The writers stand out and are recognized for their exquisite creations of books on topics of social interest. They are inspired by the personal events of their lives and the events that happen in the world.
Rosalia de Castro
Born: February 24, 1837 Santiago de Compostela, Spain Died: July 15, 1885 (48 years) Padrón, La Coruña, Spain Occupation: Writer Nationality: Spanish Period 19th century Genre Poetry and novel Born in Santiago de Compostela. She was baptized with the names of María Rosalía Rita. daughter of unknown parents. Very little is known of their education. It is known that at school he showed talent as a versifier. He also liked drawing, music and declamation. Rosalía de Castro married Manuel Martínez Murguía, a chronicler scholar of Galicia. The following year Rosalia gives birth to her first daughter, Alejandra, to whom six more children must follow. His address changed several times, between Madrid and Simancas. Rosalia never enjoyed good health. She always fought against diseases, and often with hardship, lived dedicated to her home, her children and her husband, never aspired to fame. Her husband was the one who convinced her to publish her works. He died of cancer at age forty-eight at his home in Padrón, which today is a museum. All her children died before her, unable to leave heirs. He composed his first verses at the age of 12. At 17 he was already known at the "Liceo de San Agustín". for his first book; The flower. and Follas Novas: it is the title of his latest book that contains his way of seeing life, in the show his vital essence. Rosalia shows a bleak view of human existence. In the Cantares, Rosalia assumes the voice of the Galician people. His masterpiece in Spanish is On the Banks of the Sar, verses of intimate tone, of strange penetration, loaded with nocturnal beauty. It deserves to be considered, next to Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, as the precursor of Modernity and initiator of a new Castilian metric.
Pedro Antonio de Alarcón
Full name: Pedro Antonio Joaquín Melitón de Alarcón y Ariza Born: March 10, 1833 Guadix, Granada, Spain Died: July 19, 1891 (58 years old), Madrid, Spain Literary genres: Writer, novelist Nationality: Spanish Period 19th century He was born in Guádix (Granada). When young, he studied Law and Theology. Great journalist, with a very personal dye. First class novelist. Main Works: The end of Norma (1855) Journal of a witness to the war in Africa (1859) From Madrid to Naples (1861) La Alpujarra (1873) The hat with three peaks (1874) The prodigal son (1875) The scandal (1875) The boy with the ball (1878) The Prodigal (1880) Captain Poison (1881). During his youth he sympathized, in politics, with the liberals and revolutionaries of his time. By this time he had a duel with another writer. This event triggered a crisis of conscience that ended up taking him to the opposite side, that is, the conservative and Catholic. Shortly after he enlisted and participated in the war in Africa. He traveled through Europe. Upon returning to his homeland, he became active in politics, becoming a deputy. By his literary merit he was appointed member of the Royal Academy of Language. In his work, both narrative and poetic, is reflected his political, moral and religious ideology, important aspects of his personal life. He was never recognized as a great poet, but it deserves to be mentioned, if only to fill the remarkable void that poetry offers in this period of literature, which corresponds to the second half of the century, known by the name of Realism. A well-accomplished poem, "The sigh of the Moor," is however romantic, and recalls the legends of Zorrilla, and the romances of the Duke of Rivas and other poets of that time.
José Pablo Feinmann
Full name: José Pablo Feinmann Date of birth: 1943 Place of birth: Buenos Aires, Argentina Literary genres: Novels - Essays - Humanities José Pablo Feinmann has a degree in Philosophy. He currently teaches philosophy courses and writes in the newspaper Página / 12 of Buenos Aires columns of political, literature and film news.
José Mauro De Vasconcelos
Full name: José Mauro De Vasconcelos Date of birth: 1920 Place of birth: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Died: July 24, 1984 Literary genres: Novels - Juvenile Literature José Mauro De Vasconcelos, best-selling Brazilian writer after Jorge Amado. He wrote 21 books, of which four million copies were sold in his country and many others outside it. His work was translated into 32 languages, highlighting Mi Planta de Naranja Lima.
