The flags of the states of Mexico

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The flags of the states of Mexico
Source:listas.20minutos.es
Flags of the States of the Mexican Republic and some that were conquered (Alta California, Texas and New Mexico) or independent (Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica).

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Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Managua Capital On October 11, 1822, the Provincial Council of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, meeting in León, proclaimed the absolute independence of Spain and the annexation to Mexico.

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The Savior
The Savior
San Salvador Capital When the Central American independence materialized, there were only three options left for the nascent province union: first, to preserve the unity of the provinces; second, becoming independent in well-defined nations; or third, annex to the Mexican Empire of Agustín de Iturbide. The news of independence baffled most conservative groups in the different provinces and municipalities of Central America. The concern of the conservative sectors was reassured when the authorities of El Salvador received a letter from Iturbide, who had proclaimed himself Emperor of Mexico, inviting Central America to join the empire.


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Honduras
Honduras
Tegucigalpa capital. Declaration of Honduras, Mr. Doctor Don Manuel Ugarte ... "Mexico and Central America, disoriented in the new political situation, for which they were not prepared, had an imperial glare, and Honduras, as a fraction of what were then united provinces of Central America, joined the plan of your general Iturbide: you still keep under your flag Central American territories that spontaneously joined your Republic ... "

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Belize
Belize
Belmopan capital. He was part of the First Mexican Empire from 1821 to 1823, when he belonged to the Captaincy General of Guatemala.

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Costa Rica
Costa Rica
San José Capital. In December 1821, the Party of Costa Rica, one of the seven that formed the province of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, separated from it and resumed the status of a separate province, which it had had until 1820. From 1822 to 1823, all these provinces were united in one way or another to the First Mexican Empire. Declaration of Costa Rica, Mr. Don Ricardo Fernández ... "At the same time that the Independence of Mexico and Central America was consummated, the same flag initially sheltered the six sister nations, which should never have been separated and that one day they will have to unite again. "


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Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala Capital On January 5, 1822, the Central American provinces were annexed to the Mexican Empire, an idea by Agustín de Iturbide to counter US expansion. The Mexican Empire wanted to be a monarchy that led to a union of what were inhabitants of the Viceroyalty of New Spain under a unique, catholic and powerful flag. The Mexican Empire obtains by annexation of Iturbide the annexation of the Captaincy General of Guatemala declared independent of Spain.

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Alta California
Alta California
Monte Rey Capital. Alta California is the name given to this province during independent Mexico, as opposed to Baja California, a name that the peninsula still retains. Currently, this region would be distributed in the US federal states of California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, western Colorado, and southwest Wyoming.

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Campeche
Campeche
Campeche Capital. Campeche is one of the 31 states that, together with the Federal District, make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located southeast of the Mexican Republic and west of the Yucatan Peninsula, between parallels 17 ° 49 'and 20 ° 51' north latitude and meridians 89 ° 06 'and 92 ° 27' west longitude. It borders to the northeast with the state of Yucatán, to the east with the state of Quintana Roo, to the southeast with Belize, to the south with the Republic of Guatemala, to the southwest with the state of Tabasco and to the west with the Gulf of Mexico.


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Morelos
Morelos
Cuernavaca capital. Morelos is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located in the center of the national territory. It borders to the north with the Federal District, to the northeast and northwest with the state of Mexico, to the south with the state of Guerrero and to the east with the state of Puebla.

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New Mexico
New Mexico
Capital Santa Fe. When the independence of Mexico from Spain was consummated in 1810-1821, the province of New Mexico was part of independent Mexico. The population had strong links with the capital of the country, since the "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro" communicated Santa Fe and many other towns with Mexico City since the time of the Spanish Colony. However, most of the trade was with El Paso del Norte and the city of Chihuahua.

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Texas
Texas
San Antonio Capital. Mexican Texas is the name given by historians to Texas between 1821 and 1836, when Texas was ruled by Mexico. The period began with the victory of Mexico over Spain in its war of independence in 1821. During its first years of existence, Mexican Texas operated in the same way as Spanish Texas. The Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1824 united Texas with Coahuila to form the state of Coahuila and Texas.


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Colima
Colima
Colima Capital. Colima is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico. Its name comes from the Nahuatl term with which the ancient kingdom of Colliman was called: de colli, "cerro", "volcano" or "grandfather", and maitl, "mano", "domain". Colima is, then, "place where the old god or the god of fire dominates." It is the fourth smallest state and its Human Development Index is high. The capital city of the state receives the same name: Colima.

