The best islands in the world
In the world there are more than 5,000 islands. They are usually places that are associated with tranquility, relaxation and paradisiacal beaches. But an island also offers wonderful forests, its people, its kindness. I leave you with a selection of the best islands in the world. LIST DEDICATED TO PHYTODENAPOLS & SERGIO LUCAS You can add the islands you want
The Indonesia Nest
Nestled between a lush four-hectare forest and a calm, shallow lagoon, Lagen Island in El Nido, Northern Palawan, is an ideal destination for those seeking a relaxing holiday in a private and tranquil island.
Roatan Island Honduras
Roatán is one of the most popular places in Honduras for those looking for that perfect tropical vacation. There are direct flights to Roatan from Italy, Canada and the United States, and those on vacation from the latter are happy to find that the main language spoken in Roatan is English. The island of Roatán is loaded with white sand beaches and surrounded by coral reefs, which makes it a paradise for diving and snorkeling. And if you are looking for a hotel in Roatán on your own, the offer is excellent and first class.
Yakushima is one of the islands of Japan which is affiliated with the prefecture of Kagoshima, has an uneven pentagon shape and has an extension of 504.88 km², also has an estimated population of 15,000 inhabitants.
Soledad Island (America)
Archipelago: Falkland Islands Country: United Kingdom Information: Soledad Island (East Falkland in English) is the largest area of the Falkland Islands archipelago. It is located in the southern Atlantic Ocean and has an area of 6,353 km² and a population of 2,000 inhabitants, the majority of the total population of the archipelago. The vast majority of the approximately 1,500 residents of Soledad Island live in the Malvinense capital, Puerto Argentino / Stanley, which is also the main port of the territory. There are other locations on the island, such as Puerto Luis, Puerto Darwin, San Carlos, Salvador, Johnson's Harbor, Fitzroy, Mare Harbor, and Prado del Ganso. The main activities are fishing, sheep farming, tourism and government administrative tasks. Soledad Island is under British administration as part of the Falkland Islands Overseas Territory. It is also claimed by Argentina, as an integral part of the South Atlantic Islands Department of the Province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands.
Archipelago: Bahamas Country: Bahamas Information: Acklins is an island and district of Bahamas. It is part of a group of islands located in the so-called Acklins marine basin, of which the largest is Crooked Island (76 square miles) in the north and Acklins (120 sq mi) in the southeast, and the smallest are Cayo Largo [(once known as Fortune Island) 8sq mi] in the northwest, and the Island Castle in the south. The islands were colonized by Americans loyal to the British Crown in the late 1780s who established cotton plantations, and employed more than 1,000 slaves. After the abolition of slavery in the British Empire, these activities became economically unprofitable, so that the inhabitants developed a fishing and agriculture activity and traded with small-scale sponges. The main city in the group is Colonel Hill on Crooked Island. Albert Town, in Cayo Largo, now sparsely populated, was once a thriving small town. It also served as a port for the transfer of dockers in search of work on ships in transit. The population has declined significantly, from 1561 inhabitants in 1901 to 428 in Acklins, in the 2000 census. In 2000, Crooked Island also had 350 people. It is believed that the first Post Office in the Bahamas was located in Pitt's Town on Crooked Island. The islands of Crooked and Acklins have been identified with the island called "Isabela" by Christopher Columbus on his First Trip to America.
Ilha Grande in Rio de Janeiro
Florida Islands (Oceania)
Archipelago: Solomon Islands Country: Solomon Islands Information: The Florida Islands (or Nggela Islands) are a small group of islands in the Central province of Solomon Islands, an island country of the Pacific Ocean. The most important islands of the group are Nggela Sule (or Florida Island), Tulagi, Gavutu and Tanambogo. The islands were strategically important during World War II, especially in the Battle of Guadalcanal. The islands were dominated by Japan and were attacked, and liberated, by the United States. Subsequently, the islands would be used as a base for US seaplanes.
Archipelago: It has no Country: Tunisia Information: Djerba, also known as Los Gelves, Gelves, Jerba or Djerba (جربة in Arabic), is an island in North Africa belonging to Tunisia, 514 km². It is located in the Gulf of Gabés, off the coast of that North African country and is currently known for exclusive and luxury tourism.
San Cristobal Island (America)
Archipelago: Lesser Antilles Country: Saint Kitts and Nevis Information: Saint Kitts (in English Saint Christopher and Saint Kitts) is one of the two main islands that make up the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, in the Lesser Antilles archipelago, at sea Caribbean. The constitution (written in English) accepts the names Saint Christopher and Nevis (Saint Kitts and Nevis) and Saint Kitts and Nevis (Saint Kitts and Nevis). The island has about 35,000 inhabitants and a total area of 179 km². The main population of the island is Basseterre, with about 16,000 inhabitants, and is the capital of the Federation.
Christmas Island (Oceania)
Archipelago: It has no Country: Australia Information: The Territory of Christmas Island (in English Territory of Christmas Island), is a territory without self-government of Australia in the Indian Ocean, 2,360 km northwest of Perth, in the state of Australia Western, 360 km south of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia and 975 km from the Cocos Islands. About 1,500 people live on the island, divided into villages at the northern end of it. The settlements are called: Silver City, Kampong, Poon Saan and Drumsite. It covers an emerging area of 135 km², with the administrative capital being the town called Flying Fish Cove «(The Settlement)» (The colony). The geographical isolation of the island and a very low human disturbance have allowed the development and endurance to this day of high levels of endemic flora and fauna, which is of special interest to scientists and naturalists. The phosphate originally deposited by the accumulation of dead marine organisms (not guano as is often thought), was extracted from the island for many years. 63% of its surface is a National Park.
Pangkor Island (Asia)
Archipelago: It has no Country: Malaysia Information: Pangkor Island (in Malay: Pulau Pangkor) is an island off the coast of the state of Perak in the northwest of the Malacca Peninsula, in Malaysia, 2 is accessible by ferry from Lumut (a small coastal town that links it to Ipoh, or from Sitiawan). It has an area of only 8 square kilometers and a population of about 25,000 islanders. It is highly promoted as a low-intensity tourist destination by the Malaysian government, but fishery products remain the main industries. Historically, Pangkor was a refuge for local fishermen, merchants and pirates. In the 17th century, the Dutch built a fort in an effort to control Perak's tin trade. In 1874, the island was the place where a historical treaty was signed between the British government and an aspirant to the throne of Perak (The Pangkor Treaty), which began British colonial domination in the Malay Peninsula.
