Asperger's syndrome or Asperger's disorder is a set of mental and behavioral problems that is part of the autism spectrum disorders. The term was used for the first time by Lorna Wing in 1981 in a journal of psychiatry and psychology, naming it in recognition of the previous work of Hans Asperger (1906-1980), an Austrian psychiatrist and pediatrician who had described the syndrome as early as 1943 ( in his work for habilitation as a teacher and published a year later) that is, almost simultaneously with the description of infantile autism performed by Leo Kanner. Those people have an intellectual level superior to average people, but are often clumsy in social relationships. The year 2006 was declared the "International Year of Asperger's Syndrome", due to the fact that the centenary of the birth of Hans Asperger and the twenty-fifth anniversary of the moment in which the psychiatrist Lorna Wing made the disorder known internationally. 2007, on February 18 has been declared International Asperger's Day in memory of the birth of Hans Asperger.
Craig Nicholls - Australia
Craig Robert Nicholls is the lead singer, songwriter, and guitarist of the rock band The Vines. He also plays different types of percussion and Moog in the songs of The Vines: He plays the piano in "Homesick" (Highly Evolved), and the bass in "Futuretarded" (Vision Valley). Craig is the second youngest of four brothers: he has two sisters and one brother. He spent his childhood listening to The Beatles and painting. He left school (the Marist College Penshurst, where he was studying with Ryan Griffiths (who later became guitarist of his band) in the tenth grade of High School, due to a great depression, because he was interested in painting, he decided to enter He was able to finance his vocation with an art school to study what he earned in a fast-food job (in a McDonalds restaurant in South Hurtsville, Sydney), where he met his future bandmates, Patrick. Matthews (who left the group in 2004) and David Ollife (founding drummer) shared the interest in the band Nirvana and Nicholls began saving money for an eventual EP, hoping to collaborate to record some material. in some interviews that his band, in principle, would be called "Rishikesh", which is the name of the place in India where The Beatles had gone, his favorite band, but they decided to change it to The Vines because some newspapers and magazines confused it's name with "Rishi Chams". In addition, his father, during his youth, had had a band called "The Vynes". Craig learned to play the guitar during his childhood, since his father taught him from an early age. Craig had never written songs until they started playing live. In an interview he said that once he started writing songs he started to like and continued to write more and more. He said that writing was a good way for him. Due to their performances, which included homemade parties, they gathered followers in Sydney and consequently managed to get Capitol Records interested in them. Nicholls continued to paint, and his pieces are often used on the covers and contents of The Vines albums. Discovery of Asperger During a promotional show for Triple M, bassist Patrick Matthews left the stage after Craig asked the audience not to speak during his performance. He said "why the hell are you laughing? They look like a herd of sheep, why do not you better say" baaa! " Craig was even accused by the photograph of Janie Barret of assaulting her when he threw the camera, and judicial charges were filed for that. Patrick Matthews (now part of the rock group Youth Group) never played with The Vines again, and the band was forbidden to play in the audience of the Triple M station indefinitely. The trial took place on November 19 at the local Balmain court in Sydney, where Craig was accompanied by his brother, Matt Nicholls, and his manager and friend, Andy Kelly. During the trial, it was revealed that Craig suffers from Asperger's Syndrome, detectable in the person by obsessive and slightly antisocial behaviors. This was already known by the guitar technician of Craig in the tours and concerts, the British veteran Tony Bateman, who had already worked with The Cure, Sisters of Mercy and Black Sabbath. He suspected that there was something "weird" in Craig's behavior, and even more so after reading about Asperger's Syndrome on the internet, and then he spoke with Andy Kelly. After this, the judge hearing the case left the musician free, with the condition that he immediately begin treatment for his condition. When leaving the courthouse, Craig shouted "I'm free !!!" (I'm free !!!), and days later he started his treatment. He was under treatment and psychotherapy for about 6 months, during which he abandoned his well-known marijuana and junk food vices; He has talked about this in some interviews and interventions that have made some magazines and television programs.
