Punk is a musical genre within the rock that emerged in the mid-1970s. This genre is characterized in the music industry by its independent and amateur attitude. In the beginning, punk was a very simple and raw music, sometimes neglected: a simple type of rock, with simple melodies of short durations, sounds of amplified guitars little controlled or noisy, few arrangements and instruments, and, usually , of fast bars and tempos. The guitar lines are characterized by their simplicity and the rawness of the amplified sound, generally creating a noisy or aggressive sound environment inherited from garage rock. The bass, in general, follows only the line of the chord and does not seek to decorate the melody with octaves or arrangements. The battery on the other hand has an accelerated tempo, with simple rhythms of rock. The voices vary from strong expressions and even violent or torn, expressive sung caricatures that alter the conventional parameters of the action of the singer, to more melodic and elaborate forms.
Fugazi is a post-hardcore group from Washington, DC (United States).
MC5 (abbreviation of Motor City Five) is a rock group formed in Detroit in 1964, and active until 1972, consisting almost entirely of Wayne Kramer and Fred "Sonic" Smith (on guitars), Michael Davis (bass), Rob Tyner (vocals), and Dennis Thompson (drums).
The Damned, considered the person in charge to initiate the punk movement in the United Kingdom next to bands like Sex Pistols and The Clash, is a group of punk and later also of gothic rock formed in London, in 1976. It was the first English punk band in releasing a single (New Rose), releasing an album (Damned, Damned, Damned), and touring the United States. The music of its beginnings (more or less between 1976 and 1980) and especially the style of battery of Rat Scabies were a great influence for the creation of Hardcore punk in the United States. The Damned have also been considered as one of the founders of gothic rock. The group has separated and regrouped many times and only the vocalist Dave Vanian has remained constant in each lineup. However, the alignments have always included either the guitarist Captain Sensible or the drummer Rat Scabies.
Buzzcocks is a band of British punk rock, formed in the mid-70s, the birth of this musical movement that sought to return rock to its basic origins, leaving aside the virtuosity that characterized most of the artists and groups of the moment. His combination of instrumental energy, rhythmic aggressiveness, lyrical cynicism and a love for good pop melody placed the Buzzcocks as one of the first punk-pop combos in history (along with the Ramones), influenced by both the Sex Pistols and Velvet Underground, The Who, The Stooges, The Troggs (who covered "I can not control myself") or the garage and the beat of the 60s.
Bad Brains is an American musical group, recognized like one of the first bands of hardcore punk, although in its repertoire the reggae appears. Formed in the year 1977 in Washington, they are often considered as pioneers of hardcore punk, 1 despite that, the band rejects the term "hardcore" to describe their music in general.2 The members of the band are practitioners of Religion Rastafari
Black Flag was an American band of hardcore punk formed in 1976 in Hermosa Beach, California. Originally the band was created by Greg Ginn: the guitarist, main songwriter and only stable member through the multiple lineups of the band. It is widely considered one of the pioneer bands of hardcore punk sound. Black Flag forged a unique sound with principles of simplicity which mix the raw material of the Ramones with atonal guitar solos and frequent changes of tempo. The band was also known for the intense and suggestive lyrics in their songs, most of which were written by Ginn. Like other punk bands of this era, Black Flag gave voice to anti-authoritarianism, to the non-conformist message with songs peppered with descriptions of loneliness, neurosis, poverty and paranoia. These themes deepen when Henry Rollins joins the group as a singer in 1981. Most of the material was released by the independent label of Ginn, SST Records. Black Flag was - and continues to be - one of the most respected bands in underground culture, whose main influence was the promotion of the ethical and aesthetic stance of "Do it yourself". They are usually recognized as the pioneers of the creation of independent record companies to later publish their own works, so popular in the punk bands of the 80's. For having toured countless times in the United States and Canada, and occasionally in Europe, Black Flag created a fan base very identified with the band. In the course of the 1980s, the sound of Black Flag, as well as its notoriety, had evolved in a way that had largely distanced itself from the principles of punk. Black Flag in addition to being a pioneer in the creation of hardcore, were part of the first wave of the west coast of the United States and are considered as one of the key influences in the punk ideology. Besides being one of the first punk groups to incorporate elements and heavy metal influence, especially melodies and rhythms, they are also owed the peculiar and notorious introduction of elements of free jazz, breakbeat and contemporary classical music in punk, especially on Ginn's guitar. They began to play longer, slower, and the songs were more complex while many groups around them continued to compose systematic songs with three chords. As a result, his extensive discography is more stylistically varied than that of many of his predecessors and contemporaries of hardcore punk.
