inhabitants in 2006. It receives the name of the Alabama River (which means 'cleaner of the thicket', in the language of the Choctaw Indians) , that crosses the state until emptying near Mobile. The largest city in the state is Birmingham.
Virginia (officially, and in English, Commonwealth of Virginia) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Atlantic coast of the South of the United States. It is named after Queen Elizabeth I of England, who, having never married, was known as "the virgin queen." The state is known by the nickname "Old Dominion" (Old Dominion) and sometimes by "Mother of Presidents", as the birthplace of eight American presidents (including four of the first five). The roots of modern Virginia date back to the founding of the Virginia Colony in 1607 by the Virginia Company of London. Agriculture, colonialism and slavery played significant roles in their economy and politics during the early stages. It was the first English colony in the New World and one of the thirteen colonies that would participate in the War of Independence, and later became the heart of the Confederation in the American Civil War. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond, while Virginia Beach is the most populous city and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. According to the 2010 United States Census, the population of the state was 8,001,024 inhabitants. Although traditionally conservative and historically part of the South, modern Virginia is a politically competitive state for the two main national political parties. Virginia has an economy with several important settlements, including the Pentagon of the Department of Defense and various federal agencies in the North of the state, military bases in Hampton Roads, as well as significant agricultural production. The so-called "Historic Triangle" includes the popular tourist destinations of the American history of Jamestown, Yorktown and the living museum of Colonial Williamsburg. The growth of the technology sector has made chips the main export of the state, with the industry based on the strength of its public schools and universities. Areas where the state needs improvement include health care and environmental protection.
The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations or simply Rhode Island is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is the smallest state on the surface and it is also the state with the longest official name. Rhode Island was the first of the original thirteen colonies to declare the independence of British rule, marking the beginning of the American Revolution. Later it was the last of the thirteen to ratify the Constitution of the United States. Although the majority of Rhode Island is part of the continent, its name makes some people believe that it is an island; sometimes confusing it with Long Island (New York), which is only about 100 miles southwest of Rhode Island across the Atlantic Ocean. Rhode Island is traditionally nicknamed Little Rhody, although it has officially adopted the nickname "The Ocean State" (The Ocean State).
Nebraska (officially, and in English language, State of Nebraska) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the region of the Great Plains, in the Midwest of the country. It is believed that its name derives from the chiwere Ñí Brásge or from the omaha Ní Btháska; both phrases mean "flat water" and refer to the Platte River, which crosses the state. Its capital is Lincoln, and its most populous city is Omaha. Nebraska is the only state whose legislature is unicameral and its senators are elected without having their party next to their name, which means that the majority or its entirety is elected without taking into account their political affiliation. The Nebraska legislature can veto decisions of the governor with three fifths of the legislature unlike most states that are two-thirds.
Kentucky (in English and officially: Commonwealth of Kentucky) is one of the 50 States of the United States, located in the Southeastern center of the country. Although the center of economic activity is the manufacture of industrialized products and tourism, much of the state is predominantly rural, with agriculture as the main source of income. Previously, it was believed that the origin of the name of the state came from an Amerindian word, meaning "dark and bloody hunting ground", because the native tribes that lived in the region hunted within the dense forests of the state, and because often these tribes fought with each other in these forests. However, it is currently believed that the word Kentucky can be attributed to numerous indigenous languages, with several possible meanings. Some of these meanings are "land of tomorrow", "land of cane and turkeys" and "prairie". The region where Kentucky is located today was originally colonized by settlers of the British colony of Pennsylvania in 1774, but became controlled by Virginia during the War of Independence of 1776, and became the fifteenth US state to join the Union , June 1, 1792. Kentucky is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources. It has the longest cave system in the world, the largest length of currents and navigable channels in the "continental United States" (without Alaska and Hawaii), the two largest artificial lakes east of the Mississippi River and the most productive coal deposit from the country. Kentucky is known worldwide for its purebred horses, horse racing (especially the Kentucky Derby), bourbon distilleries, bluegrass music, tobacco and its college basketball teams.
Idaho (AFI: /aɪ.də.hoʊ/ in English) is one of the fifty states of the United States, located in the northwest of the country. Its capital and most populated city is Boise. He was admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890, as the 43rd state. According to estimates from the United States Census Bureau, in 2006 Idaho had a population of 1,466,465 inhabitants.1 The postal abbreviation is " ID ", and its nickname of Gem State alludes to the abundance of natural resources in its territory. The state motto is the Latin phrase Perpetua This, translated into Spanish would be "That is perpetual." Southern Idaho, including the metropolitan area of Boise, Idaho Falls, Pocatello, and Twin Falls is in the Mountain time zone. The state north (passing the Salmon River), on the other hand, belongs to the Pacific time zone.
Montana is a state of the United States located in the Pacific Northwest regions and the Great Plains. The third center-west is crossed by mountains (approximately 77 named) of the mountainous chain of the Rockies; thus its name is explained, derived from the Spanish word "mountain". The nickname of the state is the "Treasure State". Other nicknames are "Land of Shining Mountains" (Land of Shining Mountains), "Country of the Great Sky" (Big Sky Country) and the slogan "The Last Best Place" (the last best place). In the ranking of states it appears fourth in terms of area, but only 44th in population, and, therefore, has the third lowest density in the United States. The economy is based mainly on agriculture and the extraction of wood and minerals. Tourism is also an important factor in its economy, with millions of visitors a year to the Glacier National Park, the site of the Battle of Little Big Horn and Yellowstone National Park.