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Quintana Roo
Quintana Roo
Chetumal Capital Quintana Roo is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located east of the Yucatan Peninsula, on the border with Central America. It borders the states of Yucatán to the northwest and Campeche to the west; to the north with the Gulf of Mexico; To the south, the Hondo River delimits its border with Belize and some stone signs placed in its sierra (Las Mojoneras) delimit its border with Guatemala. The beaches east of its territory are washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, which is why this state is known in the world as "The Mexican Caribbean." Its most populated locations are Cancun, Chetumal, Playa del Carmen and San Miguel de Cozumel It is along with Baja California Sur the youngest entity in the country (both promoted from Federal Territory to Free and Sovereign State, on October 8, 1974).

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San Luis Potosi
San Luis Potosi
Capital San Luis Potosí. San Luis Potosí is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located in the north-central region of the national territory and occupies a very wide area of the Mexican highlands. Its official name is the Free and Sovereign State of San Luis Potosí and with its territorial extension of 63,068 km it is the fifteenth state by extension of the Mexican Republic.

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Nayarit
Nayarit
Tepic Capital Nayarit is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. The word Nayarit comes from Cora, which is the ethnonym with which they name themselves. Nayarit means: "Son of God who is in heaven and in the Sun" It is located northwest of the territory. It borders the states of Sinaloa, Durango and Zacatecas to the north and the state of Jalisco to the south. Towards the west it has an important coastal strip in the Pacific Ocean, where it also has the Marias Islands, Isabel Island, the Three Marietas and the Farallón La Peña.


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gentleman
gentleman
Pachuca Capital The State of Hidalgo (officially «Free and Sovereign State of Hidalgo») is one of the 31 states that, together with the Federal District, make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It has 84 municipalities and its capital - and most populous city - is Pachuca de Soto. On January 15, 1869, the Congress of the Union issued the Creation Decree of the State of Hidalgo. The state was established the next day, on January 16, 1869, by President Benito Juárez.

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Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur
Capital La Paz. Baja California Sur is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico, is located northwest of the territory, occupying the southern half of the California peninsula. It limits to the north with the state of Baja California located above the 28ºN parallel, to the east with the Sea of Cortez and to the south and west with the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is the city of La Paz.

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Coahuila
Coahuila
Saltillo Capital. Coahuila de Zaragoza is a state in the Northeast of Mexico and one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is the third largest state in Mexico, it has a large number of ecosystems that range from the deserts in the Lagunera Region and the forests in the Sierra Madre Oriental. The state of coahuila is famous for having been part of the Republic of the Rio Grande in the year 1840. Among its most populated cities are: Saltillo, Torreon, Monclova, black stones, among others.

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Tabasco
Tabasco
Beautiful Villa Capital. Tabasco is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. The state is located in the southeast of Mexico, with 1914 of the 11 593 km of the coast of the country, that is, 1.58% .5 It borders to the north with the Gulf of Mexico, to the northeast with the state of Campeche , to the southeast with the Republic of Guatemala, to the west with the state of Veracruz and to the south with Chiapas. The surface of its territory occupies an area close to 25,000 km², which places it in the twenty-fourth position in the list of Mexican states sorted by surface.

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Queretaro
Queretaro
Queretaro Capital. Querétaro is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located in central Mexico, in a region known as El Bajío. Its capital is the city of Santiago de Querétaro (located about 200 km northwest of Mexico City). Querétaro limits to the north with the state of San Luis Potosí, to the west with Guanajuato, to the east with Hidalgo, to the southeast with that of Mexico and to the southwest with Michoacán.


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Sinaloa
Sinaloa
Culiacan Capital. Sinaloa is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located northwest of the country, on the coast of the Gulf of California; it limits to the north with Sonora, to the east with Chihuahua and Durango (separated from them by the Sierra Madre Occidental) and to the south with Nayarit. Its capital is Culiacán, an important industrial and agricultural center, with approximately 858,638 inhabitants.