Archipelago: The Dodecanese Country: Greece Information: The island of Rhodes (in Greek Ρóδος, Ródos) is the largest Greek island in the Dodecanese archipelago. The capital of the island is also called Rhodes. Administratively, it forms the peripheral unit of Rhodes.
Archipelago: Cook Islands Country: Cook Islands Information: Rarotonga is the most populated island in the Cook Islands, with 9,500 inhabitants. The island is approximately in the geographical coordinates 21 ° 0′S 160 ° 0′O. It houses the parliament buildings of the Cook Islands and the Rarotonga International Airport. Because Rarotonga is the most populous island, the islanders are sometimes referred to as rarotonganos, although they may come from one of the other 15 islands, such as Aitutaki or Mangaia. Rarotonga rises 4,500 meters from the ocean floor. The perimeter of the island measures about 32 km. At approximately 4,000 meters deep, the volcano is about 50 km in diameter. The point of the island with the highest elevation above sea level is 658 meters. The main population center of the island, known as Avarua, is the administrative center of the Cook Islands, which also has an international airport. There is the cultivation of fruit trees (lemons, tropical pineapples, coconuts, bananas).
Guadalupe Island (America)
Archipelago: Small Antilles Country: Antigua and Barbuda Information: Guadeloupe (Guadeloupe in French) is a small archipelago of the Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea that forms an overseas department of France and an outermost region of the European Union. It is 600 km north of the coasts of South America and southeast of the Dominican Republic. Formerly it was called Karukera, which meant "the island of beautiful waters." Christopher Columbus gave him his current name in honor of the Virgin Santa Maria de Guadalupe, Extremadura, Spain. Popularly, in the local Creole culture it is called Gwada.
Santay Island (Guayaquil)
Santay Island, one of the best preserved tourist destinations in the province of Guayas, between the city of Guayaquil and Durán, has a tilting bridge where you can do sports, bike trips to the interior of the Island with exit to the other The end of the Island, within Santay Island, the settlers keep the crocodile very attractive to foreign and domestic tourists.
Archipelago: British Isles Country: United Kingdom Information: Scotland (in English, Scotland; in Scottish Gaelic, Alba; in Scottish language, Scotland) is the northernmost of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom. Together with England and Wales, it is part of the island of Great Britain, covering a third of its total area; It also consists of more than 790 islands. It borders to the north and west with the Atlantic Ocean; to the east with the North Sea, to the south with England and to the southwest with the North Channel and the Irish Sea. The Scottish territory covers 78,772 km2, and its population is estimated at 5,116,900 inhabitants, which gives a population density of 65 inhabitants per km2. The capital is Edinburgh, Glasgow being the largest city and whose metropolitan area accounts for 40% of the total Scottish population. Scotland takes its name from "Scotus", Latin term meaning "Irish" (the plural form is "Scoti", "Irish") .This refers to the Gaelic colonizers of Ireland, a country that the Romans initially called "Scotia" ( feminine form of "Scotus") .The Irish who colonized present-day Scotland were known as "Scoti". The Romans of the Middle Ages used the name "Caledonia" to refer to present-day Scotland. The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent state until 1707, the date on which the Act of Union with England was signed, to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. The union was not an alteration of Scotland's own legal system, which has since been different from that of Wales, England and Northern Ireland, so it is considered in international law as a distinct legal entity. The survival of their own laws, and a differentiated educational and religious system are part of the Scottish culture and its development over the centuries. Emerged in the nineteenth century, Scottish independence has gained influence since the late twentieth century; Represented by the Scottish National Party (SNP, National Party of Scotland), which advocates for the independence of Scotland, won the absolute majority in the Scottish Parliament in the May 2011 elections.
Fernando de Noronha (America)
Archipelago: Fernando de Noronha Country: Brazil Information: They have been declared a National Marine Park by the government of the country, and therefore human presence in them is prohibited, except for scientific research purposes. Its location is 3 ° 50 'S, 32 ° 24' W. In 2001, the archipelago was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
Archipelago: Indonesia Country: Indonesia Information: Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (in Indonesian: Republik Indonesia) is an island country located between Southeast Asia and Oceania. The Indonesian archipelago comprises about 17,508 islands, where more than 237 million people live, making Indonesia the fourth most populous country in the world. In addition, Indonesia is the country with the most Muslims on the planet. Indonesia is a republic, with a legislative power and a president elected by suffrage and the government is headquartered in the city of Jakarta, the capital. Despite being an archipelago, the country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia. Other countries near Indonesia include Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines, Palau, Australia and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for world trade since the seventh century, when the kingdom of Srivijaya began trade with China and India. Gradually, local rulers adopted the culture, religion and political model of the Indians, and in the 1st century AD. C. several Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms began to flourish in the region. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers that sought to exploit their natural resources. After Muslim merchants carried Islam, and during the era of discovery, the European powers began to dispute the monopoly of the spice trade in the Moluccas. After three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia gained its independence shortly after World War II. Since then, Indonesia's history has been turbulent, facing the great challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, the democratization process and periods of economic change.
Archipelago: Does not have Country: Singapore Information: The Republic of Singapore (in English: Republic of Singapore; in Chinese: 新加坡 共和国, Xīnjīapō Gònghéguó; in Malay: Republik Singapura; in Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு, Siṅkappūr Kuṭiyarasu) is an island and city -state located south of the State of Johor on the Malaysian Peninsula and north of the Riau Islands of Indonesia, separated from them by a strait. With 707.1 km², it is the smallest country in Southeast Asia. Singapore is the fourth largest financial center in the world, and plays a leading role in international trade and the world economy. In addition, it is the second country with the highest population density in the world, after Monaco. In Sanskrit singha means lion, and pure, city, so Singapore is translated by city of lions.
Archipelago: Polynesia Country: Independent State of Samoa Information: The Independent State of Samoa (Bad Tuto'atasi or Samoa and Sisifo) or Samoa (German Samoa from 1900 to 1914, and Western Samoa from 1914 to 1997) is a country that comprises a group of islands belonging to the Polynesian archipelago towards the south Pacific, in the latitude of northern Australia.