Utah is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the west of the country. Utah is one of the most important transport and telecommunications centers of the western United States. Approximately 88% of the population of Utah lives in an urban concentration called Wasatch Front, with the capital and largest city of the state, Salt Lake City (Salt Lake City in Castilian), as a center. In contrast, vast stretches of the state are virtually uninhabited, making the population of Utah the sixth most urbanized in the United States.4 Salt Lake City is an important financial and commercial center of the American West. The manufacturing industry and high technology are also important sources of income for the state, as well as agriculture and livestock. Utah has a nationally renowned education and health system. Utah's main source of income, however, is tourism. Its natural beauties attract millions of tourists every year to the state. These attractions range from large chains of mountains conducive to skiing (in 2002 the Olympic Winter Games were held in Utah) and of rocks that, due to the erosion action, were excavated forming rocky "bridges", to the Great Lake Salado - the largest lake west of the Mississippi River, which is four times saltier than seawater. Much of the state has a desert appearance and climate. The state and its history are marked by the great presence of Mormons. Mormons are part of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Near 60% of the population of Utah are members of this religious association, whose headquarters are located in Salt Lake City. The Mormons settled initially in the region of the current state of Utah in 1847, and called the Deseret region-which means "honey bee," in the language of the Book of Mormon. The United States Congress created the Utah Territory in 1850 - naming the territory by the Amerindian tribe Ute, "mountain people," who lived in the region.5 On January 4, 1896, Utah became the 45th state of the nation. the United States.
Michigan (in English: Michigan) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Midwest Region of the country. Michigan is one of the national leaders of the manufacturing industry. The national capital of the automobile industry is located in the largest city in the state, Detroit. The state is the largest producer of cars and trucks in the United States. Michigan is also the second largest iron producer in the country. One of Michigan's best-known nicknames is The Great Lakes State - The Great Lakes State. In fact, Michigan borders four of the five North American Great Lakes. Its coastline is 5,292 kilometers long, and is one of the largest in the United States. No part of the state is located more than 137 kilometers from the Great Lakes coast. Michigan is divided into two distinct areas, the Upper Peninsula and the Lower Peninsula, connected by a single bridge eight kilometers long. Another nickname of Michigan is The Wolverine State (due to the fact that during the early days of the European colonization of the region, hunters and fur traders hunted and commercialized large quantities of glutton skins with indigenous people of the region. Its name comes from Lake Michigan, whose name is an adaptation to the French of the Mishigani term coming from the Ojibwe, whose meaning is "great lake" or "great water". Michigan was initially colonized by the French. The French colonization of the region however was limited. France ceded Michigan to the United Kingdom in 1764. In 1783, after the end of the War of Independence of the United States, Michigan became part of the United States, becoming part of the Northwest Territory in 1787, an independent territory in 1805 , and elevated to the status of the state on January 26, 1837, as the 26th US state to enter the Union.
Maine is one of the states that make up the United States and gets its name from the French province of Maine. It is located in the New England area, located in the northeastern United States; it limits to the north and the east with the Canadian province of New Brunswick, to the south with the Gulf of Maine, to the west with New Hampshire and to the northwest with the Canadian province of Quebec. Part of the northern border is defined by the Saint John and Saint Francis rivers, the Saint Croix river forms part of the southeast border, and the Salmon Falls river, the southwestern boundary. Its main cities are Augusta (the capital), Portland, Lewiston, Bangor, Auburn and South Portland. Maine, is together with Louisiana, one of the only states in the USA. with a strong tradition and French-speaking presence.
Vermont is one of the states that make up the United States of America, located in the area known as New England. Its name is pronounced, in Spanish and English, "ver-MÓNT", with an accent on the last syllable deriving from the French vert mont, which means 'green mountain'. Its capital is Montpelier, although the largest city is Burlington. It is famous for its landscape (especially in autumn), its dairy products and maple syrup, in addition to being known for its liberal politics and independent political thought and liberal (in the US "liberal" means "progressive") for the American parameters. After the exploration and colonization of North America, France reclaimed the territory now known as Vermont, originally inhabited by Native American tribes (Iroquois, Algonquins and Abenakis); but it passed into the hands of the British Crown after its defeat in the war that took place between 1754 and 1763. For many years, neighboring colonies - including New Hampshire - disputed control over the area. However, Vermont was independent until, after a period of fourteen years, it was integrated into the United States of America.