Full name: Arturo Pérez-Reverte Date of birth: November 24, 1951 Place of birth: Cartagena, Spain Literary genres: Novels - Essays Arturo Pérez-Reverte is a Spanish novelist and journalist. Since 2003 he is a member of the Royal Spanish Academy.
Born: November 7, 1913. Mondovi, Algeria Died: January 4, 1960. Villeblevin, France Literary genres: philosopher, writer Nationality: French. Genre: novel, essay and novelist theater, French essayist and playwright, considered one of the most important writers after 1945. His work, characterized by a vigorous and concise style, reflects the philosophie de l'absurde, the feeling of alienation and disenchantment together with the affirmation of the positive qualities of human dignity and fraternity. Camus was born in Mondovi (now Drean, Algeria), on November 7, 1913, and studied at the University of Algiers. His studies were soon interrupted due to tuberculosis. He formed an amateur theater company that represented works to the working classes; He also worked as a journalist and traveled a lot in Europe. In 1939, he published Weddings, a set of articles that included reflections inspired by his readings and trips. In 1940, he moved to Paris and was part of the writing of the Paris-Soir newspaper. During World War II he was an active member of the French Resistance and from 1945 to 1947, director of Combat, a clandestine publication. Algeria serves as background to the first novel published by Camus, The Foreigner (1942), and most of his subsequent narratives. This work and the essay on which it is based, The Myth of Sisyphus (1942), reveal the influence of existentialism in his thinking. Of the plays that develop existentialist themes, Caligula (1945) is one of the best known. Although in his novel La Peste (1947) Camus is still interested in the fundamental absurdity of existence, he recognizes the value of human beings in the face of disasters. His later works include the novel The Fall (1956), inspired by a preceding essay; The rebel man (1951); the play State of siege (1948); and a set of stories, Exile and the Kingdom (1957). Collections of his journalistic works appeared under the title of Actuelles (3 vols., 1950, 1953 and 1958) and El verano (1954). A happy death (1971), although published posthumously, is in fact his first novel. In 1994, the incomplete novel he worked on when he died, The First Man, was published. His Notebooks, which cover the years 1935 to 1951, were also published posthumously in two volumes (1962 and 1964). Camus, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957, died in a car accident in Villeblerin (France) on January 4, 1960.
Full name: Alexandre Dumas (Father) Place of birth: Villers - Cotterests, France Date of birth: July 24, 1802 Died: December 5, 1870 Literary genres: Novels / Drama Alejandro Dumas was a novelist and playwright. His most popular works that mixed history, romanticism and adventure gave him universal fame.
Full name: Nicolás Maquiavelo Date of birth: May 3, 1469 Place of birth: Florence, Italy Died: June 22, 1527. Literary genres: Philosophy - Politics Nicolás Maquiavelo is considered one of the most outstanding political theorists of the Renaissance, with His contribution inaugurated a path to modernity in his political conception and social restructuring.
Full name: Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller Christie Mallowan Birthplace: Devon, England Date of birth: September 15, 1890 Died: January 12, 1976 Literary genres: Novels / Police / Detective Agatha Christie was a famous writer of mystery novels . Known as the 'Queen of Crime'.
Full name: Isabel Allende Llona Date of birth: August 2, 1942 Place of birth: Lima, Peru Literary genres: Novels - Isabel Allende Theater is considered the most popular Latin American novelist. He has sold more than 35 million copies and his work has been translated into more than 27 languages.
Full name: Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga, Gabriela Mistral Date of birth: April 7, 1889 Place of birth: Vicuña, Chile Died: January 10, 1957 Literary genres: Poetry Gabriela Mistral was the first Latin American (and the first woman in his specialty) to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, 1945.
Federico García Lorca
Full name: Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca Date of birth: June 5, 1898 Place of birth: Fuente Vaqueros, Province of Granada, Spain Died: August 18, 1936 Literary genres: Poetry - Drama - Teatro Federico García Lorca He was the poet with the greatest influence and popularity of Spanish literature of the 20th century.
Full name: Charles John Huffan Dickens Place of birth: Portsmouth, England Date of birth: February 7, 1812 Died: June 9, 1870 Literary genres: Novels Charles Dickens is one of the best-known authors of universal literature, and the Victorian era main. He managed with skill the narrative genre, with humor and irony, and a sharp and critical social criticism.
