Heroes of the independence of America
Each one of them is in itself great and unparalleled, this list is a tribute to its value, its struggle, its life for our peoples ... Glory to each of these parents of independence. Vote xque? ... for the one that best sympathizes with you, since it would be an offense if any of them deserves their great work.
Being Ensign in 1801 and one of the few career soldiers, he integrated the expedition sent to the north to reconquer Coimbra from the Portuguese. He actively participated in the defense of the Río de la Plata during the English invasions and there he met Fernando de la Mora and Juan Francisco Recalde. In 1810, Fulgencio Yegros had reached the rank of captain. That same year he was entrusted with the defense of the Paraná coast in the area of Paso de Patria. After the battle of Paraguari he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He was a realist and after the massive demobilization ordered by Velasco was one of the few left with command of the troops, being appointed governor of the Missions. On May 19 of the movements in Asunción on May 14, he marched to the capital arriving on the 21st of that month. He was the most prestigious military and his leadership in the Army was undisputed
Pedro I from Brazil
He proclaimed Brazil independent of Portugal and became the first emperor of Brazil. He held the Portuguese throne for a brief period of time with the name of Pedro IV, nicknamed The Soldier King. When King John VI finally returned to Portugal, in the early 1820s, most of the privileges that had been granted to Brazil were abolished, which caused the wrath of the nationalists. Pedro, who remained in the country as regent, allied himself with the nationalists and supported the Portuguese constitutional movement to lead a revolt in Porto in 1820. Pressed by the Portuguese court to return, Pedro refused. He was retired as regent, remaining as a simple representative of the Lisbon court in Brazil. Upon hearing the news, on September 7, 1822, he drew his sword and exclaimed: "Independence or death!" He was proclaimed emperor of Brazil on October 12 and formally crowned on December 1.
Nicknamed: "El Negro Ansina", accompanied Jose Gervasio Artigas throughout his life, was his most faithful friend and follower. He was born in Montevideo in 1760, the son of black slaves. He was watery in his childhood, as a boy he goes to the campaign, where he becomes a payador. After enlisting among the crew of an alleged fishing vessel, upon learning that he was a pirate (the ship), he flees to the Brazilian Coast. He was captured and turned into a slave. It was bought by Artigas, who released him immediately, at that time they made a deep friendship, and they were together for their entire lives. I participate with Artigas in various battles. When Artigas dies, Manuel Antonio Ledesma learns about the solitude in which Ansina lived, and welcomes him in his house until his death in 1860. Unfortunately, due to the destruction produced by the War of Paraguay, his remains could not be found .
José Gervasio Artigas
José Gervasio Artigas, was a military, statesman and top Uruguayan hero. He received the titles of "Chief of the Orientals" and "Protector of the Free Peoples." He was one of the most important statesmen of the Río de la Plata Revolution, so he is also honored in Argentina for his contribution to independence and with vicissitudes, the federalization of the country.
José María Córdova
known as the "Hero of Ayacucho", he was the most prominent general of Antioquia during the period of Independence. He contributed to the weakening of the realistic pastusa forces, commanded by the indigenous leader Agustín Agualongo. Córdova already held the rank of brigadier general, when the campaign of Peru was launched, under the command of Sucre. In the battle of Ayacucho, he managed to defeat the realistic army commanded by the viceroy José de la Serna. The independence of Peru was thus resolved, definitively liquidating the Spanish colonialist empire. The immediate consequence was the confirmation of the independence of South America, the creation of Bolivia and the recognition as nations of the new South American states.
The influence of Martian thought in Cubans is such that even today, more than a century after his death, Marti seems to be once again who rises in a protective and reunifying figure of Cubans. His figure is as respected and idolized as many by Cubans who are in exile as by the Cuban Government. There is no nation project in Cuba without the Martian ideology because its thinking is the basis of all sense of identity and nationality of the Cuban people. That is why José Martí is for every Cuban, and well earned the title, "The Apostle."
Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme
He was a Chilean politician and military. He is considered the Father of the Fatherland in Chile and was one of the fundamental military figures of the independence of his country and Latin America. He was the first independent Head of State of Chile under the title of Supreme Director between 1817 and 1823, when he voluntarily resigned from office to avoid a civil war, exiling in Peru until his death. He was Captain General of the Chilean Army, Brigadier of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, Grand Marshal of Peru, General of Gran Colombia and organizer of the Liberation Expedition of Peru.
Jose maria morelos and pavon
Religious, Mexican politician and military, leader of the independence of Mexico. He assumed the leadership of the independence movement after the death in 1811 of priest Hidalgo (whose cause he had joined in 1810) and achieved important victories in the south. He also tried to give political ideals to his ideals of justice and equality through the Chilpancingo Congress (1813), which made the declaration of independence, granted Morelos a broad executive power and laid the foundations for a liberal and democratic constitution that would be approved in 1814.
He was the first President of the United States (1789 - 1797) and Commander in Chief of the Continental Army of the Revolutionary Forces in the United States War of Independence (1775–1783).
Antonio jose de sucre
Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá, known as the Grand Marshal of Ayacucho, was a Venezuelan politician, statesman and military, hero of independence as well as president of Bolivia and Peru. General in Chief of the Army of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador and Commander of the Army of the South. He was the son of a wealthy family of military tradition, being his father Colonel of the realistic Army. He is considered one of the most complete military among the heroes of South American independence
José Gabriel Condorcanqui Castro, called TUPAC AMARU II
chief of Surimana, Tungasuca and Pampamarca, a noble and wealthy 'Indian' dedicated to trade, leader who will lead the largest rebellion of the independentist court in the Viceroyalty of Peru, first to request the freedom of all America and to decree the freedom of those called " blacks. " His movement constituted a watershed that eliminated the noble indigenous class and increased repression. He has been recognized as the founder of the Peruvian national identity. He was a capital figure for the Velasquista regime (1968-1975) and has since remained in the popular imaginary claimed.
José Francisco de San Martín
José Francisco de San Martín (1778-1850) was an Argentine military whose campaigns were decisive for the independence of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Known as the Father of Mexican independence, he was a priest and soldier who stood out in the first stage of the Mexican War of Independence, which began with an act known in Mexican historiography as Grito de Dolores. He directed the first part of the movement.
He contributed decisively to the independence of the current ones: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Venezuela.