Georgia is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the South Region of the country. Georgia is the largest state in the country in surface east of the Mississippi River, since West Virginia separated from Virginia in 1863. Georgia's population growth is one of the highest in the country in recent times. Its population grew around 26% between 1990 and 2000, from 6,478,216 inhabitants in 1990 to 8,186,453 in 2000. Most of Georgia is covered by forests, mainly pines, peaches and magnolias. The terrain of the north of the state is fundamentally mountainous, with its southern area with a flatter and less rugged terrain. The natural aspects of Georgia were and still are very important for the state. Culturally, natural beauties inspired various artists who grew up in the state. Economically, they make tourism and the timber industry important sources of income for Georgia. The state is one of the national leaders in timber production. His forests gave him the nickname of The Peach State (The State of the Peach) and a popular saying, Tall as Georgia Pine (Tall as a Pine of Georgia). The region that is currently Georgia was in dispute during the late seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth century, between the United Kingdom and Spain. Georgia at the time was part of a colony called Carolinas, which also included the current states of North Carolina and South Carolina. In 1724, the British created the colony of Georgia. On February 12, 1733, the first British settlers settled in the region, in what is now Savannah. Georgia was the last of the Thirteen Colonies created by the British. Georgia prospered from the 1750s, with the cultivation of rice and corn, becoming a leader of the agricultural industry of the Thirteen Colonies. After the American victory in the War of the Independence of the United States, Georgia became the 2 of January of 1788 in the fourth American state. Georgia separated from the Union in 1861, and was part of the Confederate States of America. Georgia was one of the states hardest hit by the American Civil War (a stage in Georgian history that inspired the immortal novel Gone with the Wind). Until the beginning of the 20th century, the economy of the state depended on agriculture and livestock. Since then, manufacturing has become the main source of income for the state, and more recently the finance sector has also become one of its main sources of income.
North Carolina (North Carolina in English) is one of the states that make up the United States of America. It was the home of the first British colony in America and one of the Thirteen British Secessionist Colonies. It is located in the South region and limits to the west with Tennessee, to the south with South Carolina, to the southwest with Georgia, to the north with Virginia and to the east with the Atlantic Ocean. The name of the state was chosen by King Charles II of England, in honor of his father King Charles I. North Carolina has 3 metropolitan areas whose populations exceed one million inhabitants. According to the 2010 United States Census, its population was 9,535,483 inhabitants, 18.46% more than in the 2000 census. It is the third most populated state in the southeast of the country, behind Florida and from Georgia. Due to the variety of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 2,000 meters in the mountains, North Carolina has one of the most varied climates of the southeastern states of the nation. The climate on the coast and central North Carolina is similar to the climate of Georgia and South Carolina, while the climate in the western mountains is similar to that of New England. Thus, the state's climate varies from a warm, humid subtropical climate near the coast, to a humid continental climate in the mountains.
Illinois (pronounced in English [ˌɪ.lɨnɔɪ]) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Midwest region. With its 12,419,293 inhabitants, it is the most populated state in the Midwest, and the fifth most populated in the country. About 65% of the state's population lives in the Chicago metropolitan area, one of the largest industrial and financial centers in the world, the second largest industrial center in the country - just behind Los Angeles - and the second largest financial center of the United States -only behind New York-. The state capital is Springfield. Even though Illinois has a highly diversified economy, being one of the main financial centers of the United States, and a highly industrialized state, since the 2008-2010 economic crisis the State is in technical bankruptcy with a debt of over of 5,000 million dollars and without paying the basic services payments. Geographically, Illinois is characterized by its uneven terrain in general, and by its unstable climate. Agriculture is an important source of income for Illinois. Tourism and the provision of transport and telecommunications services are other important revenue sources in the state. Chicago is one of the most dynamic railway and airport centers in the United States. Illinois is known for its large and diverse population and its balance between rural areas, small industrial cities, large suburbs and a large metropolitan area, that of Chicago. Its diverse economy and central position has made it an important transport hub for 150 years. It is this mixture of factories and farms, of urban and rural areas, that makes Illinois a microcosm within the nation. The nickname of Illinois is The Prairie State, which means "The State of the Prairie." Another nickname is that of The Land of Lincoln; Many of the inhabitants of the state take pride in the fact that US President Abraham Lincoln spent most of his life in the state. He is currently buried in Springfield. The first Europeans to explore the region of present-day Illinois were French missionaries. This region was part of New France until 1763, when it became British. In 1783, after the end of the War of the American Independence of 1776, it passed to the United States, then forming part of the Northwest Territory. On February 3, 1809, the Illinois Territory was created. On December 3, 1818, Illinois became the 21st state of the United States.
Arkansas [ɑɹkənsɔː] is a state of the center-southeast (South region) of the United States of America, with capital in the city of Little Rock. It borders the Mississippi River, and the states of Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi. The name of the state derives from the word kansas (the term used by the Algonquin Indians to designate the Quapaw Indians), as the French pronounced it in the seventeenth century.
Indiana (pronounced [ˌɪndɪænə]) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Midwest (Midwest) region of the country, whose capital is Indianapolis. It is the 15th state in population, with about 6.3 million inhabitants, and 38º in size, which places it in the 17th position in population density. After Hawaii, Indiana is the smallest state in the United States located west of the Appalachians. It is bordered on the north by the lake and the state of Michigan, on the south by Kentucky, on the east by Ohio, and by Illinois on the west. Indiana is covered for the most part by plains. Much of the state has a little rugged terrain and a fertile soil, which stimulated the practice of agriculture in the region. Currently, Indiana is a large producer of wheat and corn in the United States. The word Indiana means "lands of the Indians." The nickname of Indiana is The Hoosier State (the inhabitants of the State are nationally known as Hoosiers). The origin of this nickname is unknown, and there are various theories about its origin. One of them is that the word Hoosier comes from Samuel Hoosier, a businessman who had the habit of hiring employees from Indiana. Other theories attribute the origin of the word to a local jargon, possibly "husher" or "hoozer". At first, Indiana was part of the French colony of New France. In 1763, the region came under British control. After the end of the War of Independence 1776, the current Indiana passed into the hands of the Americans, initially as part of the Northwest Territory, and later as their own territory. On December 11, 1816, the Indiana Territory was elevated to the status of State, after which it became the No. 19 of the United States. Its strategic location gave it great importance throughout the 19th century, during the movement of the expansion towards the west, towards the Pacific coast, for which it adopted the official motto The Crossroads of America (The crossroads of America ).