Clay Marzo - United States
Clay Marzo is a professional surfer known for his unique style of "double articulation" of twists and turns. He was raised in Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii, where he currently resides. March has been acclaimed for his creativity and innovation as a young surfer, and appeared in several films. March was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome, a mild form of autism, in December 2007. Until then, his unconventional behavior at home and on the pro-circuit was often misunderstood by those around him. March did not get along well with his schoolmates or with fans and sponsors, who did not play by the standards set in surf competitions, and was known to be painfully honest. March focuses intensely on his sport and has been described as intuitive and expressive in the water. He is seen constantly rubbing his hands at a rapid pace. Volunteer March with Surfers Healing, a non-profit organization in Malibu, California, that exposes children with autism to surf camps in the United States and Canada.
Glenn Gould - Canada
Glenn Herbert Gould, better known by the name of Glenn Gould, was a Canadian pianist, especially recognized as an interpreter of the sonatas and the Goldberg Variations of Johann Sebastian Bach, as well as the piano works of Arnold Schönberg. Very interested in new technologies, he became a great specialist in recording techniques and was one of the first classical interpreters to experiment with digital techniques. Each recording was prepared in detail as a unique work, and rarely re-recorded any piece, with the notable exception of the Goldberg Variations, whose first version recorded in 1955, at the beginning of his career, and the second in 1981, totally different, shortly before his death, and using digital technology throughout the process. Gould published more than 60 albums with a repertoire that ranged from Bach to Schoenberg, from Beethoven to Shostakovich, whom he popularized in the West. De Bach left an unequaled heritage of recordings. Eccentric and charming, he performed at concerts with mittens, coat, scarf regardless of the heat he made, with a rickety wooden chair with backrest and almost no seat, with the legs cut out that made his nose stay at the height of the keyboard . It is not uncommon to hear his voice singing during the recordings. Naturally endowed with a surprising technique, his recordings are a reference for every musician. A little over twenty years after his death, scientific examinations diagnosed him with Asperger's syndrome. Many people with this disorder believe that Gould had it. The small chair he used identifies it faithfully and has a place of honor in a cabinet in the National Library of Canada.
Dan Aykroyd - Canada
Daniel Edward Aykroyd, is a Canadian writer, actor, comedian, singer and screenwriter. He has done most of his career in the United States. Aykroyd was born into a Catholic family. He even proposed to be ordained a priest but soon it became clear that his inclinations were not going that way, eventually being expelled from the Catholic seminary of the school. Although his sense of humor created a few problems, Aykroyd went to study at Carleton University psychology, political science and criminal sociology. During his studies he made several comic "gags" so he finally decided that comedy would be his professional career. He began touring around Canada, and in 1975 he drew attention with an original and controversial number. He moved to the United States and his leap to fame came through the Saturday Night Live program. Thanks to the fame achieved in television he managed to move to the cinema, where his name soon managed to relate to comedy. His luck in film has been diverse but has achieved several successes like The Ghostbusters (1984), a film that was also the co-writer with another protagonist Harold Ramis. Aykroyd, in addition, has also played other film genres. He demonstrated his talent in the drama with Walking Miss Daisy, and has also had good results in other fields, such as music.
Gary Numan - England
Gary Numan (Gary Anthony James Webb) is a British singer and composer, pioneer of synth pop and electropop. Paciente of Asperger's Syndrome. Gary Numan married Gemma O'Neil, a member of his fan club, a medical profession, who diagnosed him with Asperger's Syndrome. In 2003 they had their first daughter, Raven, and in 2005 their second daughter, Persia, was born. Numan has always had a close relationship with his parents, his fan club and official online store are family businesses managed by themselves.
Vernon Smith - United States
Vernon L. Smith is an American-born economist born in 1927. In 2002, together with Daniel Kahneman, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms. In 2004 Francisco Marroquín University awarded him an honorary doctorate for his contribution to the economy. In addition, said institution created a Center for Experimental Economics Studies that bears his name. He was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome.