The Stooges is a rock band born in 1967 in Detroit (United States) considered a pioneer of garage rock and a forerunner of both music and the punk subculture.
The Exploited is a hardcore punk band from Edinburgh, Scotland, formed between the end of 1979 and the early 1980s active to this day.4 Despite being an iconic band of British hardcore punk (also called UK82), throughout his career he has gone through different styles, starting with a punk clearly influenced by the so-called street punk in his first EPs and his 1981 debut album, Punk's Not Dead, and then opting for hardcore punk (which contained thrash metal riffs ) 5 that would become its hallmark during the 1980s (highlighting the albums Troops of Tomorrow, from 1982, Let's Start A War ..., from 1983, and Horror Epics, from 1984). From the end of that decade, the style of the band would vary towards a thrash crossover from the LP Death Before Dishonour and continuing with the albums The Massacre, Beat the Bastards and Fuck the System (1987,1990, 1996 and 2003 respectively). At present they are considered, together with GBH and Discharge, as one of the three great British hardcore punk.
Dead Kennedys is a controversial American punk band, born in the 70s.
Bad Religion is an American punk rock band founded in 1979 in Southern California by Greg Graffin (vocals), Jay Bentley (bass), Jay Ziskrout (drums) and Brett Gurewitz (guitar). The band has had different lineups throughout its 33 years of existence, Graffin being the only member that has been constant; however, the band now has three of its original members: Greg Graffin, Brett Gurewitz and Jay Bentley. They are commonly credited with guiding the resurgence of punk rock and having inspired pop punk bands during the late 1970s, as well as having influenced a large number of punk and vocals musicians throughout their career. rock. To date Bad Religion has released fifteen studio albums, two EPs, three compilation albums, one live album and three DVDs. His album Suffer has been valued by some critics as the most relevant punk rock album of all time, although he never had a place on the Billboard popularity list. In 1993 the band reached a place of billboard with its album Recipe for Hate, this one gave fame to them while it assured them the position number 14 of the list Heatseekers of the Billboard of that year. Its greater success came with Stranger Than Fiction the first album in deserving them the golden disc in the United States, detaching of him recognized singles like "21st Century (Digital Boy)" and "Infected". The band kept reaping successes more discreetly in their new label, Warner, without Brett Gurewitz, who retired in 1994 for personal reasons. 2001 was an important year for the band as it marked the return of Gurewitz and the return of Bad Religion to Epitaph, the independent music label of which Gurewitz owns. Since this rebirth for the band, this has remained with the same lineup for over 8 years and 3 albums. They are particularly known for their sophisticated use of style, metaphor, vocabulary, iconography and vocal harmonies (those called by the band as oozin 'aahs); the latter consecrating them as pioneers of the nascent melodic hardcore. His lyrics are usually reflective about personal feelings, ideologies of life and social responsibility.
The Misfits is a punk and hardcore punk horror band formed in 1977 in the city of Lodi, New Jersey, originally led by singer Glenn Danzig and bassist Jerry Only. The band is linked to hardcore besides being closely related by genres such as punk rock, 1 thrash metal1, heavy metal, 1, rock and roll1, to a lesser extent by gothic rock, in general. Misfits has always shown affinity with the heavy metal audience, because their lyrics and attitude are different from those of previous punk bands. For example, the band Metallica has contributed to unite the public of both genres by playing Misfits versions on several occasions. Although the group split up in 1983, Jerry Only brought together other musicians to reform the band, but without vocalist and founder Glenn Danzig. The group's first line-up consisted of vocalist Danzig, bassist Jerry Only, drummer Manny Martinez and guitarist Jimmy Battle. After a series of changes in their formation and some musical differences, Danzig dissolved the original Misfits in 1983. The members were among the pioneers in using corpse paint makeup and Jerry Only was the inventor of the devilock hairstyle