Jorge Luis Borges
Full name: Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Date of birth: August 24, 1899 Place of birth: Buenos Aires, Argentina Died: June 14, 1986 in Geneva Literary genres: Fiction and Literature - Poetry - Stories Jorge Luis Borges is one of the most prominent authors of twentieth-century Spanish literature.
Full name: Paulo Coelho Born: August 24, 1947 (64 years old) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Occupation: Writer Nationality: Brazilian Genre Novel: Narrative, Reflective Paulo Coelho was born in the Botafogo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, on 24 August 1947, the same day of his literary idol, Jorge Luis Borges, although several years later. Coelho is one of the best selling and read writers in the world. Due to the lack of progress in his studies, he entered the severe Jesuit College of San Ignacio where he learned to be disciplined in life, but where he also lost his religious faith. In this school he won his first poetry contest. At age 21 he enrolled in the Faculty of Law, but soon he would leave to dedicate himself to the theater, his new dream. Since his passion continued to be writing, he worked as a lyricist for the great names of the Brazilian popular song, and devoted himself to journalism and writing scripts for television. Paulo is passionate about travel, and that is why he decides to travel the world for six months, until in Germany he would have a very intense spiritual experience, which would return him to the Catholic faith of his parents. There he also made, along with his spiritual master, the Camino de Santiago de Compostela, this trip motivates him to write his first literary text "The Pilgrim of Compostela (Diary of a Magician)" and then "The Alchemist" would arrive, with them he would begin a path full of successes that consecrates him as one of the great writers of our time.
Full name: Mario Orlando Hamlet Hardy Brenno Benedetti Farugia Date of birth: September 14, 1920 Place of birth: Paso de los Toros, Uruguay Died: May 17, 2009 Literary genres: Novels - Poetry - Tales Mario Benedetti is one of the most important poets of Latin American literature of all time, has published more than 40 books and has been translated into different languages.
Full name: Anneliesse Marie (Anne) Frank Place of birth: Frankfurt, Germany Date of birth: June 12, 1929 Died: March 1945 Literary genres: Biographies / Humanities Anne Frank wrote her shocking Diary: a unique testimony of its kind on the horror and Nazi barbarism, and about the feelings and experiences of Ana herself and her companions.
Mario Vargas Llosa
Full name: Mario Vargas Llosa Date of birth: March 28, 1936 Place of birth: Arequipa, Peru Literary genres: Novels - Essays - Teatro Mario Vargas Llosa is one of the most important novelists and essayists in Latin America, as well as one of The main authors of his generation. In 1994 he was awarded the Cervantes Prize.
Full name: Neftalí Ricardo Eliecer Reyes Basoalto, better known as Pablo Neruda Date of birth: July 12, 1904 Birthplace: Parral, Chile Died: September 23, 1973 Literary genres: Poetry Pablo Neruda won the Novel Prize for Literature in 1971. He is one of the most edited and influential poets of the twentieth century worldwide, "the most read since Shakespeare," according to the critic and biographer Alastair Reid.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
Full name: Miguel De Cervantes Saavedra Date of birth: September 29, 1547 Place of birth: Alcalá de Henares, Spain Died: April 22, 1616 Literary genres: Novels - Drama - Poetry Miguel De Cervantes Saavedra is the author of one of the Summit works of Spanish literature and universal literature, 'El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha'. It is the most translated book after the Bible.
Full name: William Shakespeare Date of birth: April 23, 1564 Place of birth: Stratford, England Died: April 23, 1616 Literary genres: Poetry - Drama - Theater William Shakespeare is considered the most important writer of the English language and one of the most famous of universal literature.
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Full name: Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez Date of birth: March 6, 1927 Place of birth: Municipality of Aracata, Magdalena, Colombia Died: April 17, 2014 Literary genres: Novels - Tales Gabriel García Márquez won the Novel Prize of Literature in 1982. His most internationally recognized novel is 'One Hundred Years of Solitude'.