The best historical paintings of Jesus Christ
Great artists of history have represented the figure of Jesus Christ with paintings that show him according to his personal vision, this list shows some of the most important and famous works that are already historical. Which ones do you like the most? Vote for them.
The Madonna of Ognissanti (Giotto)
Made by the Italian painter Giotto in 1314, La Madonna de Ognissanti (Maestà di Ognissanti) is the title of a painting on panel, representing the theme of the Maestà. It has monumental dimensions of 204 cm x 325 cm. It is conserved in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, scenographically within walking distance of similar tables: the Maestà di Santa Trinita de Cimabue and La Madonna Rucellai de Duccio.
The Adoration of the Shepherds (Antonio Allegri da Correggio)
* Suggested by Laurie Williams ___________________ The adoration of the shepherds (in Italian, L'Adorazione dei pastori) called La noche (La notte) is a famous painting by the Italian painter Antonio Allegri da Correggio. It is made in oil on panel and has the following dimensions: 256 cm high by 188 cm wide. It was painted around 1530 and later passed into the hands of the Casa de Este, which ruled the ducats of Ferrara and Modena. Sold by the dukes together with other masterpieces in 1746, it is currently in the Gemäldegalerie in Dresden (Germany).
The Yellow Christ (Paul Gauguin)
The yellow Christ (in French Le Christ jaune) is a painting by Paul Gauguin in September 1889 in Pont-Aven (Brittany), or finished later the same year in Le Pouldu. The painting follows the cloisonne technique inspired by glazes and stained glass. Large areas of flat color are delimited by contours in blue or black. In addition, it is a sample of Fauvism influenced by van Gogh where the primary element is color. Gauguin calls his style as synthesism since it synthesizes the observation of the subject with the feelings caused by the artist.
Ecce Homo (Caravaggio)
* Suggested by Laurie Williams ___________________ Ecce Homo is a painting by Caravaggio, dating from 1604. It is part of the ensemble that the painter dedicates to the Passion of Christ. She was the winner of a contest called by the archbishop of Florence, and is baroque. Again a crudeness is reflected in the eyes of Christ, flanked by a guard and Pontius Pilate. The latter casts a glance at the bloodthirsty people, begging to let the prisoner forgive. The result is known to all. It is located in the gallery of the Rosso Palace (Palazzo Rosso) in Genoa (Italy).
Christ with the Cross in tow (El Bosco)
* Suggested by Laurie Williams ___________________ Christ with the Cross in tow. El Bosco, Around 1500. Oil on panel, 57 cm × 32 cm. Vienna Museum of Art History, Vienna, Flag of Austria Austria. This table has been dated from the period 1490-1500. It is currently believed that this work was made around 1500. The table, in principle, was larger, but was cut by about 20 centimeters above and 2.5 at the bottom edge. It would be the left part of a triptych, the other parts being a Calvary (central panel) and a Burial of Christ, Descent from the Cross or Piety (right post). There are at least two other versions of the theme of Christ with the Cross in tow, made by El Bosco, one from the 1515-1516 period in the Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent, which measures 74 × 81 cm; and another that dates from 1498 or later and is located in the Monastery of San Lorenzo del Escorial (Madrid), which is much larger than the other two (150 x 94 cm). They are works in which El Bosco testifies to the brutality of the crowds.
The Descent from the Cross (Pontormo)
The descent of the cross, known in Italian as La Deposizione or Trasporto di Cristo, is the best known painting by the Italian artist il Pontormo. It is an oil painting and it is located in the Capponi chapel of the Santa Felicita Church in Florence, Italy. It has dimensions of 3.13 meters high and 1.92 m wide. It took three years to finish this sad and tumultuous oval of figures, from 1525 to 1528. It is one of the creations of Mannerism that sets the guidelines for the future. It is a large altarpiece for the Capponi chapel, designed by Brunelleschi. It is situated on the altar of the chapel. Many consider it masterpiece of il Pontormo.
Christ Pantocrator (Byzantine Era)
It was made in the Byzantine Era, sometime between 1090 and 1100. This is a representation of the mosaic pantocrator Christ. Great use of gold is still used. You can see the little expression on the face and the highlighted lines.