Ometepe Island (America)
Archipelago: It has no Country: Nicaragua Information: The island of Ometepe, also called Ōmetepētl (two mountains, in Nahuatl language) is located in Nicaragua, within Lake Cocibolca or Great Lake of Nicaragua. Administratively the island belongs to the department of Rivas.
Sri Lanka (Asia)
Archipelago: Does not have Country: Sri Lanka Information: The Socialist Democratic Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා ප්රජාතාන්ත්රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය, Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya, Tamil: இலங்கை சனநாயக சோஷலிசக் I, Ilaṅkai caṉanāyaka cōṣalisak Ku uniyarasu country is located un insular country) Southeast India in Asia. Until 1972 it was called Ceylon. Originally known as Heladiva, it is inhabited by more than twenty million people. The island was known in ancient times as Lanka, Lankadvīpa, Simoundou, Taprobane, Serendib and Selan, becoming popularly known as the "Island of a thousand names." During its colonization, the island took the name, in English, of Ceylon, which was subsequently used. Its particular shape and its proximity to India made it be called the "Tear of India." Due to its location on the road of the main sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic naval link between West Asia and Southeast Asia, and has been a center of the Buddhist religion and culture of antiquity. Today it is a multireligious and multiethnic country, in which almost a third of the population is a follower of religions other than Buddhism, especially Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. The Sinhalese community are the majority. The Tamils, which are concentrated in the north and east of the island, constitute the most important ethnic minority. Other communities include Arab Muslims, Malays and Burghers. Famous for the production and export of tea, coffee, rubber and coconut, Sri Lanka has a progressive and modern industrial economy and the highest per capita income in South Asia. Sri Lanka's natural beauty in tropical forests, beaches and landscape, as well as its rich cultural heritage, make it a world-famous tourist destination. After more than two thousand years of local governments by kingdoms, parts of Sri Lanka were colonized by Portugal and the Netherlands from the 16th century, before the control of the entire country was ceded to the British Empire in 1815. During the World War II, Sri Lanka served as an important base for the Allied forces in the fight against the Japanese Empire. A nationalist political movement emerged in the country in the early twentieth century in order to gain political independence, which was finally granted by the British after the peace negotiations in 1948. The history of Sri Lanka has been marked for more than two decades for an ethnic conflict between the national government and the Tigres Liberation movement of the Tamil Eelam (LTIG). At the beginning of 2002, the two sides in conflict agreed to a ceasefire, which was repeatedly broken by both parties. At the beginning of 2009 the national government initiated an offensive against the Tigers that lasted several months and resulted in the annihilation of the guerrillas and the death of their high command, but at a very high cost of civilian lives.
Archipelago: British Isles Country: Ireland Information: Ireland (in Irish: Éire, [ˈeːɾʲə]; in English: Ireland) is a sovereign country member of the European Union, which occupies most of the island of the same name. It retains three of its four historical provinces: Leinster (in Irish: Laighin), Connacht (in Irish: Connachta) and Munster (in Irish: An Mhumhain) being the Ulster the fourth (in Irish: Cúige Uladh) whose largest extension, known as Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. Its capital is Dublin (in Irish: Dan Átha Cliath and in English: Dublin). In 1949 the Irish State was declared as the Republic of Ireland (in English Republic of Ireland, in Irish Poblacht na hÉireann).
Archipelago: Seychelles Country: Seychelles Information: The Republic of Seychelles is a group of 115 islands located in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar, with a total area of 455 km². It belongs to the Commonwealth of Nations. Its capital is Victoria, the only city in the archipelago, located on Mahé Island and inhabited by a third of the population. It has the only international airport and port in the country, which receives flights from the most important international airports in the world, since the main source of foreign exchange in the country is tourism. One of Victoria's main attractions is the Botanical Garden, where you can see specimens of giant tortoises that are endemic to these islands (for example: the giant Aldabra turtle; Geochelone gigantea), and that although they are smaller in size, they are very Similar to the turtle species present in the Galapagos Islands, other giant turtle species of the Seychelles are the Seychelles giant turtle (Dipsochelys hololissa) and the Arnold giant turtle (Dipsochelys arnoldi) both critically endangered are currently subject to extinction of a captive breeding program and reintroduction by the Seychelles Nature Protection Association. The predominant ethnic group is the seychellois of African and French roots, but there are also Chinese and Indian minorities. The majority of the population profess Catholicism, 8% of the population are Anglicans and there are 2% of different religions. Seychelles is what is known as a tropical paradise. The islands retain their natural beauty, with beautiful beaches and a sea with excellent conditions for diving enthusiasts. It has a tropical climate with temperatures that annually range between 25 and 30 ° C, with very rainy months from November to May when they are reached by monsoon winds.
Archipelago: Lesser Antilles Country: Barbados Information: Barbados is a nation island located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the Lesser Antilles. It stands out for being the fifth most developed country in America, only after the United States, Canada, Chile and Uruguay; In addition to the first black majority country to average a very high human development index.
Archipelago: It has no Country: Puerto Rico information: Vieques is an island-municipality of Puerto Rico, located 10 kilometers southeast of the "Big Island." Mother Island, the pregnant island broke its pain in the sea; Mother Island opened its entrails and Nena Island was born. The Nena Island, named for the Puerto Rican bard Luis Llorens Torres, combines beauty and history in a territory 33 kilometers long and 7.2 kilometers wide. The word Vieques derives from the Indo-Indian language and means 'small land'. For other authors, it comes from Bieque, a Taíno chieftain who inhabited the island. English settlers from neighboring islands called Vieques Crab Island because of the abundance of crabs. However, Vieques first appeared on the maps in 1527 with its current name. In reality, there is no consensus on the origin of the name, certainly Taino. The landscape dominates the mount of the Pirate (301 meters), to the west, and the Matías Hill (138 m.), To the east. Surrounding the central mountains, extensive lagoons and mangrove swamps populate the coast, as well as coral reefs.
Unforgettable sunsets and fantastic sunsets. Located in a small archipelago of volcanic islands, Santorini is considered one of the most beautiful islands in the world.