Bram Cohen - United States
Bram Cohen is an American computer programmer, better known as the author of the peer-to-peer (P2P) BitTorrent protocol, as well as the first program to use the protocol, known as BitTorrent. He is also the co-founder of CodeCon, co-author of Codeville, and organizer of the P2P-hacker meeting in the San Francisco Bay Area. Cohen grew up on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York, New York. He learned the BASIC programming language at age 5 on the Timex Sinclair team of his family. Cohen passed the American Invitational Mathematics Examination to qualify for the United States of America Mathematical Olympiad (USAMO), while attending Stuyvesant High School in New York City, where he graduated in 1993, and attended the University of New York. Buffalo. He later dropped out of college to work for several dot com companies during the late 1990s, the last being MojoNation with Jim McCoy. MojoNation allows people to break confidential encrypted files and distribute the pieces on computers where the software is also running. If someone wanted to download a copy of this encrypted file, they would have to download it simultaneously from many computers. Cohen thought that this concept was perfect for a file sharing program, since programs like KaZaA take a long time to download a large file because the file comes (usually) from a source (or "peer"). Cohen designed BitTorrent to be able to download files from various sources, speeding up download time, especially for users with faster download speeds than uploads. Thus, the more popular a file is, the faster a user can download it, since many people will be downloading it at the same time, and these people will also upload the data to other users. Cohen says he has Asperger's Syndrome based on a self-diagnosis.
Rafer Alston - United States
Rafer Jamel Alston, also known as Skip To My Lou or Skip 2 My Lou, is a basketball player who is currently a free agent. His last NBA team was the Miami Heat. Diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome. His nickname Skip To My Lou comes from his adventure on the American street basketball tour, the "AND1 Mix Tape Tour", and the ESPN Street Ball program. It was the well-known speaker of And1, Duke Tango, who gave Rafer Alston his nickname. It is common to see him in acts with the players of And1, and he usually plays some games on the tours that the brand carries out every summer. After a recent and tumultuous passage by the Toronto Raptors, Alston was transferred to the Houston Rockets in exchange for the base Mike James the 4 of October of 2005. Although Alston was criticized often by its attitude in Toronto, it is believed that the trainer of the Rockets Jeff Van Gundy chatted with his brother, Miami Heat coach Stan Van Gundy, who coached Alston during the 2003-2004 season, about Alston's work and attitude. The reputation of Jeff Van Gundy as hard and specialist in getting the best out of his pupils previously considered problematic or temperamental allowed Alston to begin a new stage in his career. He suffers from hyperactivity and also suffers from Asperger's syndrome.
Heather Kuzmich - United States
Heather Kuzmich was born on April 19, 1986 in Valparaiso, Indiana. She is a model and student of American art. He recently moved to Chicago, Illinois, where he studies video game design. She is best known for her participation in the ninth season of the America's Next Top Model reality show, where she was the fifth finalist. During the show, it was revealed that Kuzmich suffered from Asperger's Syndrome and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Kuzmich was diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome when she was fifteen years old (Tyra Banks erroneously reported on the show that she was thirteen), when her father died. Heather has stated in interviews that this was a very difficult period of her life. Living with the Asperger, Kuzmich's biggest problems are related to his inability to interact with other people and his communication deficit. Heather is usually associated with a dark and gothic aspect because of her enigmatic personality, which is wrong, although Tyra Banks has publicly admitted that her style reminds her very much of director Tim Burton. The public loves Heather Kuzmich.
Syd Barrett - United Kingdom
Roger Keith Barrett known as Syd Barrett, was one of the founders of the psychedelic and progressive rock group Pink Floyd. He was the leader as singer, guitarist and composer of the band in his first and successful album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (1967). As the fame of Pink Floyd grew, his abuse of psychoactive drugs (especially LSD) was affecting him more and more, becoming unable to perform in concerts or take any responsibility as part of the group. Only three years after the foundation of Pink Floyd, Barrett left the band and tried a brief solo career that was fruitful in two albums, after which he retired, retiring since then in the house of his parents. Pink Floyd survived his loss, but Barrett's mental illness had a profound effect on the lyrics of his new leaders, Roger Waters, and the substitute with Barrett's guitar, David Gilmour, reaching under his baton his greatest hits (Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here, Animals and The Wall) with themes often inspired by the disintegration of their former leader.
Dra. Temple Grandin - United States
Temple Grandin is a zoologist, ethologist, and professor at Colorado State University and a slaughterhouse designer. He received his doctorate in Animal Science at the University of Illinois. She is currently a professor of animal behavior at the University of Colorado. In addition, she is the author of books such as Thinking in Pictures and Interpreting animals. It is a great defender of the welfare of animals, especially the animals exploited by the livestock industry. It has reformed slaughterhouses and ranches throughout the United States in defense of a life and death slightly less painful. It considers that the welfarist measures contribute to the operation of the animal exploitation in a "safe, efficient and profitable" way. Due to his condition of autism, he considers that the thought of a person with this condition is a kind of stop between animal and human thinking. This has led to experimentation and deepen not only in ethology but also in neuropsychology.