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Tamaulipas
Tamaulipas
Victoria City Capital. Tamaulipas is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It borders the Mexican state of Nuevo León to the west, with the Gulf of Mexico to the east, with the Mexican states of Veracruz and San Luis Potosí to the south and to the north shares a long border with the US state of Texas. According to the latest Population and Housing Count 2010, Tamaulipas has a population 3,268,554 inhabitants.

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Zacatecas
Zacatecas
Zacatecas capital. Zacatecas is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 states of Mexico located in the northern part of the country. It limits to the north with Coahuila, to the northwest with Durango, to the west with Nayarit, to the east with San Luis Potosí and Nuevo León, and to the south with Jalisco, Aguascalientes and Guanajuato. The capital is the city of Zacatecas, which is considered the great colonizer of northern New Spain. It has 58 municipalities and its main economic activities are mining, agriculture and tourism. The state is known for its large deposits of silver and other minerals, its colonial architecture and its importance during the Mexican Revolution.

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Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes
Aguascalientes Capital. Aguascalientes is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. Aguascalientes is located in the north-central region of the country. There is no exit to the sea; It borders to the north with Zacatecas and to the south with Jalisco. The name comes from the hot springs that the founders discovered in the current state. It represents 0.3 percent of the country's surface. Like the other states of the federation, Aguascalientes has a local constitution, criminal legislation, laws and its own shield.

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Sonora
Sonora
Hermosillo Capital. Sonora is one of the 31 states that, together with the Federal District, make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located in the northwest region of the country. It is known for its desert characteristics and its beaches. Its capital and largest city is Hermosillo. It borders the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south and Baja California to the northwest; to the north it shares an extensive border with the state of Arizona and a smaller one with that of New Mexico in the United States, and to the west it borders the Sea of Cortez or the Gulf of California. It is divided into 72 municipalities, occupying the second largest national place, after Chihuahua, with 9.2% of the total Mexican territory


TOP 16:
Puebla
Puebla
Puebla capital. Puebla is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located in the central east of the Mexican territory. It borders to the east with the state of Veracruz, to the west with the states of Hidalgo, Mexico, Tlaxcala and Morelos and to the south with the states of Oaxaca and Guerrero. Puebla has no exit to the sea and has a very rugged relief. Its area is 34,251 km², in which more than five million people live, making this state the fifth most populous in the country. The state capital is Puebla de Zaragoza, the fourth Mexican city by the number of its inhabitants.

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Michoacán

Michoacán
Morelia Capital. Michoacán de Ocampo is one of the 31 states that, together with the Federal District, make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It borders the states of Colima and Jalisco to the northwest, to the north with Guanajuato and Querétaro, to the east with Mexico, to the southeast with the state of Guerrero and to the southwest with the Pacific Ocean. Michoacán has an area of 58,585 square kilometers. The entity is made up of 113 municipalities and its capital is the city of Morelia, formerly called Valladolid, which bears this name in honor of José María Morelos y Pavón, hero of the independence of Mexico.

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Warrior

Warrior
Chilpancingo capital. Guerrero is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. Its capital is the city of Chilpancingo de los Bravo. It borders to the north with the states of Mexico (216 km) and Morelos (88 km), to the northwest with the state of Michoacán de Ocampo (424 km), to the northeast with the state of Puebla (128 km), to the east with the state from Oaxaca (241 km) and to the south with the Pacific Ocean (500 km).

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Veracruz

Veracruz
Xalapa Capital. Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, generally known as Veracruz, is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. The state is located in eastern Mexico and borders to the north with Tamaulipas, to the south with Oaxaca and Chiapas, to the east with the Gulf of Mexico, to the west with San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo and Puebla and to the southeast with Tabasco.

TOP 12:

Baja California

Baja California
Mexicali capital. Baja California is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. Baja California is located in the northwest corner of Mexico. It shares the peninsula of Baja California with the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. Before reaching the status of a state in 1952, it had the name of Northern Territory of Baja California. It has an area of 71,576 km², that is, 3.57% of the country. It is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean, to the east by the Sea of Cortez or the Gulf of California, the state of Sonora and the state of Arizona, to the south by the state of Baja California Sur and to the north by the state of California.


TOP 11:

Durango

Durango
Durango Capital Durango is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. The name of durango comes from the foundation of the town of Durango by Francisco de Ibarra, a Spanish conqueror from the town of Éibar, near the town of Durango, in the Basque province of Vizcaya, in Spain.