Archipelago: Greater Antilles Country: Jamaica Information: Jamaica is an island belonging to the Greater Antilles, has 240 km long and a maximum of 80 km wide, located in the Caribbean Sea. It is 630 km from the Central American subcontinent, 150 km south of Cuba and 180 km west of the island of Hispaniola, which includes Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Previously it was a Spanish possession known as "Santiago", in 1655 it became an English possession, and later a British colony, known as "Jamaica". The island attains full independence on August 6, 1962. With 2.8 million people, it is the third most populous English-speaking country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada. It is part of the commonwealth of nations or "Commonwealth"; in accordance with the constitutional monarchy system. The executive power is held by Queen Elizabeth II who in turn becomes the current head of state and queen of Jamaica. Kingston is the largest city in the country and the capital.
Arousa Island (Europe)
Archipelago: Sunda Minor Islands Country: Indonesia Information: The island of Bali is an island and a province of Indonesia. It is the westernmost of the minor islands of the Sonda, and is located in a chain, with Java to the west and Lombok to the east. The island is a popular tourist destination and is known, like Java, for its delicate arts, which include dance, sculpture, painting, goldsmithing, furs and a particular musical style, especially the one played during the gamelan. Apart from being a tourist destination, it is a meeting point for wholesalers (fashion, jewelry, footwear, furniture, decoration, etc.) from all over the world, who buy on the island to export later to their countries of origin. Bali together with the Indonesian capital will host Miss World 2013.
Archipelago: Greenland Country: Denmark Information: Greenland (in Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat) is a large island that is politically constituted as an autonomous region belonging to the Kingdom of Denmark. Its political boundaries correspond to the island of the same name, located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. More than 84% of its surface is covered with ice, and is considered the second largest island in the world after Australia. Geographically it belongs to North America, but politically the island is European. Its capital is Nuuk. Greenland has been inhabited, although not continuously, since 2,500 BC by indigenous peoples. In 986 AD it is populated by the Nordic people until the fifteenth century. It is at the beginning of the 18th century when contact between Scandinavia and Greenland is reestablished. Greenland officially became a Danish colony in 1814 after being under Norwegian-Danish power for centuries. Since the Constitution of Denmark in 1953, Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark with a relationship known as Rigsfællesskabet (Commonwealth of the Crown) In 1979 Denmark grants autonomy, and in 2008 transfers most of the powers that the Danish government had to Greenlandic local government. This transfer was made the following year, leaving for Denmark the powers of foreign affairs, security and financial policy, and providing a subsidy to the country of 633 million dollars, which meant $ 11,300 dollars per person, annually. The current prime minister is Kuupik Kleist.
Archipelago: British Isles Country: United Kingdom Information: England (in English, England) is one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom. Its territory is geographically formed by the southern and central part of Great Britain, an island that shares with Scotland and Wales, and about 100 smaller islands such as the Sorlingas Islands and the Isle of Wight. It is bordered to the north by Scotland, to the west by Wales - its two land borders - to the northwest by the Irish Sea, to the southwest by the Celtic Sea, to the east by the North Sea and to the south by the English Channel. The territory of present-day England has been inhabited by several cultures for about thirty-five thousand years, but it takes its name from the Anglo, one of the Germanic peoples that settled in the place during the 5th and 6th centuries. It became a unified state in 927 and since the era of discoveries, which began in the fifteenth century, has had a great cultural and legal impact throughout the world. The English language, the Anglican Church and the Law of England - taken as the basis for the legal system of many other countries in the world - were developed in England, and the parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations.
Archipelago: Malta Country: Malta Information: The Republic of Malta (in Maltese: Repubblika ta 'Malta) is an island country member of the European Union, densely populated, composed of an archipelago and located in the center of the Mediterranean, in southern Italy , east of Tunisia and north of Libya. Due to its strategic situation, it has been governed and disputed by various powers over the centuries. Since 1964 it is independent and in 2004 it joined the European Union.2 In 2008 it had a population of 413,609 inhabitants with a distribution of 1,262 inhabitants / km², the highest population density among the countries of the European Union.
Curaçao or Curasao1 (Curaçao in Dutch, Kòrsou in current papiamento), officially Curacao Country, is an autonomous territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands2 3 with an approximate area of 444 km². It is located in the south of the Caribbean Sea, about 50 km from the western coast of Venezuela, and belongs to the Leeward Islands group, along with its neighboring islands of Aruba and Bonaire. Until 2010 he was part of the Netherlands Antilles
Archipelago: It has no Country: Italy Information: The island of Capri is an island of Italy located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples, facing the Sorrentina peninsula. It has been a place of famous beauty and resort since the time of the ancient Roman Republic. Administratively, the island belongs to the region of Campania, province of Naples.
Big Island (America)
Archipelago: Corales del Rosario Islands Country: Colombia Information: Isla Grande is the island that belongs to the South American country of Colombia, as its name indicates is the largest in the Colombian archipelago of Corales del Rosario. It is administratively part of the department of Bolívar off the coast of the Caribbean Sea or Mar de las Antillas, at geographical coordinates 10 ° 10′55 ″ N 75 ° 44′06 ″ O1 with Barracuda Island to the east, Marina Island to the west Under Luis Guerra to the southwest and the Canal de Boca Grande to the southeast. It has an area of approximately 200 hectares and a vegetation of mangroves and dry forests.
Archipelago: Mascarene Islands Country: Mauritius Information: Mauritius (Mauritian Creole Moris), officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an island country located southwest of the Indian Ocean, 900 kilometers off the eastern coast of Madagascar and approximately 3,943 kilometers southwest from India In addition to the island of Mauritius, the republic includes the islands of San Brandón or Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauricio is part of the Mascarene Islands, together with the French island of La Reunion 200 kilometers southwest.
Trinidad Island (America)
Archipelago: Trinidad and Tobago Country: Trinidad and Tobago Information: Trinidad is an island in the Caribbean Sea, the largest in the State of Trinidad and Tobago and the Lesser Antilles. It is located approximately a dozen kilometers away from the eastern coast of Venezuela. The capital of the island and the country is Port of Spain, located in the northwest, in the Gulf of Paria. The second most important city, San Fernando, is located in the southwest.