Susan Boyle - United Kingdom
Susan Magdalane Boyle is a singer and volunteer of a Scottish Catholic church that was unveiled on April 11, 2009, when she appeared as a contestant on the third season of the British television show Britain's Got Talent. Boyle jumped almost immediately to world fame when he sang "I Dreamed a Dream" from the musical The Miserable. Before she sang, the audience and the judges seemed to express skepticism about her appearance and age. Instead, his voice was so prominent that he immediately received the ovation of the audience, drawing to himself the votes of judges Simon Cowell and Amanda Holden, and the "greatest yes I have given anyone" of Piers Morgan. In less than half a year he has sold almost 10 million copies of his first album worldwide, becoming the best-selling album in 2009 and the best-selling album in 2010. In January and February 2010 he was given a gold record for sell in Mexico and Spain respectively, the amount of 30,000 copies of his album. In addition, he released his album The Gift that same year with the same success as the previous one. Also in 2011, he released his third album Someone to Watch Over Me. At the moment it has sold more than 16 million discs in its 3 albums. Susan was born when her mother was 47 years old. She had a difficult birth, in which Boyle was briefly deprived of oxygen, and in which it was mistakenly thought to cause mild brain damage, she was diagnosed with learning difficulties. Susan Boyle herself clarified that she suffers from Asperger's Syndrome. "It was a wrong diagnosis when I was a little girl, I was told I had brain damage, I always knew it was an unfair label, I now understand what was wrong and I feel relieved and a little more relaxed with myself." He started singing when he was 12 years old; I used to sing in choirs and at school concerts. She is a devout Catholic who participates in the activities of her parish, including singing. When explaining her visit to the doctor last year, the singer said: "I went in search of a Scottish specialist's diagnosis, nobody told me to do it, I thought I had a more serious illness because I did not behave well". During her visit to the specialist, the singer was subjected to a series of simple tests, which showed, in addition, that her IQ is above the average level and that it is not related to Asperger's syndrome. Boyle admitted that his problem will not change his life, because it is a situation with which he will have "to live".
Satoshi Tajiri - Japan
Satoshi Tajiri is a Japanese video game designer, creator of Pocket Monsters (Pokémon). In his childhood, Tajiri liked to collect insects, a pastime that proved to be the inspiration for his later work.2 In fact, the other children called him "Dr. Insecto" and wanted to be an entomologist. While the urban areas of Japan grew, many of the places to hunt insects disappeared. Tajiri wanted his games to allow children to have the same feeling of catching and collecting creatures that he had in his childhood. The character of Ash Ketchum (Satoshi in Japan), is a version of Tajiri when he was a child. During his adolescence, Tajiri became fascinated with Arcade games, however his parents thought badly of him for that behavior. He particularly liked playing Taito's Space Invaders, which led him to discover other games, eventually Tajiri wanted to create his own video games. He took his Famicom console and disarmed it to see how it worked and ended up winning a contest for a videogame idea sponsored by Sega. Thanks to his fascination with video games, Tajiri frequently missed classes. Due to this, it almost does not get to graduate. His father tried to get him a job at the Electric Power Company of Tokyo, but Tajiri rejected the job and managed to get his classes back and get the high school diploma. Tajiri did not go to university, however he did a two-year technical career at the National Technological School of Tokyo, where he studied electronically. Years later, when the video game company Nintendo released its Game Boy product, Satoshi presented his project, the leaders accepted it but did not show great enthusiasm. The idea, based on the insects he collected as a child, was to catch and collect monsters, which was novel at the time. While the idea of exchanging them came when Tajiri observed two children playing the Game Boy close to each other. It was not until Shigeru Miyamoto, the creator of "Super Mario Bros.", appeared that the project was not made more dynamic. Miyamoto became a kind of master for Tajiri, who as a tribute called Shigeru (Blue) the rival of Satoshi (Red), the main characters of this first version of the game Pokémon. Finally, after 6 years of work, the first two versions of Pokémon for Game Boy came to light. To support their release, they released a set of cards and various comics. But the success did not come until Nintendo announced that there was a Pokémon that was named # 151 that was added to the list of 150 existing Pokémon, and that only the best coaches could capture. It was then that he obtained the fame that led to his leap to the United States and from there to the world becoming the success he is now.