The Clash was a British band of punk that was active between 1976 and 1986. The group was one of the most important and iconic of the first wave of punk originated in the late '70s and, unlike most bands punk that were characterized by their musical simplicity,  incorporated reggae, rock, rockabilly, ska, jazz and dub among other varied styles in their repertoire. The Clash became a very influential band in world music. Added to this, The Clash exhibited a political intentionality in its lyrics that would eventually become its fundamental distinctive feature. The idealism expressed in the compositions of Joe Strummer and Mick Jones contrasted with the nihilism of the Sex Pistols and the simplicity of Ramones, the other emblematic bands of punk at the time.1 2 Although their success in the United Kingdom was immediate, the band the American public was not won until the 1980s .3 Their third album, London Calling (published in 1980), is considered one of the best albums in the history of music. In fact, Billboard magazine called it the best of the 1980s,4 and according to Rolling Stone magazine as the eighth best in history on its list of the 500 best albums of all time, which also includes two other albums group, The Clash and Sandinista !, in positions no. 77 and no. 404 respectively.5 Some of their most recognized themes were "White Riot", "Tommy Gun", "London Calling", "Train in Vain" , "(White Man) In Hammersmith Palais", "The Guns of Brixton", "Complete Control", "Rock the Casbah" and "Should I Stay or Should I Go". This last song was a great success 6 years after the dissolution of the group due to its use in a Levi's advertising campaign. In 2003 they were included in the Rock Hall of Fame located in Ohio, United States.1 One year later, Rolling Stone included them in the 28th position of "The Immortals". Throughout time, the nickname attributed on one occasion by his record label CBS Records, "the only band that matters" (in Spanish "the only band that matters") has been established among fans and critics to refer to them. The application of the same refers to the group never deviated from their ideals or their customs to seek personal benefits.
The Sex Pistols
Sex Pistols is a punk rock band formed in London in 1975, considered responsible for having initiated the punk movement in the United Kingdom and for inspiring many punk and alternative rock musicians. Although her first stage lasted barely two and a half years and produced only four singles and a studio album -Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols-, she is recognized as one of the most influential bands in the history of music popular.2 3 4 Members of the Sex Pistols were originally Johnny Rotten, guitarist Steve Jones, drummer Paul Cook and bassist Glen Matlock. Matlock was replaced by Sid Vicious in early 1977. With businessman Malcolm McLaren as manager, the band organized controversies that captivated the United Kingdom. Their concerts often ran into difficulties with organizers and authorities, and their public appearances often ended in chaos. His 1977 single "God Save the Queen," which attacked British social conformism and respect for the crown, precipitated the "last and greatest wave of moral pandemonium based on pop." 5 In January 1978, at the end After a turbulent tour of the United States, Rotten left the band and announced its dissolution. In the following months, the remaining three members of the band recorded a series of songs for the film about McLaren's version of the band's story, The Great Rock 'n' Roll Swindle. Vicious died of a heroin overdose in February 1979. In 1996, Rotten, Jones, Cook and Matlock met for the Filthy Lucre Tour; Since 2002, they have met again for tours and concerts on several occasions. On February 24, 2006, the Sex Pistols were included in the Rock Hall of Fame, though they refused to attend the ceremony, calling the museum "a pee stain."
Ramones was a punk rock band formed in Forest Hills, in the district of Queens, New York, United States, in 1974. Pioneers and leaders of the nascent punk rock, 1 2 laid the foundations of this musical genre with simple compositions, minimalist, repetitive and very simple or even meaningless lyrics, in clear opposition to the pomposity and lavishness of the bands that triumphed in the market of the 1970s: 3 4 the long guitar solos, the complex progressive rock songs and their enigmatic lyrics.5 His sound is characterized by being fast and direct, with influences from the rockabilly of the 1950s, surf rock, The Beatles, The Velvet Underground, the girl bands of the 60s like The Shangri-Las and the proto garage -punk of MC5 and The Stooges.6 Ramones led the first wave of punk in New York, sharing the stage of the CBGB with Patti Smith, Television, Talking Heads, Johnny Thunders and the Heartbreakers, Blondie and Richard Hell, among others, and serving as inspiration for the vast majority of punk bands emerged in the 70s. Being one of the most important bands in the history of rock, its influence is felt in almost all later punk bands. Throughout their career, the Ramones published 14 studio albums and several compilations and live discs, making a total of 21 albums and a total of 212 songs. Despite its current fame, the group only got a gold record thanks to the Ramonesmania compilation in 1988, and only two of their albums managed to surpass the top 50 on the US Billboard.9 None of their singles got commercial repercussion.2 The band it was disbanded in 1996. Three of its four original members (Joey Ramone, Johnny Ramone and Dee Dee Ramone) died within eight years of the band's disappearance. In 2002 the group was included in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. In 2011 they received a Grammy in recognition of their career.