Archipelago: Cyclades Islands Country: Greece Information: Mykonos or Mykonos (in Greek Μύκονος, Mýkonos) is a small island of Greece belonging to the Cyclades Islands archipelago, located in waters of the Aegean Sea, between the islands of Tinos (to the northwest), Siros (to the west), Paros (to the southeast) and Naxos (to the south). Together with Delos and other smaller islands, it forms the peripheral unit of Mykonos, belonging to the periphery of South Aegean. It had a population of 9 320 inhabitants in 2001.2 The capital and main city of the island is also called Mykonos, although it is locally known as Jora (Χώρα). Mykonos is one of the most tourist islands of the Aegean and Greece. Among its main attractions are the beaches, nightlife and the fact that it is the closest island to Delos, one of the four main archaeological sites in Greece.
Archipelago: No Country: Italy Information: Sardinia (Sardegna, in Italian; Sardigna or Sardìnnia, in Sardinian; Sardenya in Catalan; Saldìgna in Gallurés; Sardhìgna in Sasarés) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean, the eighth in Europe and the 46th of the world. As an administrative entity it is called the Autonomous Region of Sardinia and is an autonomous region with special status within the Italian Republic.
Archipelago: Japan Country: Japan Information: Japan (日本 Nihon or Nippon ?, officially 日本国 Nihon-koku (? · I) or Nippon-koku, State of Japan; literal meaning: 'the country of the origin of the sun'), is an island country of East Asia. It is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of China, Russia and the Korean peninsula. Japan is made up of four main islands: Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku, which make up 97% of the total area of the country, and another 6,848 adjacent smaller islands. It has a population of 127 million people, the tenth largest in the world. The Tokyo metropolitan area, which includes the capital city of Tokyo and its surrounding prefectures, is the largest urban area in the world in terms of population, housing more than 30 million inhabitants. It is the second most populous country in East Asia, after China. The islands of Japan were inhabited since the upper Paleolithic period. The first written mentions occurred briefly in Chinese history books of the first century. The influence of the outside world followed by long periods of isolation has characterized the history of Japan. Since a constitution was adopted in 1947, Japan's form of government has been that of a constitutional monarchy, with an emperor and an elected parliament, known as the Diet. Known as "The Land of the Rising Sun", it is one of the largest economic powers in the world. It is a member of the United Nations Organization, G8, G4 and APEC. It is also the sixth exporting country and the eighth importer.
La Digue (Africa)
Country: Seychelles Information: La Digue is the fourth largest inhabited island in Seychelles. It has an area of 10 km². It is located east of Praslin and west of Isla Felicité. It has a population of about 2,000 people who live, above all, in the west coast villages: La Passe (linked by ferry with Praslin and Mahé) and La Reunion.
Entity: Municipality • Country: Mexico • State: Quintana Roo Information: Cozumel (Yucatecan Maya: Kosom, Lumil, «Swallow, Land of» «Land of the Swallows») ?, is a Mexican island, the third largest and the second most populated in the country. It is located in the southeast of Mexico, in the Caribbean Sea, about fifty kilometers from Cancun and constitutes (next to the continental enclaves Calica and Xel-Há) one of the ten municipalities of the state of Quintana Roo.
Archipelago: It has no Country: Thailand Information: Phuket (thai ภูเก็ต) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. The neighboring provinces are Phang Nga and Krabi, although Phuket is an island and its borders are not terrestrial. To the north of the island is the Phuket International Airport.
New Zealand (Oceania)
Archipelago: Kingdom of New Zealand Country: New Zealand Information: New Zealand or New Zealand (in English: New Zealand; in Maori: Aotearoa) is an island country of Oceania that is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean formed by two large islands: North Island and South Island, along with other minor islands, including Stewart Island and the Chatham Islands. The Kingdom of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands and Niue (autonomous states in free association); Tokelau and the Ross Unit (territorial claim in Antarctica). New Zealand, notable for its geographical isolation, is located about 2,000 kilometers southeast of Australia in the Tasman Sea, and its closest neighbors to the north are New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga. Due to this long isolation, an endemic fauna dominated by birds developed in the country, many of which became extinct after the arrival of the humans and mammals they introduced. Most of the New Zealand population is of European descent; Maori Indians are the largest minority. Asians and Polynesians are also significant minorities, especially in urban areas. Although it has three official languages, English is the most spoken.
Archipelago: Cretense Country: Greece Information: Crete (In Greek Κρήτη "Kriti") is the largest island in Greece and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. The Cretan archipelago forms one of the 13 peripheries and one of the 7 decentralized administrations of Greece. Until the beginning of the 20th century it was also known by the name of Candía, a place name derived from the Latin candidus ("white") and applied by Italian sailors and merchants from the Middle Ages. It has an area of 8,300 square kilometers, a coastline of 1,040 kilometers, and a population of about 600,000 inhabitants. Its capital is Heraklion.
Archipelago: Sicily Country: Italy Information: Sicily is a region of island Italy, which occupies the fourth European island by size. It is the main Italian island and the largest in the Mediterranean Sea. But in addition, there are several smaller islands: the archipelagos of the Aeolian Islands to the northeast, the Aegadian Islands to the west, the Pelagie Islands to the southwest, and the islands of Pantelleria to the south and Ustica to the northwest. It is the largest region in Italy (25,711 km²) and its largest island. It has Palermo as its capital and is inhabited by more than five million people: this makes it, despite its large dimensions, the most densely populated island in the Mediterranean after Malta. It is the only Italian region that has two cities among the ten most populous in the country: Palermo, fifth, and Catania, tenth. It is one of the most important tourist centers in Europe and in the 18th century it was the last stage of the Grand Tour, the trip that the young European aristocrats, largely British, carried out in Europe - many in Italy - to perfect their education and spiritual formation.