Lamentation over dead Christ (Andrea Mantegna)
Lamentation over the dead Christ is one of the most famous works of Andrea Mantegna. It is an oil on canvas 68 centimeters high by 81 wide, preserved in the Pinacoteca de Brera in Milan, whose date of realization has not been established with certainty, proposing dates ranging between 1457 and 1501, although most likely It is from the stage of maturity of the artist, around the years 1480 and 1490.
The Baptism of Christ (El Greco)
* Suggested by Laurie Williams ___________________ The baptism of Christ is a painting painted by El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos, 1541-1614). This oil on canvas measures 350 centimeters high and 144 cm wide, and was executed between 1596 and 1600, being a work made for the altarpiece of the College of Agustinas of Doña María de Aragón, in Madrid. This building is currently the seat of the Senate and the painting is preserved in the Prado Museum in Madrid, Spain.
Holy Family of the Lamb (Rafael)
The Holy Family of the Lamb is a painting by Renaissance artist Rafael Sanzio. It is preserved in the Prado Museum in Madrid, from the artistic collections of the kings of Spain. It is an oil painting on panel, of small size (28 x 21 centimeters), so it could be a commission for private devotion. It is signed by the painter on the embroidery of the neckline of the Virgin's dress. It was made in the year 1507, during the Florentine period of Rafael.
The Crowning of Thorns (Caravaggio)
The coronation of thorns is a painting by Caravaggio, dating from 1604. The work is part of a set dedicated to the Passion of Christ, and shows how Jesus of Nazareth is tortured by three men: one holds his hands to prevent his defense , another skewers the crown of thorns and the third hits him. The painting may have autobiographical roots, given Caravaggio's life that passed between fights and arrests. It is located in the gallery of the Palacio degli Alberti in Prato.
The Transfiguration (Rafael)
It is considered Rafael's last work, which he left unfinished due to his early death.
The Last Judgment (Michelangelo)
The Last Judgment or The Universal Judgment is the mural made in fresco by Michelangelo to decorate the apse of the Sistine Chapel (Vatican City, Rome). Michelangelo began painting it 25 years after finishing painting the vault of the chapel.
Crucified Christ (Velázquez)
The crucified Christ, or Cristo de San Plácido, is an oil painting on canvas by Velázquez, preserved in the Prado Museum since 1829. During his first trip to Italy between 1629 and 1630 Velázquez was able to study the works of the great masters. His studies of the nude from classical works will be revealed in La fragua de Vulcano and La tunica de José, painted there. These studies would have enabled the naked master of this painting, by the fusion that demonstrates serenity, dignity and nobility. It is a frontal nude, without the support of a narrative scene, with which Velázquez flaunts mastery and allows the viewer to capture the body's beauty and the serene expression of the figure. Because of its spirituality and mystery, this work inspired the Spanish writer and philosopher Miguel de Unamuno an extensive poem entitled El Cristo de Velázquez.
The Last Supper (Leonardo da Vinci)
The last supper (in Italian: Il cenacolo or L'ultima cena) is an original mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci executed between 1495 and 1497. It is located on the wall on which it was originally painted, in the refectory of the Dominican convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan (Italy). The painting was prepared, for his employer, Duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan. It is not a traditional fresco, but a mural executed in tempera and oil on two layers of plaster preparation spread over plastering. It measures 460 cm. high by 880 cm. Wide. Many experts and art historians, consider The Last Supper as one of the best pictorial works in the world.
The Christ of Saint John of the Cross (Salvador Dalí)
Cristo de San Juan de la Cruz is a famous painting by Spanish painter Salvador Dalí made in 1951. It is made using the technique of oil on canvas, it is surrealist in style and measures 205 x 116 cm. It is preserved in the Kelvingrove Museum, in Glasgow, United Kingdom. The originality of the perspective and the technical ability when it comes to painting the painting have made it very popular, to the point that in the fifties, a fan made a vandalism against him of little gravity. During the fifties, the artist turned to the crucifixion theme several times. An example is the Corpus hypercubus, painted in 1954. To paint this picture, it was based on the theories contained in the Discourse on the cubic form of the sixteenth-century architect, Juan de Herrera, responsible for the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Dalí took the famous Hollywood double, Russ Saunders, as a model to paint Christ, although some say that the artist actually took the trapeze artist Diego Schmiedl as a model.