Missouri (in English: Missouri), is a state located in the Midwest of the United States with Jefferson City as its capital. It limits to the north with Iowa; to the east, bordering the Mississippi River, with Illinois, Kentucky, and Tennessee; to the south with Arkansas; and to the west with Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska (both bordering the Missouri River). The nickname of the state is the Door to the West, or the State Show Me (Show-me State), in reference to an expression of a political representative of the state. The abbreviation of the United States Postal Service for Missouri is MO and the main branch of the public state university is located in Columbia. The Missouri and the Mississippi are the two main rivers that flow through this state. It receives its name from the Algonquian tribe of the missouris, which means 'the town of big canoes'. The USS Missouri warships were named in honor of this state. On the cover of the USS Missouri (BB-63) the surrender of Japan was signed at the end of World War II.
Connecticut is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the New England Region. It is the third smallest state in territorial extension of the EE. Only Delaware and Rhode Island are minor. However, with its 3,405,565 inhabitants it is the fourth most densely populated state in the country. Its main source of income is the provision of financial and real estate services. The state capital, Hartford, is known nationally as Insurance City, because of the large number of insurance companies that are located in the city. It was one of the Thirteen Colonies originally colonized by the United Kingdom. The Connecticut Colony was the first subdivision located in what is now the United States of America to have a written Constitution, called Fundamental Orders, or First Orders, adopted on January 14, 1639. This Constitution would serve as the basis for the formation of the US Constitution. Connecticut officials played an essential role in the approval of the "Great Compromise" made in the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which gave the United States Congress its current form. Because of these events, the state is nicknamed The Constitutional State, and the Great Compromise of 1787 became known nationally as the Connecticut Commitment. On January 9, 1788, it became the fifth state in the United States. The origin of the name "Connecticut" comes from the Indian word Quinnehtujqut, which means "Place of the Long River". The first Europeans to settle permanently in the region were English Puritans, who came from Massachusetts, in 1633. The Nutmeg State is another popular nickname and the inhabitants of this state are known nationally as a "nutmegger".
Wisconsin is one of the states that make up the United States of America, located in the Midwest (Midwest) region of the country. It borders on the south with Illinois, on the west with Iowa and Minnesota, on the north with Lake Superior and the northern peninsula of the state of Michigan, and on the east with Lake Michigan. The capital of Wisconsin is Madison, the most populated city is Milwaukee and the postal abbreviation for the state is WI.
South Dakota (officially, and in English, State of South Dakota) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America. The name of the state comes from the Amerindian Lakota and Dakota (Sioux) tribes. Located in the Midwest region of the country, most of South Dakota is located in the geographical area of the Great American Plains, therefore, most of its geography is characterized by being a relatively uneven terrain, relatively flat. South Dakota is divided by the Missouri River, which separates the state into two socially and economically distinct moieties, known to residents as "East River" and "West River." Agriculture has historically been its main source of wealth. The state is one of the national leaders in the production of wheat. South Dakota also has one of the largest cattle cabins in the country. Dominated by an economy based on agriculture, South Dakota has sought to diversify its economy to attract and maintain its residents. The state, however, remains largely rural, with one of the lowest population densities in the United States. In the southwest portion of the state, the Colinas Negras (Black Hills) mountains stand out. It is a region of great religious importance for the local Amerindians, as well as a major tourist attraction, because the Black Hills contains the famous Mount Rushmore, where the busts of four United States Presidents are sculpted. This huge sculpture is one of the best known tourist attractions in the world, and gives the state the nickname of The Mount Rushmore State. The region that is currently South Dakota was one of the last areas of the continental United States to be explored and settled by the Americans. In 1858, the US government would create the Dakota Territory (a territory that included what currently forms the states of North Dakota and South Dakota, until then part of the Minnesota Territory). The Dakota Territory was sparsely populated until the 19th century, when the first rail lines were built throughout the Dakota Territory, thus encouraging the practice of agriculture in the region. Initially, only a few large landowners dominated the economy of the territory. However, the success of these latifundistas and the railroads attracted thousands of people to the region. On November 2, 1889, the Dakota Territory was divided into the present North Dakota and South Dakota, and both were elevated to the status of states, joining the Union.
Wyoming is one of the states of the United States. It is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado and Utah, and on the west by Utah, Idaho and Montana. The most important cities are Cheyenne (the capital), Casper, Laramie, Rock Springs and Gillette. The US census indicates that it is the least populated state, estimating that there are about 515,004 inhabitants (in 2006), with a population increase of 4.3% since 2000. Its territory occupies an area of 253,337 km², which for comparative purposes corresponds to to half of that of Spain.
