Latin American national flowers
Vote for the most beautiful.
National Flower of Honduras: Virgin Orchid.
Epiphytic orchid belonging to the Orchidaceae Family. It is found in Central America, and the Caribbean in mountain forests, where at night, it fills the air with the fragrance of its perfume. It blooms in spring and summer, and it is an easy plant to grow, because it tolerates intense light and drought well. It was declared a national flower in 1969 to replace the rose.
National Flower of Paraguay: Mburucujá.
It is a woody vine native to southern South America and its common name derives from the Guaraní language. It is popular in gardening due to its beautiful, large and aromatic flowers, which originally grew in the mountains. The fruit is a drupa that contains numerous seeds that are consumed and dispersed by mammals and birds.
National Flower of Cuba: Mariposa.
The butterfly is a fragrant and white flower whose name derives from the similarity it presents with these insects. The plant can reach more than one and a half meters high and grows in humid places such as river banks and lagoons. In addition, it was grown in the gardens of many Cuban houses. It's so pretty and simple, that no bride can escape the temptation to put a bouquet on her chest on her wedding day.
National Flower of Brazil: Ipê Amarelo.
Tree belonging to the Bignoniaceae Family that grows from 7-11 m. Inhabits open formations of the Atlantic rainforest of Brazil. It has beautiful yellow-gold flowers in spring. This species is widely used in landscaping because of its rapid growth.
National Flower of the Dominican Republic: Rosa de Bayahibe.
Plant species belonging to the Family Cactaceae. However, more than a cactus, this species looks like a wild rose. It is endemic to the Dominican Republic. It is found in tropical and subtropical dry forests. It is very threatened due to the loss of its habitat.
National Flower of Costa Rica: Guaria Morada.
Epiphytic orchid belonging to the Orchidaceae Family, native to the humid forests of Central America. It grows especially in mountainous areas of the Pacific side of the region. Its flowering extends between March and February, and because of the appreciation that people have for its flowers, it is used for the decoration of altars during Holy Week.
National Flower of Bolivia: Patujú.
The patujú and the cantuta (also the national flower of Peru) are the national flowers of Bolivia since April 27, 1990 and both have the colors of the flag and represent unity between the west and the east. Patujú comes from the eastern region of the country and is endemic to Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
National Flower of Guatemala: White Nun.
Epiphytic plant present in northwestern Guatemala, especially in the forests of the Verapaz Region. It is hermaphrodite and produces millions of seeds that, however, need a certain fungus to germinate, making it a scarce plant. It is an orchid, and as such, it has a petal transformed in the center that serves as the basis for its insect pollination. It symbolizes peace, beauty and art and was declared the National Flower of Guatemala on February 11, 1934.
National Flower of Argentina and Uruguay: Ceibo.
Tree belonging to the Fabaceae Family, native to Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Paraguay. It is a tree that reaches up to 10 m high and its pivoting root has nitrogen fixing bacteria. It blooms between October and April. It is also known as the Coral Tree and is also the national flower of Uruguay.
National Flower of Nicaragua: Sacuanjoche.
This colorful flower called Sacuanjoche and venerated by the Mayans, is the National Flower of Nicaragua and its name is of Nahuatl origin, which means Precious Yellow Feather. It is a plant native to the tropical and subtropical regions of America, but it has spread to all the tropical regions of the world. The flowers have an intense, pleasant and sweet perfume, similar to vanilla or almond, being used a lot in perfumery.
National Flower of Chile: Copihue.
Perennial creeper belonging to the Philesiaceae Family and only species of the genus Lapageria. It can exceed 10 m in height when climbing on trees and shrubs. It grows in the forests of central and southern Chile. Its flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds
National Flower of Colombia: Lily of May.
The national flower of Colombia is named after the Colombian naturalist José Jerónimo Triana. It is an epiphytic orchid with fleshy leaves of extraordinary native beauty from Colombia and distributed to Ecuador. The central petal harmoniously looks the colors of the Colombian flag, in contrast to the lilac color of the side petals.
National Flower of Venezuela: Flor de Mayo.
Native and endemic orchid of Venezuela. It is its National Flower since 1951. It grows as an epiphyte between 400 and 2,000 meters above sea level in cloud forests, montane and semi-deciduous forests of the northern mountains of the country. Very appreciated as an ornamental flower because it adorns the balconies with its large flowers between the months of March to August.
National Flower of Mexico: Dahlia.
Species belonging to the Asteraceae Family and native to the Mixteca Region, in the state of Oaxaca. The Aztec natives cultivated it and called it "xicamiti", which means sweet potato flower because the plant reproduces by bulbs. Dahlia juarezii was named in memory of Benito Juárez and declared a national flower on May 13, 1963.
National Flower of Panama: Flower of the Holy Spirit.
Orchid of great beauty very collected in its native habitat which has led to the status of endangered species. Its trade has been regulated by being included in Appendix I of CITES (International Convention on Trade in Endangered Species). In its native habitat, it can be found on the edges of mature forests growing as an epiphyte or on the ground.
National Flower of Peru: Kantuta.
The cantuta is a perennial shrub from the Andes with a very colorful appearance that measures between 2 and 3 m high. Its flowers have no smell, but they are very striking colors. It is known that the Incas were amazed by its great beauty promoting the cultivation of the Kantuta in all its domains, consecrating it to the Sun god (Inti) from there that is also known as "The Sacred Flower of the Incas". It is also one of the two national flowers of Bolivia.