Archipelago: Does not have Country: Australia Information: Australia (officially, in English, Commonwealth of Australia: Commonwealth of Australia) is a country in Oceania. It occupies the main continental mass of the platform called Sahul, in addition to some islands in the Pacific, Indian and Antarctic oceans. The countries closest to Australia are Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast. Australia is the sixth largest country in the world with an area of 7,686,850 km. Its capital, Canberra, is located in the Australian Capital Territory. The population of the country in 2006 was about 20.6 million inhabitants, mainly concentrated in the large coastal cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide and the capital Canberra. Australia has been inhabited for more than forty-two thousand years by Australian aborigines. Following the sporadic visits of northern fishermen and European explorers and merchants that began in the 17th century, the eastern half of the continent was claimed by England in 1770 and in 1788 a penal colony was established in New South Wales. Due to the settlement of settlers, their demographic growth and the exploration of new areas, five more British colonies were established during the 19th century. On January 1, 1901, the six colonies were federated forming the Confederation of Australia. Since his institution he has maintained a liberal democratic political system and has continued to be a monarchy within the British Community of Nations. In the conventional continent division, Australia is encompassed in Oceania, which also groups the Pacific islands. However, English speakers usually speak of the "Australian continent" without Australia, from a geological point of view, being a continent. New Zealand and the adjacent islands also do not make up a continent with Australia as they do not belong to the Sahul platform, but are usually associated with it because of its historical and political proximity.
Isabela Island (America)
Archipelago: Galapagos Islands Country: Ecuador Information: Isabela Island (official name in Spanish), is the largest island in the Ecuadorian archipelago of the Galapagos Islands, with 4588 km² of surface, occupies 60% of the surface of the total Galapagos Islands.
Isla Mujeres (America)
Entity: Municipality Country: Mexico State: Quintana Roo Information: Isla Mujeres is located in the Caribbean Sea, very close to the Yucatan Peninsula, southeast of Mexico. The island is part of one of the ten municipalities of the State of Quintana Roo, the municipality of Isla Mujeres (which includes part of the continental territory) and is located thirteen kilometers from the city of Cancun, the main tourist hub of the region. Isla Mujeres was discovered by the Spaniards during an expedition commanded by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba in the year of 1517. In pre-Hispanic times the island was dedicated to Ixchel, Mayan goddess of the Moon, love and fertility, which received offerings with forms Feminine that the believers deposited in their beaches. When the Spanish conquerors arrived and observed the figures, they named it Isla Mujeres.
Archipelago: Cyclades Islands Country: Greece Information: Santorín, Santorini, Thera or Thira (in Greek Σαντορίνη, Sandoríni or Θήρα, Thíra) is a small circular archipelago formed by volcanic islands, located in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km southeast of the Greek continental territory. It forms the southernmost group of islands in the Cyclades, with an area of approximately 73 km² and a population of 13,402 inhabitants in 2001.
Crasquí Key (America)
Archipelago: Los Roques Country: Venezuela Information: Cayo Crasquí (also known as Cayo Craskí) is an island that is part of the Los Roques Archipelago, which is administratively part of the Federal Dependencies of Venezuela, and is located in the Lesser Antilles in The Caribbean Sea.
Archipelago: Madagascar Country: Madagascar Information: Madagascar, officially Republic of Madagascar, is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, facing the southeast coast of the African continent, at the height of Mozambique. It is also the largest island in Africa and is the fourth largest island in the world. It is separated from the mainland by the Mozambique Channel. It should be noted that in the past the island was linked to the African continent, from which it separated, which has made the isolation originated as a result of the separation the cause of the conservation in its territory of a multitude of unique species in the world. Thus, it houses 58% of the world's animal and plant species (of which more than 80% are endemic to Madagascar). Of the most notable are the lemurs that are an infraorder of primates, the carnivorous fossa, three endemic families of birds and six endemic species of baobabs. In fact, it is included in the list of mega-diverse countries. The gentilicio of Madagascar is Malagasy (not Madagascar), and the national language is Malagasy.
Archipelago: Madeira Country: Portugal Information: Madeira (from Portuguese Madeira, wood; adapted to Spanish as Madera, now obsolete), 1 is an Atlantic archipelago belonging to Portugal constituted as an outermost region of the European Union.2 It consists of two islands Inhabited, Madeira and Porto Santo, and three uninhabited minor islands, collectively called Desertas Islands, which, together with the Wild Islands, form the Madeira Autonomous Region, the Portuguese autonomous region, less than 400 km from Tenerife, 860 km from Lisbon , and 770 km from the nearest island of the Azores. All of volcanic origin; Madeira Island is formed by a mountainous massif that descends steeply to the sea from the 1862 meters altitude of the Ruivo Peak, the highest point on the island, followed by the Arieiro Peak (1810 m). The main economic activity of the region is tourism, receiving many visitors from Europe throughout the year, seeking the mild climate. Among other famous travelers, Empress Sissi, Emperor Charles I of Austria, passed away in Funchal in 1924, or Winston Churchill passed through the island. Its capital and main city is Funchal (103,961 inhabitants), located on the south coast of the island. The population of Madeira is 260,000 inhabitants. Already known by the Romans, these islands were rediscovered by the Portuguese navigators, Tristão Vaz Teixeira and João Gonçalves Zarco in 1418 and 1419. On the island of Madeira there are remains of the original wet forest typical of Macaronesia. The forests of Laurisilva de Madeira are a natural place declared a World Heritage Site.
San Andres Island (America)
The Island of San Andrés (also known as San Andrés Island) is the largest of the islands that are part of the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, with a total area of 26 km². Currently, Colombia exercises dominion over the island, while Nicaragua also claims sovereignty over it and adjacent islands. During the last three years, the number of tourists to San Andrés has increased. It went from 341,293 tourists in 2003 to 377,619 last year, of which 292,741 are nationals and 84,878 foreigners.3 As of July last year, the archipelago has received 23,000 more tourists than last year, in the same period. Additionally, 27,000 million have been invested in hotel infrastructure. for being a Colombian island
Information: Aruba is an island of the Lesser Antilles, the westernmost of the Sotavento group 25 km north of the Paraguaná peninsula, northwest of Venezuela, south of the Caribbean Sea, east of the La Guajira peninsula (Colombia ) and just west of the island of Curacao. He was part of the Netherlands Antilles, although since January 1, 1986 it is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Aruba is not part of the European Union similar to other territories of European sovereignty that share this status, such as Greenland (Denmark), French Polynesia (France) and Cayman Islands (United Kingdom). However, there are other territories outside Europe of sovereignty of countries of the European Union, which are an integral part of it (ie: French Guiana in South America). Despite this, all citizens of Aruba have a Dutch passport, and therefore the Aruban enjoy the same rights as citizens of the European Union.
