THE INCA MYTHOLOGY was formed by a series of legends and myths of this ethnic group, which supported the pantheistic religion of the Inca Empire, centralized in Cusco and Peru. To their gods, the Inca people gave them cults, as in other mythologies. Some names of gods repeated themselves or were called in the same way in different provinces of the Inca people. Later all these gods were unified and formed what is called true Inca pantheon of divinities. RELATED LIST: THE INCAS
The Peruvian god who flooded the earth because men were evil and ungrateful.
Mother of corn or food. Corn, along with coca and potatoes were the primary food of the Incas.
Ai Apaec or Aia Paec was the terrible god who thirsty for blood demanded human sacrifices. The Cie-quich and the Alaec offered young warriors in beautiful temples such as Huaca de la Luna, Huaca el Brujo, Huaca Pañanmarca and Huaca Rajada. His most famous image was discovered in 1990 by Peruvian archaeologist Daniel Morales, in Huaca de la Luna (Trujillo). He has an anthropomorphic face, feline mouth and sea waves or tentacles that surround his head. In other representations he appears with a baton or wielding a sharp Tumi, always with a fierce, scary face. He was worshiped as the creator and protector god of the Moche world. He was the provider of water, food and warrior triumphs.
Supay was called evil spirits who spoke Quechua. Supay was also the god of the dead and owner and lord of the underground world. Today, the aboriginal Catholics of Peru and Bolivia call the devil Supay.
He was the god of weather and one of the most popular gods. His name means lightning and thunder. It was believed that it was raining from the Milky Way with water stored in a jar. In times of drought, the Incas used to tie black dogs until they suffered hunger so that the god Ilyap'a would pity them and send the rain.
The Inca god of the mountains was called Apo.
It was another version of the god Viracocha, He was the god of earthquakes and earthquakes, very frequent in the Andean region. Considered maker of the world and creator of the yuncas of Peru. He was Mama Pacha's husband and his brothers were Viracocha and Manco Capac. When he created the first man and the first woman, he forgot that they had to feed to survive and died of hunger. The woman accused Pachacamac of negligent, so he granted the woman fertility and she gave birth to a son. God killed the son, cut his body into pieces and threw them to the ground. From there grew fruits and vegetables. The second son of the woman, Wichama, managed to escape from the hands of the god, then the god killed the woman. Wichama avenged his mother's death by attracting the god to the sea.
Pre-Inca God of water, rain and winds. He was also considered a creative god. He was born of a hawk but eventually became human. They worshiped him in the central cities of the empire.
It was the mother of the sea. Venerated especially by fishermen to calm them waters and obtain the benefits of abundant fishing. Mama Cocha also represented everything feminine.
The Inca goddess of the lakes was called Copacati. He was worshiped in Tiahuanaco. Very close to Lake Titicaca.
She was the goddess of health and happiness. At first it was considered a promiscuous goddess. Her lovers divided it into two parts. His body became the first coca plant. Men who chewed coca were not allowed to touch their children if they did not satisfy their wives before. The ancients believed that the coca plant provided health and happiness.
It was the mother goddess of the earth. Patron of the fertility of the fields. She was made special offerings to get a good harvest.
Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo
Couple of husbands and brothers children of the sun god, are born from the foams of Lake Titicaca, with the mission of founding the capital of the future empire in a fertile place. The foundation site would be marked by the place where the sacred staff of Manco Cápac would sink, which happened in the Huatanay river valley, in Cusco
He was the sun god and Viracocha's assistant, his father. Inti was the most popular deity of the Inca pantheon to which many shrines were dedicated. There they made offerings in gold, silver, animals and very beautiful youngsters. He was represented with a golden disk with human features. He was considered the father of the legendary Inca Manco Capac I and Mama Ocllo.
He was the creator god. Legend has it that Viracocha emerged from the waters and later created heaven and earth. He had as a companion a bird called Inti, shaped like a golden hummingbird, that could know the past and the future. The feathers of the Inti adorned the crown of the Inca emperor. Viracocha was represented with two wands in his hands, as if they were javelins or slings.
She was considered Inti's sister and wife, the sun god, and had a beautiful room with silver plates and idols inside the Qoricancha temple, in Cusco. In the Inca culture she was considered goddess of fertility and motherhood, so that her protection was invoked to women and babies during childbirth. There is a myth about the infidelity of Quillamama to the Sun. It turns out that a beautiful fox had fallen in love with the goddess and implored him whenever he agreed to his requirements, until one night she released a silver rope through which the lover ascended. Thus they united to never separate. The natives say that the fox can still be seen as a silhouette that covers the surface of Mother Moon.