Ohio is one of the fifty states of the United States, located in the Great Lakes Region and one of its main industrial centers. Located in the Midwest of the United States (the most industrialized region of the country), Ohio has the industry as its main source of income. Other important sources of income are finance, coal mining (which helped make Ohio one of the main industrial powers of the country), agriculture and tourism. The rapid industrialization of the state made several native people of the state stand out for their inventions and for their pioneering. Thomas Edison was born in Ohio and the Wright Brothers (known worldwide for being the first to fly on a plane, although not without controversy) also grew up here. Another world-famous Ohio native is Neil Armstrong, the first person to step on the Moon. According to data from the 2000 census, 11,353,140 inhabitants lived in Ohio, spread over an area of 116,096 km².
Minnesota (pronounced: [ˌmɪnəsoʊɾə]) is a state of the United States, located in the Midwest region. It is the twelfth (12th) largest state in the United States. UU., With an area of 225.365 km². The state of Minnesota was constituted from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory, and was the 32nd state to be admitted to the Union, in 1858. Its population, of more than five million inhabitants, descends primarily from Western European emigrants . The main racial minorities are African-Americans, Asians, Hispanics, Native American descendants, the original inhabitants, and the recent communities of Somali and Hmong immigrants. Just over half of Minnesota's entire population is concentrated in the Twin Cities metropolitan area, the state transportation, business and industrial center, and home to an internationally recognized arts community. The rest of the state, known as Greater Minnesota (Greater Minnesota), consists of vast meadows dedicated to intensive agriculture to the west, deciduous forests to the east, and the less populated boreal forest to the north. The state is also known by its nickname, the "Land of the 10,000 lakes." Such lakes, along with the other water courses and their numerous national parks and forests offer residents and tourists a vigorous outdoor lifestyle. Its extreme climate contrasts with the moderation of the inhabitants of Minnesota. The state is known for its moderate to progressive policy, for its social policies and for its high civic participation in political issues. It is among the healthiest states, and has one of the most educated and literate populations.
Louisiana (in English Louisiana, French Louisiane) is one of the states that make up the United States located in the southern region of the country, on the Mississippi River delta. The state borders on the west with the state of Texas, on the north with Arkansas, on the east with Mississippi and on the south with the Gulf of Mexico. Louisiana has a particular culture due to French colonization and, to a lesser extent, to Spanish colonization. The most spoken languages are now English and Spanish. As for the dialect of the French known as Cajun (voice derived from the adjective acadien, which designated the inhabitants from the Acadian francocanadiense colony), this has been reduced today to 5% of speakers. Worse luck has touched the Spanish vestigial, brought in the eighteenth century by Canarian and Andalusian emigrants, which is today virtually disappeared. The Spanish, nevertheless, grows ceaselessly in number of speakers, due to the Mexican and Central American emigration, especially in the city of New Orleans. Its capital is Baton Rouge, but the most important city is New Orleans. Other cities are Lafayette and Shreveport.
Arizona (pronounced / aɾi'θona / o / aɾi'sona / in Spanish and [ɛrɪzoʊnə] (? · I) or [ærɪzoʊnə] in English) is one of the 50 states that make up the United States of America, located in the southwest from the country. It is well known for its desert landscape, its cactus and the cosmopolitan city of Phoenix. Much of Arizona has an arid or semi-arid climate. These regions receive less than 40 centimeters of rain per year, being very hot in summer and mild in winter. However, the mountainous regions of higher altitude have a more humid and cold climate. The majority of the state is sparsely populated: most of Arizona's population is concentrated in two urban centers: Phoenix, the fastest growing city in the United States, the largest city and capital of the state, and Tucson. Arizona is one of the so-called "States of the Four Corners." Bordered by New Mexico, Utah, Nevada and California, it touches Colorado, and has an international border of 626 km in length with the states of Sonora and Baja California in Mexico. Arizona's nickname is "the Grand Canyon State," because the north of the state is home to one of the best-known natural tourist attractions in the United States and the world, the Grand Canyon. Another nickname of Arizona is "the state of Cobre", which is because it has large copper deposits, and was already the largest national producer of this mineral. To this day, copper mining is an important source of income for Arizona. Thousands of years before the arrival of the first Europeans, indigenous peoples lived in the region where Arizona is currently located. Today there is still an important population: it is estimated that some 280,000 indigenous people live in Arizona, spread across the numerous Indian reservations of the state. At first, Arizona was colonized by Spain, passing to Mexican control in 1821, when Mexico became independent from Spain. In 1848, with the end of the US intervention in Mexico, most of Arizona (north of the Gila River) became US hands. President Santa Anna of Mexico sold the southern part of the State at the Venta de La Mesilla in 1853. On February 14, 1912, Arizona became the last US territory within the 48 contiguous states (ie those of the continent, except Alaska) in acquiring the status of state. Currently Arizona is at the center of the controversy since May 2010 approved the Arizona SB1070.5, the broadest and strictest law against illegal immigration in recent decades. This law has received national and international attention and has caused considerable controversy. Important representatives of the Government of the United States of America have described it as "a violation of civil rights", "a type of apartheid" and have affirmed that "its application may force a differentiation based on ethnic reasons"
Tennessee is a state in the southern region of the United States. It has a population of 6,214,888 inhabitants, making it the seventeenth state with the largest population and the thirty-sixth in size with 42,169 km². Tennessee is bordered by Kentucky and Virginia in the north and North Carolina in the east, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi in the south, and Arkansas with Missouri in the west. The Appalachians cross the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms the western boundary. The capital of Tennessee and the second largest state is Nashville, which has a population of 626,144. Memphis is the largest city with a population of 670,902 inhabitants. Nashville has the largest metropolitan area in the state with 1,521,437 inhabitants. Tennessee has played a fundamental role in the development of rock and roll and blues music. Beale Street in Memphis and considered by many to be the birthplace of blues, with musicians such as WC Handy who began their career playing in local clubs in early 1909. Memphis was also the birthplace of Sun Records, where musicians like Elvis Presley , Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Roy Orbison, and Charlie Rich began their careers and where rock took shape in the early 1950s. The 1927 recording sessions in Bristol marked the beginning of country music, and the emergence of Grand Ole Opry in the 1930s helped make Nashville the center of the country music record industry.