Marcelo "Chino" Ríos - Chile
Marcelo Andrés Ríos Mayorga is a former Chilean tennis player, nicknamed El Chino and El Zurdo de Vitacura. For his achievements and talent he is considered the best athlete in the history of Chile. During some weeks of the year 1998 he became the first Ibero-American to be No. 1 in the world ranking in the individual classification of access to the ATP tournaments, 1. The eccentric personality of Marcelo has resulted in a series of controversies. Here are some of them: At the 1997 Los Angeles Tournament he was disqualified and fined $ 5,000 for saying "fuck you" to the match referee. Monica Seles accused him of saying "move your fat ass", although he denied it. In a confusing incident, he ran over his physical trainer Manuel Astorga, leaving him seriously injured in one foot. After this, Astorga was dismissed as a physical trainer. In 1998 he was fined $ 10,000 for driving at speed during the Stuttgart tournament. When he reached No. 1 in the world ranking, he immediately fired his coach Larry Stefanki. When he was No. 1, a reporter asked him a question trying to compare his achievements with those of another prominent Latin American tennis player, Guillermo Vilas (who had a brilliant career reaching several records that still remain unbroken, but whose best location in the ranking of the ATP was number 2). Marcelo Ríos answered: "I do not know Vilas, I only know that he was No. 2 and I am No. 1." At the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, he was chosen by the Chilean delegation as the national standard-bearer at the opening ceremony . However, he refused at the last minute to do so on the grounds that his parents had not been invited to the ceremony by the delegation. Nicolás Massú took his place. After a magazine published photos of him dancing sensually with a woman in a discoteque in Paris, his girlfriend Guiliana Sotela finished with him. Then, during a press conference, he read a letter apologizing to Giuliana and ended up in tears. The year 2001 in Rome, he was arrested for hitting the nose of a taxi driver and then fighting with the policeman who was trying to arrest him. He won several times the Roland Garros lemon prize for being the most unfriendly player. He has questioned his entry to the veterans tour for being only 30 years old. Its controversial arrival to the tour caused that the player John McEnroe proposed the 35 years like minimum age to compete like senior, after to have lost the supremacy and the protagonism of the match in the hands of the Chilean. He tried to pull his pants down in front of some reporters who were recording while he was partying outside his apartment in Reñaca. He had an argument with Ilie Năstase because he refused to take a picture with his son, which provoked the anger and contempt of the Romanian player. Marcelo Rios is a genius, recognized throughout the world for his abilities on the field, the best Chilean of all time and one of the most talented players in history, but his poor social behavior has been studied and it is presumed that Rios I could suffer from Asperger's syndrome. Apart from sporting achievements, Marcelo Ríos was recognized worldwide for his low tolerance for the press and his limited social life, this made him worth two consecutive years with the lemon award given to the less-loved tennis player at Roland Garros, similar attitudes that recognize an Asperger, spectacular people in what they do but can not lead a socially active life.
Nikola Tesla - Austrohungarian Empire
Nikola Tesla was an inventor, mechanical engineer, electrical engineer and physicist of Serbian origin and the most important promoter of the birth of commercial electricity. He is known, above all, for his numerous and revolutionary inventions in the field of electromagnetism, developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Tesla's patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern systems of electrical power by alternating current (AC), including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor, which both contributed to the birth of the Second Industrial Revolution.
