UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is an agency of the United Nations Organization ( UN ), founded in 1945. UNESCO signed in 1972, in Paris, the "Convention on the protection of the cultural and natural world heritage ", according to which" A Well declared World Heritage Site is a legacy of the international community and its presence in a given country requires this country an increase in imagination, concerns and expenses to achieve its protection and defense. " These are, in alphabetical order, some of the most beautiful cities in Mexico that, among others, have been declared World Heritage Sites .
Calakmul is a Mayan pre-Hispanic urban center located in the State of Campeche, Peten region, in the center of the Calakmul biosphere reserve, with more than 700,000 ha, bordering Guatemala. It is a very important archaeological site, which was part of one of the main powers of the Mayan culture.
San Francisco de Campeche is the capital of Eastern Campeche and the seat of the City Council of the same name. It is a historic fortified city located along the Gulf of Mexico, in the Yucatan Peninsula. It is famous for being one of the few fortified cities in America and the only one in Mexico. Its historical heritage is preserved in excellent condition, and that is one of the reasons why it was declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity by Unesco in 1999.
The historic center of Mexico is the part around which the current city developed. In 1987, UNESCO registered it as a World Cultural Heritage . It continues to be the economic and political heart of the city, despite the current proportions of the latter, because of the importance and richness of its monuments, since it is considered the most outstanding historical center of America.
Its historic center houses a multitude of cultural places: museums, theaters, galleries, libraries, amphitheaters and concert halls. The Hospicio Cabañas of the 18th century, the Degollado Theater -which is the oldest in Mexico-, the Diana Theater and the Galleries. Hospicio Cabañas, which houses some of José Clemente Orozco's paintings, was declared the World Heritage site in 1997.
Historically and culturally, it is one of the most important cities in the country, and the atmosphere that emanates from its ancient buildings captivates visitors. Their "students" (festive and carnival societies) are known. Its communications of underground streets and tunnels make the state capital a unique attraction in the world. For its historical monuments and adjacent mines, Guanajuato was declared a cultural heritage city of mankind by UNESCO in December 1988.
The historic center of Morelia is located in the State of Michoacán, and was classified as a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1991. It was built in the 16th century, and was the cradle of several important figures of independent Mexico, playing a role Important in the history of the country. The historic center is the only one that does not have a "zócalo" (Plaza Mayor).
Oaxaca and the archaeological site of Monte Albán were declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1987, especially for its beauty and for the great example of Spanish colonial urbanism. The archaeological site was successively occupied by various towns for fifteen centuries. The buildings were literally sculpted on the mountain and are symbols of a sacred topography.
The historic center of Puebla, in the State of the same name, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 by UNESCO. The city of Puebla de Zaragoza, at the foot of the Popocatepetl volcano, was founded in 1531. The historic center maintains almost all of its Spanish colonial architecture.
These are the Franciscan missions of the Sierra Gorda (2003) and the area of historical monuments of Querétaro (1996). According to Unesco's criteria for registration as World Heritage of Humanity, the missions are the witness to the considerable exchange of influences during the process of colonization in central and northern Mexico, and also in the west (which is currently American territory).
San Miguel de Allende
It is a city located in the State of Guanajuato. Located at 1910 meters of altitude, it is located less than 300 km from the Mexican capital. Under the name of "Fortified Villa of San Miguel" and Sanctuary of Jesus Nazareno Atotonilco, it was considered a World Heritage Site for its Mexican Baroque cultural and architectural contribution and its importance in the struggle for independence from Spain.
This pre-Columbian city was given the title of World Heritage Site, as an exceptional testimony of the greatness of the pre-Columbian cultures of Mexico and the exceptional example of architecture. On December 14, 1992, the pre-Hispanic headquarters of El Tajín, located in the northern region of the State of Veracruz, was thus recognized by Unesco.
Teotihuacan (place where the gods were born or city of the gods) is the name of what was one of the largest cities of pre-Hispanic times. The name is of Nahuatl origin and was used by the Aztecs, but the name given to its inhabitants is unknown. The area of archaeological monuments was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 by UNESCO.
As Unesco says: "The urban architecture of Tlacotalpan represents the fusion of Spanish and Caribbean traditions of exceptional importance and quality ... Its exceptional character lies in its urban landscape of wide streets, modest homes but with a variety of styles and lush colors, and the numerous trees in public and private spaces. "
It is one of the 16 Mexican federal districts. It is located in southeastern Mexico. Its origins date back to pre-Hispanic times. In its origins, Xochimilco was an important city-state, submitted by the Aztecs in the fifteenth century. During the colonial period and the first years of the independence of Mexico, the territory became the pantry of Mexico City.
It is the capital of the State of the same name, founded on September 8, 1546. After the discovery of the rich silver mines by Juan de Tolosa in 1548, it was named Real de Minas de Nuestra Señora de Zacatecas for the important economic contribution to the Spanish Crown. In 1993, its historic center was classified by Unesco World Heritage Site by its design, its heritage and its architectural history.
World Heritage Cities of Mexico collects some of the most beautiful cities in Mexico distinguished by Unesco. If you are lucky enough to meet any of them, or even to live there, we will thank you for your comments!