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts (in English, Commonwealth of Massachusetts) is a State of the United States. It is located in the northeast of the country. It limits to the North with the states of New Hampshire and Vermont, to the East with the Atlantic Ocean, to the South with the States of Connecticut and Rhode Island, and to the West with the State of New York. Ethnicities: 81.9% white, 6.8% Hispanic, 5.4% black, 3.8% Asian, 0.2% Amerindian, 2.3% mestizo. Its name comes from a local indigenous voice that means "place of the great mountain" and historically was part of the 13 original colonies that rebelled against the United Kingdom in the War of Independence of the United States. The state capital is the city of Boston, its governor Deval Patrick (2007), and its members of the Senate are Scott Brown and John Kerry. The state is internationally famous for the quality of its universities, including Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston College, Boston University, Northeastern University, Tufts University or Suffolk University, and for its liberal art colleges, among which are Amherst College, Williams College and Clark University. It is also known for summer resorts with natural endowments and tourist endowments. This quality is not exclusive to your famous Cape Cod, but to many other places in New England. In 2004, the State Supreme Court decided that denying the right to marriage to homosexual couples contributed to sexual discrimination and was illegal. Ten years ago Massachusetts had the highest tax rate of all of the United States, the state earned the nickname of Taxachussetts (tax in English means tax). Today, however, most US states have a higher tax rate than Massachusetts. Counties: Barnstable, Berkshire, Bristol, Dukes, Essex, Franklin, Hampden, Hampshire, Middlesex, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk and Worcester.
The commonwealth of Pennsylvania (in English Commonwealth of Pennsylvania), is a state of the United States of America. It has given its name to the Pensilvanic period in geology. It is also known as "the Keystone State" ("the cornerstone state"). Although the Swedes and the Dutch were the first European settlers, King Charles II of England granted the territory to the English Quaker William Penn in 1681. The origin of the name "Pennsylvania" was created from the surname Penn and from Sylvania, (from medieval Latin, derived from the Latin silva, 'forest, forest' and the Greek ia, 'country') due to the luxuriance of its forests. The Pennsylvania expression means 'the country of the forests of Penn', and was given in honor of his father. It is located in the Northeast region, Mid-Atlantic division. The two most important cities of the state are: Philadelphia, place of important events during the Revolution and a prosperous metropolitan area in modern times. Pittsburgh, an inland port located on the banks of three rivers. Pennsylvania is one of the nation's historic states. Philadelphia is often called the "hairpin" of the American nation. It was here where the country's founders drew up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. It limits to the north with the state of New York, to the south with Maryland and West Virginia, to the west with Ohio, to the east with New Jersey and to the northwest with the Lake Erie. The Pocono Mountains and the Delaware River provide popular recreational activities. The region of the so-called "Pennsylvania Dutch" ("Dutch of Pennsylvania"), in the center-south of the state, is another favorite place for tourists. Actually, they are not Dutch, but of German origin. Formed by various groups, including religious such as the Amish and Mennonites, they are known as "the plain people", who live without technology or modern comforts. They are called dutch because of the confusion between the German word deutsch, which means 'German', with the English word dutch, meaning 'Dutch'. The USS Pennsylvania ships were named in honor of this state.
Oregon (Oregon in English) is one of the states that make up the United States of America, located in the northwest, on the Pacific coast. It is south of Washington, west of Idaho and north of California and Nevada. The Columbia and Snake rivers make up most of their borders to the north and east, respectively. The Willamette River valley in western Oregon is the most densely populated region and in which agriculture is most productive. Oregon has one of the most diverse landscapes in the United States. It is known for its tall, dense forests that cover a third of the north of the state and half of the south. It is also known for its accessible and beautiful coastline, as well as for its rugged volcanoes with glaciers in the Cascadas mountain range. Other areas include plains and deserts that cover approximately half of the state in the east and north central, and less dense pine forests in the northeast. The population of Oregon in 2010 was about 3,831,074 inhabitants, with an increase of 12% over the figure of 2000.
New Jersey (in English New Jersey) is one of the 50 States of the United States, located in the regions Mid-Atlantic and Northeast of the country. It limits to the north with New York, to the east with the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest with Delaware and to the west with Pennsylvania.