Easter Island (America)
Archipelago: It has no Country: Chile Information: Easter Island (<Rapanui Rapa Nui, «Big Rapa» 4) is an island of Chile located in Polynesia, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It has an area of 163.6 km², which makes it the largest of the islands of island Chile, and a population of 5034 inhabitants, mainly concentrated in Hanga Roa, capital and only existing town on the island. The closest land is the island Ducie, belonging to the British territory of the Pitcairn. The island is one of the main tourist destinations of the country due to its natural beauty and its mysterious ancestral culture of the Rapanui ethnic group, whose most notable vestige corresponds to huge statues known as moai. To preserve these characteristics, the government manages the Rapa Nui National Park through Conaf, while Unesco declared this park a world heritage site in 1995. Administratively, it forms, next to the uninhabited island Salas and Gómez, the commune of Isla Easter which forms the province of Easter Island, belonging to the Valparaíso Region. However, a constitutional reform - Law No. 20,193, published on July 30, 2007 - established the island as a “special territory,” so that its government and administration will be governed by a special statute, contemplated in the law. respective constitutional organic, to be dictated.
Archipelago: It has no Country: Fiji Information: Fiji, officially the Republic of Fiji (English: Republic of Fiji, Fijian: Matanitu ko Viti, Hindustani: फ़िजी गणराज्य), 10 is an island country of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean and constituted in a Semipresidentialist Republic, but with the Queen of England as the Head of State. It has no borders, although it is close to Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tuvalu and Solomon Islands. With an area of 18,274 square kilometers it is the 156th largest in the world, as well as the 160th most populated with a population in 2007 of 837,271 inhabitants. It has its capital in Suva but its most populous city is Nasinu.
Archipelago: Hawaii Country: United States Information: The island of Hawaii (in Hawaiian, Hawaiʻi) is one of the largest islands of the Hawaii archipelago, which form the state of Hawaii. It is also known by the nickname of Big Island, (Isla Grande or Isla Mayor) as it is the largest island and thus avoids confusion between the name of the island and the state. The origin of the name Hawaiʻi has two explanations. On the one hand, the discovery of the Hawaiian Islands is attributed to the legendary Polynesian navigator Hawaiʻiloa. Another explanation derives from the legendary land Hawaiki, or Havaiki, the place of origin of the Polynesians, or the place where souls return after death. The relationship with Hawaiki is also explained on the Savai'i island of Samoa, and elsewhere in Polynesia. The first explorers transcribed the name as Owhyhee. The island of Hawaii is managed by the county of Hawaii, whose capital is Hilo. It is estimated that in 2003, the island had a resident population of 158,400 people. It is located at coordinates 19 ° 34′N 155 ° 30′O.
El Hierro (Europe)
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: El Hierro is the westernmost and southernmost of the Canary Islands (Spain). It belongs to the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Its capital is Valverde, where, apart from La Villa (urban area), there is also the Puerto de La Estaca and the island airport. In addition to Valverde, El Hierro has two other municipalities: Frontera and El Pinar. On January 22, 2000, it was declared by Unesco as a Biosphere Reserve. At present, a plan promoted by the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism is being developed, to make it the first island in the world to fully stock up on renewable energy.
Bora Bora (America)
Archipelago: Society Islands Country: Tahíti Information: Bora Bora is an atoll in the Society Islands, part of French Polynesia located northwest of Tahiti, about 260 km northwest of Papeete. It has an extension of 29.3 km². It is formed by an extinct volcano; surrounded by a lagoon separated from the sea by a reef. The highest point is Mount Otemanu at 727 meters. In 2007, the population was 8,880 inhabitants. The island is surrounded by motus, which are small elongated islets that usually have a certain width and vegetation. One of the most beautiful and photographed motus in Polynesia is the Motu Tapu, especially those they took before a hurricane took part of the sand tongues it had at its ends. From Bora Bora you can see the nearby islands of Tahaa, Raiatea and Maupiti.
Archipelago: Balearic Islands Country: Spain Information: Ibiza (in Catalan and officially1 2 Eivissa) is an island located in the Mediterranean Sea and part of the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands, in Spain. It has an area of 572 km² and a population of 129,562 inhabitants (INE 2009). Its coastline is 210 km long, where small rocks alternate. The maximum distances of the island are 41 kilometers from north to south and 15 kilometers from east to west. It has a very irregular morphology formed by several mountains, of which the highest is Sa Talaia, located in the municipality of San José, with 475 meters of altitude. The island is famous worldwide for its parties and nightclubs, which attract many tourists. Among the most famous clubs are Space, Pacha, Privilege Ibiza, Amnesia, Café del Mar or Es Paradís.The area of the port of Ibiza also attracts many tourists for its nightlife.
Archipelago: Balearic Islands Country: Spain Information: Mallorca (from the Latin insula maior, later Maiorica 'main island') is the largest island in the Balearic archipelago, which forms an uniprovincial autonomous community, the easternmost in Spain. Like the other Balearic islands Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, Mallorca is an important tourist destination. It has 3,640.11 km² and 862,397 inhabitants according to the 2009 census (population density: 257.85 inhabitants / km²). In the past, because of its calm atmosphere, it was also known as The Island of Calm. Its capital, and also that of the autonomous community, is Palma, followed in importance by the municipalities of Calviá and Manacor. The island of Cabrera and all its islets belong administratively to the capital. It is the most populated island in the Balearic Islands, and the second in Spain, after Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
Archipelago: Greater Antilles Country: Cuba Information: The Republic of Cuba is a country settled in an archipelago of the Antilles Sea, also known as the Caribbean Sea. Its main island, known as Isla de Cuba, is the largest of the Greater Antilles and has an orogenic origin. The Island of Youth and a multitude of cays or small islands that surround the aforementioned are also part of the archipelago, among these keys: Cayo Coco, Cayo Guillermo, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cayo Jutía, among others. To the north are the United States and Bahamas, to the west Mexico, to the south the Cayman Islands and Jamaica and to the southeast the island of Hispaniola. Cuba ranks 51st in the "Human Development Index" prepared by the United Nations Organization (the fourth among Latin American countries, after Chile, Argentina and Uruguay). In addition, according to the data that the country itself provides to the UN, Cuba would be the only country in the world that meets the two criteria that, for the WWF organization, mean the existence of sustainable development: high human development (HDI> 0, 8) and sustainable ecological footprint (footprint <1.8 ha / p).