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Mexico

Mexico
Toluca capital. The state of Mexico (officially Free and Sovereign State of Mexico), is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is located in the south center of the country and has an area of more than 21 thousand km2. Its name is Mexican, to distinguish itself from the citizens of the country of Mexico, called Mexicans. The Mexican entity limits to the north with Querétaro and Hidalgo, to the south with Morelos and Guerrero; to the west with Michoacán, to the east with Tlaxcala and Puebla, and surrounds the Federal District.

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Tlaxcala

Tlaxcala
Tlaxcala capital. The state of Tlaxcala is one of the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is the smallest state in the country. Its territory is larger than that of the Federal District, although this is not a state.

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Chiapas

Chiapas
Capital Tuxtla Gutierrez. Chiapas is one of the 31 states that make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. Located in the southeast of Mexico, it became the 19th state of Mexico on September 14, 1824 after the realization of a popular plebiscite, because during the colonial stage it was integrated into the General Captaincy of Guatemala. The state has tourist attractions such as the archaeological zone of Palenque, San Cristóbal de Las Casas and the Agua Azul waterfalls.

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Guanajuato

Guanajuato
Guanajuato capital. Guanajuato is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It limits to the west with the state of Jalisco, to the north with Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí, to the east with the State of Querétaro and to the south the State of Michoacán. It has a territorial extension of 30,491 km2. By this extension it occupies the twenty-second place among the entities of the country. If its extension is compared with that of other entities, Guanajuato fits eight times in Chihuahua and is seven times larger than Tlaxcala.


TOP 6:

Yucatan

Yucatan
Merida Capital Yucatán is one of the thirty-one states that, together with the Federal District, make up the thirty-two federal entities of Mexico. The state is located in the southeast of Mexico and in the north of the Yucatan Peninsula. It is limited to the north by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southeast by the state of Quintana Roo and to the southwest by the state of Campeche.

TOP 5:

Chihuahua

Chihuahua
Chihuahua capital. Chihuahua is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. Chihuahua is located in northern Mexico and has an area of 247 087 km², being the largest state in Mexico. The state limits the north with the states of New Mexico and Texas (United States); to the west with the states of Sonora and Sinaloa, to the south with Durango and to the east with Coahuila.

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federal District

federal District
Capital City of Mexico. Mexico City, Federal District, or in its abbreviated form Mexico, DF, is the capital and seat of the federal powers of the United Mexican States. It is a federal entity of Mexico that is not part of the 31 Mexican states, but belongs to the Federation, which together make up the 32 federal entities of the nation. Mexico City is the largest urban center in the country, as well as the main political, academic, economic, fashion, financial, business and cultural center.

TOP 3:

New Lion

New Lion
Monterrey capital. The free and sovereign state of Nuevo León is one of the 31 states that together with the Federal District make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico. To the north it borders the US state of Texas; it also borders on the east with Tamaulipas, with which it shares the entire limit of the east side; Coahuila and San Luis Potosí to the west, with the latter also bordering south. and to the southwest with the state of Zacatecas. Nuevo León has a border area in the north that extends 15 kilometers with the state of Texas. The state capital is the city of Monterrey.

TOP 2:

Oaxaca

Oaxaca
Oaxaca capital. It is one of the 31 states that, together with the Federal District, make up the list of 32 federal entities of the Mexican Republic. It is located in the south of the country, at the southwest end of the Tehuantepec isthmus. It borders the states of Guerrero to the west, Puebla to the northwest, Veracruz to the north and Chiapas to the east. To the south it has almost 600 km of coastline in the Pacific Ocean. By its extension, it is the fifth largest state in the country and occupies 4.8% of its total area. It houses a rich multicultural composition where more than 16 ethnic groups live together. Currently, the Political Constitution of Oaxaca recognizes the existence of fifteen indigenous peoples with their own cultures.


TOP 1:

Jalisco

Jalisco
Guadalajara capital. Jalisco is one of the thirty-one states that, together with the Federal District, make up the thirty-two federal entities of Mexico. It's located in the western part of the country. It borders the State of Nayarit to the northwest; Zacatecas, Aguascalientes to the north; Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí to the east and Colima and Michoacán to the south. Towards the west, Jalisco has an important coastal strip in the Pacific Ocean. Jalisco is the fourth most populous federative entity in Mexico and one of the most developed states in the country in terms of economic, commercial and cultural activities.