Colorado (pronounced [kolo'ɾaðo] in Spanish) is a state west of the United States of America. It is known for having the highest peaks of the Rocky Mountains, which dominate the western part of the state, since the eastern consists of large plains. The capital of the state, as well as the largest city, is Denver, whose metropolitan area concentrates more than half of the state's population (2.3 million inhabitants, out of a total of 4.3 million). The state has taken its name from the Colorado River, the name that the Spanish colonizers gave the river. The United States Postal Office uses CO as an abbreviation for this state. The USS Colorado vessel received this name in honor of Colorado.
Nevada (pronounced [ne'βaða] in Spanish) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the west of the country. Its capital is Carson City, although its largest city is Las Vegas. It is known for its casinos and for the legalization of the game. Nevada has the highest population growth rates in the entire United States, largely due to the large immigration of Mexicans. The demographic growth of the state between 1990 and 2000 was enormous, at 66.3%. However, most of Nevada is almost depopulated. The majority of the state's population is concentrated in the urban centers of Las Vegas and Carson City-Reno. The first European explorers to explore the Nevada area were the Spaniards. These were the ones that gave it the name of Nevada, because of the snow that covered the mountains in winter. Nevada was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain until 1821, date of the independence of Mexico, becoming part of Mexico. In 1848, with the end of the US intervention in Mexico, Nevada becomes part of the United States. On October 31, 1864, it was elevated to the status of the United States, at the height of the Civil War. This has earned him the nickname of The Battle-Born State (the state born in battle). During the decade of 1870 great deposits of silver were found in Nevada, which earned him the nickname of The Silver State. Currently, mining still has some importance in the Nevada economy, although much less than in the past. Besides silver, it is a great producer of gold, oil and sand. However, at present the main source of income is tourism. Nevada is famous for its casinos, which are concentrated in Las Vegas and Reno.
Alaska is a state of the United States (on January 3, 1959 it becomes the 49th state), located in the northwest corner of North America, with capital in Juneau. It was the penultimate to join the United States, replacing Texas as the nation's largest state. It is surrounded by the Arctic and Pacific Oceans, shares the border with Canada, and is separated from Russia by the Bering Strait. Alaska is named after the Aleutian word alyeska or alaxsxaq, which means "great land", or, more literally, "the object against which the action of the sea is directed". The Alaska flag represents, on a blue background, the stars that make up the constellation Ursa Major and, in the upper right corner, the Pole Star. During the first decades of the 20th century, the United States tried to improve communications (especially to connect Alaska with the rest of the United States by rail), and to promote the colonization of the Matanuska Valley. However, the Second World War and the naval battles in the Aleutian Islands with Japan changed the course of US policy. in the affairs of Alaska. Thus, in 1942, a communication highway (the Alcan Highway) was built in months to guarantee the defense of the Alaska Territory, while establishing new military bases (for example, radars) and civil settlements were promoted. The end of the world war and the beginning of the Cold War accelerated the need to integrate this territory into the Union. In 1959, Alaska was finally accepted as the 49th state of the United States of America. The discovery of very important oil fields has allowed enormous economic growth in Alaska during the last decades, despite geographical isolation and harsh living conditions. The greatest milestone in its development has been the construction, since 1974, of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, a 1,269-km pipeline linking Prudhoe Bay with the port of Valdez. But oil has also been the source of certain disasters, such as the accident in 1989 when the supertanker Exxon Valdez ran aground in the waters of Alaska and caused a black tide that has been described as one of the greatest ecological disasters in history, the disaster of the Exxon Valdez.
Washington (pronounced in English / wɒʃɪŋtən / (? · I)) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the Northwest region. It was named in honor of the leader of the US forces of the US War of Independence. UU of 1776 and first president of the United States, George Washington. The names of many cities and counties in the United States pay tribute to various American presidents, but the state of Washington is the only state to be named in honor of a US president. It should not be confused with the capital of the United States, Washington DC; therefore, in the United States, the state is usually called the state of Washington, and the national capital, DC (short for District of Columbia, District of Columbia in English). Washington has huge coniferous forests, which have earned it the nickname of Evergreen State (evergreen state, or evergreen state). These forests make Washington a leader in the American timber industry. Washington is cut by several rivers and dotted by several lakes, which creates a favorable ground for the installation of dams. Here is located the largest in the country, the Grand Coulee Dam, on the Columbia River. Washington's economy, however, focuses primarily on tourism and the aerospace industry. The largest aircraft manufacturer in the world, Boeing, is headquartered in Washington, as well as several of its factories. The first to explore Washington were the Spaniards. Subsequently, the British would settle in the region where the state of Washington is currently located. The region was originally part of a larger region called Oregon Country - a territory disputed between the Americans and the British between the 1810s and 1840s. In 1846, the Oregon Treaty states that all lands south of the 49th parallel of the Oregon Country they would pass to the control of the United States, with the exception of Vancouver Island. Until 1859, Washington was part of the territory of Oregon, created from the American part of the Oregon Country. In 1859, the territory of Washington was created, which was named in homage to George Washington. On November 11, 1889, Washington became the 42nd state of the United States.