Tim Burton - United States
Timothy "Tim" Walter Burton is an American director, producer, writer and designer. Most of his films have been characterized by the presence of imaginary worlds where Gothic and dark elements are usually present, whose protagonists are usually maladjusted and enigmatic beings. This stamp of identity is evident in films like Batman and The Nightmare Before Christmas, the latter was produced by him. He acquired great fame when directing successful films among which are Edward Scissorhands and Charlie and the chocolate factory. Since he directed his first feature film (The Great Adventure of Pee-Wee) in 1985, he has gone on to direct and produce numerous films, some of which have been remarkably awarded. With Corpse Bride he was an Oscar nominee for the best animated film in 2006. He often works with his close friend Johnny Depp, musician Danny Elfman and his partner Helena Bonham Carter. On March 15, 2010 Tim received the Medal of the Order of Arts and Letters of France. In 1989, Burton married the German artist Lena Gieseke, which ended up divorcing shortly after the filming of Batman Returns. Later he was engaged to Lisa Marie from 1992 to 2001. Since then he has a relationship with Helena Bonham Carter and they have two children: a boy named Billy-Ray Burton - born in October 2003 and whose godfather is Burton's friend, Johnny Depp - , and a girl, named Nell, born on December 15, 2007 -. It should be noted that Bonham Carter has appeared in all Burton films since 2001. The couple lives in separate houses in London and connected through a tunnel. When Bonham Carter was asked in Friday Night with Jonathan Ross about this information, he revealed that they live in two houses connected by a corridor and that he does sleep in another room, given that Burton snores. On one occasion, Bonham Carter has commented that the reason for her fiancé's unique style and vision of direction is that she claims that Burton suffers from Asperger's Syndrome, an unusual form of autism. He has said that this has helped inspire his creativity and is not a defect but a great virtue. On the other hand, Burton currently has no relationship with his brother Daniel, while his father, Bill - a former minor league baseball player - died in October 2000 during the filming of Planet of the Apes, and his mother, Jean, passed away in March of 2002. Vanity Fair published the list of the Top 40 Hollywood celebrities with the highest income throughout 2010. Burton was ranked No. 6 on the list, won an estimated $ 53 million for his films .
Bill Gates - United States
William Henry Gates III (Seattle, Washington, October 28, 1955), better known as Bill Gates, is an American businessman and philanthropist, co-founder of the Microsoft software company. He is currently the second richest man in the world, with a fortune estimated at 72.7 billion dollars. He is married to Melinda Gates, and both hold the leadership of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, dedicated to rebalancing opportunities in health and education at the local level, especially in the less favored regions, 6 which is why they have been awarded the Prince Prize of Asturias of International Cooperation 2006.
Steven Spielberg - United States
Steven Allan Spielberg (Cincinnati, Ohio, December 18, 1946), known as Steven Spielberg, is a US director, screenwriter, film producer and video game designer. He is one of the most recognized and popular directors in the global film industry. He has been a candidate seven times for the Oscar Awards in the category of best director, winning the award twice, with Schindler's List (1993) and Saving Private Ryan (1998) and three of his films (1975 Jaws, ET: the Extra-Terrestrial of 1982 and Jurassic Park of 1993) achieved record of box offices, becoming the highest-grossing films at the time. He has also been decorated with the Order of the British Empire and the National Humanities Medal. A great comic book fan, he has a large collection, which includes number 1 of Mad magazine. In the world of entertainment, he is known as "King Midas of Hollywood". According to Forbes magazine, Spielberg's fortune exceeds 3 billion US dollars. Vanity Fair published the list of the Top 40 Hollywood celebrities with the highest revenues throughout 2010. Spielberg was ranked No. 3 on the list, won an estimated $ 80 million
Isaac Newton - England
Isaac Newton was a physicist, philosopher, theologian, inventor, alchemist and English mathematician, author of the Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, better known as the Principia, where he described the law of universal gravitation and established the foundations of classical mechanics through laws that bear his name. Among his other scientific discoveries are the works on the nature of light and optics (which are presented mainly in his work Opticks) and the development of mathematical calculation. He discovered the "Law of Gravity" when he was sitting under a tree and an apple fell on his head. In the case of Newton, it is known that he suffered from epilepsy and stuttered.
Albert Einstein - Germany
Albert Einstein was a German physicist of Jewish origin, nationalized after Swiss and American. He is considered to be the most important scientist of the 20th century. Manuel Alfonseca quantifies the importance of 1000 scientists of all times and, on a scale of 1 to 8, Einstein and Freud are the only ones of the 20th century to reach the maximum score; also qualifies Einstein as "the most popular and known scientist of the twentieth century" Einstein in the early twentieth century formulated "The theory of relativity" which is composed roughly by two major theories (the special relativity and the general relativity) that sought to resolve the incompatibility between Newtonian mechanics and electromagnetism. Winner and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics (1921), "for his contributions to theoretical physics and, especially, for the discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect." In the case of Einstein, for example, it is said that he did not speak until he was 3 or 4 years old, and he did not speak fluently until he was 9. He was a child with violent tantrums, who repeated every sentence he said and even his parents considered him retarded. .