La Gomera (Europe)
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: La Gomera is one of the seven main islands of the Canary Islands (Spain). It is located in the Atlantic Ocean, in the western part of the archipelago. It belongs to the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Its capital is San Sebastián de La Gomera, where the headquarters of the Island Council is located.
Archipelago: Balearic Islands Country: Spain Information: Formentera is a Mediterranean island and municipality that is part of the Balearic archipelago. Together with the island of Ibiza and several islets, it forms the so-called Pitiusas Islands, Illes Pitiüses in Catalan.
La Graciosa (Europe)
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: The island of La Graciosa is part of the Chinijo archipelago - belonging to the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands (Spain) and the Province of Las Palmas - along with the islets of Montaña Clara, Roque del Este, Roque del Oeste and Alegranza. It is northwest of Lanzarote, an island on which it depends administratively and on which an arm of the sea known as El Río separates it. It is also relatively close to the African continental coast. La Graciosa has about 29 km² in which there are the only two villages on the island: La Caleta del Sebo (island capital) and Casas de Pedro Barba. It is the least populated of the eight inhabited islands, its current population is 660 inhabitants. The island economy is based on fishing and tourism. It was conquered in 1402 by the Norman explorer Juan de Bethencourt, under the vassalage of Henry III of Castile. The island is accessible only from the sea, although it also has a helipad located very close to Caleta del Sebo. It has a councilor in the municipality of Lanzarote in Teguise.
La Palma (Europe)
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: La Palma, whose historical name is San Miguel de La Palma, is an island of the Atlantic Ocean belonging to the Canary Islands archipelago (Spain). Attached and belonging to the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, its capital is Santa Cruz de La Palma, and the most populous municipality on the island is Los Llanos de Aridane. Since 2002, the entire island has been a Biosphere Reserve, being after Lanzarote and El Hierro the third Canary island that Unesco recognizes with this protection.
Archipelago: Balearic Islands Country: Spain Information: Menorca is one of the main islands of the Balearic Islands (Spain). Its name comes from Minorica, which is because it is smaller than the island of Mallorca. Menorca was declared a Biosphere Reserve on October 8, 1993 by Unesco.
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: Lanzarote is an island of the Canary archipelago (Spain), in the Atlantic Ocean. It belongs to the province of Las Palmas. Its capital is Arrecife. The name of the island comes from Genoese sailor Lanceloto Malocello, who visited it in the 14th century. The entire island has been declared a Biosphere Reserve
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: Tenerife is an island of the Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands (Spain). Together with La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro forms the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. With an area of 2,034.38 km² and a population of 908,555 inhabitants (2011), it is the largest island in the Canary Islands and the most populous in Spain. The city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the island and of the homonymous province, as well as its most populous municipality with 222,643 inhabitants. Together with Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, it is also the capital of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands. Between 1833 and 1927 Santa Cruz de Tenerife was officially the only capital of the Canarian Archipelago, until in 1927 a decree ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, which is how it remains today.The second municipality by number of inhabitants of the island and third of the Canary Islands with 152,222 inhabitants is San Cristóbal de La Laguna, a city, also declared a World Heritage Site (the only Canarian city that has such a distinction). The metropolitan area of Santa Cruz de Tenerife has a population of over 400,000 inhabitants. The island has another place listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and also, according to some sources, the second most visited National Park in the world: Teide National Park, where the highest elevation in Spain and third largest volcano of the world from its base, the Teide. The island is internationally known for the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife considered the second most important in the world and declared a Festival of International Tourist Interest.In addition the island has a varied architecture, including colonial and contemporary, one of whose exponents is The modern building of the Tenerife Auditorium, located in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Tenerife is also known for being a great tourist destination in Spain and outside it, receiving more than five million tourists annually.
Cíes Islands (Europe)
Archipelago: Cíes Islands Country: Spain Information: The Cíes Islands, belonging to the municipality of Vigo, form an archipelago located at the mouth of the estuary of the same name, in the Galician Rias Bajas, in the Province of Pontevedra (Spain), formed by three islands: North or Monteagudo, Del Medio or do Faro and Sur or San Martiño. The first two are artificially joined by a breakwater. They are oriented according to a fracture system parallel to the coast in the NS direction. They are approximately 14.5 km from the city of Vigo. They were declared a natural park in 1980, and are included in the National Park of the Atlantic Islands of Galicia created in 2002. In February 2007 the British newspaper The Guardian chose the beach of Rhodes, on the island of Monteagudo, as "the best world beach ".
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: Fuerteventura is an island of the Canary archipelago (Spain), located in the Atlantic Ocean 97 km from the northwest coast of Africa. On May 26, 2009 it is declared in its entirety a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. It belongs to the province of Las Palmas, one of the two that make up the Canary Islands, autonomous community of Spain. The capital of the island is Puerto del Rosario (Puerto Cabras until 1956), where the Island Council is located, which is the island's government. The indigenous name of the island, before its conquest in the fifteenth century, was "Erbani" with its two regions "Jandía" and "Maxorata", from which derives the gentilicio majorero (originally majo or maxo). Fuerteventura is the largest island in its province, and the second in the Canary Islands after Tenerife. It is, geologically, the oldest island in the archipelago.
Gran Canaria (Europe)
Archipelago: Canary Islands Country: Spain Information: Gran Canaria is an island of the Canary archipelago, located in the Atlantic Ocean. Together with the islands of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura, it forms the province of Las Palmas, also composed of the islets of La Graciosa, Alegranza, Montaña Clara, Roque del Este, Roque del Oeste and Isla de Lobos. The capital of the island is Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (the most populous city in the archipelago with 383,343 inhabitants), also the capital of the eastern province (Las Palmas) and the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands, together with Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Gran Canaria, with 845,676 inhabitants, is the most populous island in its province and the second most populous island in the Canary archipelago. The carnival of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is one of the most important in the world and the festival of La Rama is another great party celebrated in the fishing village of Agaete. It is the third most populated island in Spain.