Texas or Texas (AFI: [tɛk.səs] in English and [texas] in Spanish) is a state located in the South region of the United States. Both in extension and in population it is the second of the states of the United States; it covers 696,241 km² and has a population of 24.7 million, in constant increase. It borders to the south with the states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila and Chihuahua of Mexico, and with the US states of Louisiana to the east, with Oklahoma to the north, to the northeast with Arkansas, and to the west with New Mexico. The term "six Texas flags" comes from the multiple countries that have reclaimed the territory. Spain was the first European country that, in the area of the Mexican viceroyalty, owned the Texan territory. France claimed to have established a colony in Texas, which would be most ephemeral. As successor to the Spanish crown, Mexico was the legitimate owner of the territory until 1836, when a group of immigrants from the United States took up arms, unilaterally proclaiming an "independent Republic." This facilitated the subsequent annexation in 1845 by the United States as "state number 28". The US intervention in Mexico led to a war between Mexico and the United States in 1846, with a Mexican defeat. After that, Texas would be another of the states that joined the Confederate States of America, as a member. In the early 1900s, the discovery of oil wells initiated an economic boom in the state. Texas has diversified economically. It has a growing base in high technology, biomedical research and higher education. Its state GDP is the second highest in the United States. The capital of Texas is Austin, although the most populous city is Houston. The flower of the state is Texas lupine; The state bird is the mockingbird, the mascot is the armadillo and the typical food is chili con carne.
Hawaii (in English, Hawaiian, Hawai'i) is the most recent of the fifty states of the United States (since August 21, 1959). The state occupies most of the Hawaiian archipelago, the most northern group of islands in Polynesia, in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan and northeastern Australia. Hawaii has diverse natural scenarios, a warm tropical climate, a large number of public beaches and several active volcanoes that make it a very popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists or volcanologists. Due to its location in the middle of the Pacific, Hawaii presents diverse North American and Asian influences along with its native culture. The state has one million permanent residents in addition to occasional visitors and personnel of the US Navy. Its capital is Honolulu, it is the island of Oahu. The state covers almost the entire island chain of the Hawaiian archipelago, consisting of hundreds of islands spread over 2,400 km. At the southeast end of the group of islands are the eight main islands, which are, from northwest to southeast, Ni'ihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Maui and Hawaii. The latter is by far the largest, so it is often called "The Big Island" to avoid confusion with the place-name of the state as a whole. Geographically and ethnologically the archipelago is part of the Polynesian sub-region of Oceania. Hawaii is the eighth least extensive North American state, the eleventh least populous but the thirteenth most densely populated of the fifty in the nation. The Hawaiian coast is 1,210 km long, the fourth longest in the United States after Alaska, Florida and California.
Florida, also called Flórida (local Spanish speakers often pronounce it in a proparoxytone way: 'Flórida', as in English), is a state located in the southern region of the United States. Its capital is Tallahassee and the abbreviation for the state is Fla; the American postal abbreviation is FL.
California is a federated state of the United States located on the southwest coast of the country. It has a population of 38 million inhabitants and covers an area of 410,000 km². With these data, California is consolidated as the most populous state in the United States and the third largest (after Alaska and Texas). The zone was inhabited millenarian by Native Americans before the first European expeditions in the sixteenth century. The Spanish crown colonized the areas of the coast of the territory in 1769 before it became part of Mexico after the War of Independence of Mexico (1810-1821). California was part of Mexican territory until the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848. At the end of the war, and as a condition for peace, the Mexican Republic was forced to cede the territory to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Gold Rush in the period 1848-1849 caused an immigration of 90,000 Americans from the rest of the country. Finally, California became the 31st state of the United States in 1850. The economy of California is among the 10 most important economic powers in the world (about 1.55 billion dollars, 2004 data), which represents 13 % of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the United States, amounting to a total of 14 trillion dollars. The main economic activities of the state are agriculture, leisure, electric power and tourism. In California are located some of the most important economic cities in the world, such as Los Angeles (entertainment, leisure), the Central Valley (agriculture), Silicon Valley (computing and high technology) and the Napa Valley (wine).
New York (official name in English, State of New York) is one of the 50 states of the United States of America, located in the region of the Middle Atlantic of the country, to the northeast of the same. Its capital is Albany. It is the largest financial and commercial center in the United States, as well as its largest industrial center. With its 19 million inhabitants, New York is the third most populous state in the country. It should not be confused with the city of the same name, the city of New York (official name: City of New York, or, informally, New York City), located in the extreme south of the state. Therefore, the state is often called "New York State." The city of New York is not only the largest city in the state, with its 8.5 million inhabitants, about half of the state population, but also the largest city in the United States. The nickname of New York is "Empire State" ("State of the Empire"). Historians believe that this nickname comes from a comment made by George Washington. He once commented that New York was the center of the American empire. The motto of the state is "Excelsior", a Latin word that means "always up", "always at the top" or "highest still". New York was originally colonized by the Dutch, who called the region the New Netherlands. They also founded a settlement on the island of Manhattan, called New Amsterdam. When England captured the status of the Dutch, the English renamed both the state and the city located in Manhattan to "New York." New York was one of the thirteen British colonies that rebelled in the War of Independence of the United States. In this state, one third of all battles of the war took place. After the war, New York became the 11th state to enter the Union, on July 26, 1788. It became the most populous in the country around 1810, although it was surpassed by California in the 1960s and by Texas in the 1990s.