The National Park System of Canada comprises 46 units or protected areas, including national parks, national park reserves, two national marine conservation areas and a national monument. A total of 260,468 km² are protected.
Kouchibouguac National Park
Kouchibouguac National Park is a national park of Canada located on the east coast of New Brunswick, north of the city of Richibucto. The park was founded in 1969 and has an area of 239 km². The park includes a barrier of islands, dunes, lagoons, marshes and forests. It provides habitat for seabirds and the second largest colony of the tern in North America. Gray seal colonies also inhabit the 25-kilometer park of sand dunes.
National Pingo Landmark
The national Pingo landmark (sometimes translated as a Pingo national monument) (in English, Pingo National Landmark) is a protected natural area of Canada, located in the Northwest Territories, characterized by its pingos. In a fairly flat region near the Beaufort Sea, the pingos dominate the horizon, going from 5 to 36 m, in various stages of growth and collapse. Ibyuk pingo, the tallest in Canada and second highest in the world, continues to grow by about 2 cm per year.
Prince Edward Island National Park
Prince Edward Island National Park is a Canadian national park located on Prince Edward Island. Located along the north coast of the island, facing the Gulf of San Lorenzo. Established in 1937, it has an area of 22 km². An extension was added to the park in 1998, when an extensive sand dune system in Greenwich was moved from the provincial Parks government of Canada.
Cape Breton Highlands National Park
Cape Breton Highlands National Park is a Canadian national park located in the north of the island of Cap Breton in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. The park covers an area of 949 km² and was founded in 1936. At the west entrance of the park is the Acadian town of Chéticamp in the Gulf of San Lorenzo and an information center park. On the east side of the park are the beaches in Ingonish in the Atlantic Ocean.
Quttinirpaaq National Park
The Quttinirpaaq National Park is a national park of Canada, located in the northeast corner of the island of Ellesmere, in the Qikiqtaaluk region of the Nunavut Territory. It is the northernmost park in Canada and the second northernmost on Earth after the Northeast Greenland National Park. In the Inuktitut language, Quttinirpaaq means "the top of the world." It was first established as an Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve in 1988 (“Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve”), but the name was changed to Quttinirpaaq in 1999, when the territory of Nunavut was created, and became a national park in 2000. Earth here is dominated by rock and ice. It is a polar desert with very little annual rainfall and there are numerous glaciers in it. It is, by area, the second largest park in Canada after Wood Buffalo National Park. Plant and animal life is concentrated in the region of Lake Hazen, which due to its location has protected a milder climate than the surrounding plateaus. The park includes Barbeau peak, which is 2,616 m and is the highest mountain in Nunavut.
Vuntut National Park
Vuntut National Park is a Canadian national park located in northern Yukon, Canada. It was created in 1995 and has an area of 4,345 km². The nearest city is Old Crow. Vuntut National Park is adjacent to another National Park of Canada, Ivvavik National Park. In addition, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is located just across the border, in Alaska, USA. UU.
Pukaskwa National Park
Pukaskwa National Park is a national park located south of the city of Marathon, Ontario, in the Thunder Bay district of northern Ontario, Canada. Founded in 1978, Pukaskwa is known for its views of Lake Superior and the boreal forests. The park covers an area of 1878 km² and is the largest national park in Ontario. There is a campsite at Hattie Cove located at the north end of the park that can be accessed via Highway 627, the only road to the park. There are also a number of backcountry camps located along a path that follows the north shore of Lake Superior. In the forests of the park you can find small Caribou populations. There are also black bears, elk, Canadian lynx and gray wolves.
Tuktuk Nogait National Park
Tuktut Nogait is a Canadian national park located in the Northwest Territories. Tuktut Nogait means "young caribou" in Inuvialuktun. The park covers 16,340 square kilometers and was created in 1996, and is located 170 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle in the northeast corner of the peninsula of the Northwest Territories.
Aulavik National Park
Aulavik National Park is a national park of Canada located in the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is known for its access to the Thomsen River, one of the most northern navigable rivers in North America. The park is 12,274 km² and was founded in 1992. The most practical way to visit the park is to rent a plane, and currently the park has four landing sites.
Pacific Rim National Park
The Pacific Rim National Park or Pacific Rim, is a national park that is located in British Columbia, Canada and is divided into three regions: Long Beach, the Broken Group Islands and the West Coast Trail. The park is characterized by steep coasts and lush, humid temperate forests. The park is open from mid-March to mid-October.
Elk Island National Park
Elk Island National Park or Elk Island is one of the national parks of Canada, this Conservation Island is located 35 km east of Edmonton, Alberta.
Ivvavik National Park
The Ivvavik National Park is a national park of Canada established in the northwestern part of the Yukon territory, bounded to the north by the Beaufort Sea coast itself. Its name means "nursery" or "place of birth" in Inuvialuktun. Ivvavik National Park was the first national park that was established as a result of a land claim according to its natives. The nearest city is Inuvik, it was created in 1984 and has an area of 10,168 km².
Kejimkujik National Park
Kejimkujik National Park or Keji National Park is part of the National Parks system of Canada, located in the province of Nova Scotia. The park was established in 1968 and covers an area of 404 km². Inside the camp you can offer excellent wildlife observation opportunities. Elk, deer, beaver and gavias are not difficult to see, especially along the waterways. The black bear, although present in the park is rarely seen. There are several rare species of organisms that require Kejimkujik your home. The Blanding turtle that is considered an endangered species in Nova Scotia is similar in size to the common one, however, the Blanding turtle is characterized by its yellow neck color. Measurement of minors between 5 and 12 cm in diameter in the shell, while adult females can measure between 25 and 35 cm. It is a very soft that frequently turtle nests on the beaches that are accessible by the public. For this reason it is important that visitors be careful not to disturb turtle nesting.
Point Pelee National Park
Punta Pelee National Park (Point Pelee National park) is a Canadian national park located in the southwest of the province of Ontario, on the coast of Essex County. It consists of a peninsula of land, mainly of forests and marshland habitats, which decreases to a strong point, as it extends into Lake Erie.
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve
The Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve (in French, Réserve de l'Archipel-de-Mingan National Park) is a Canadian national park located in the eastern part of Quebec, Canada. The nearest city is Sept-Îles, Quebec. It was founded in 1984 and has an area of 151 km². It has the Mingan archipelago, a chain of about forty islands.
Mount Revelstoke National Park
Mount Revelstoke National Park is a national park located next to the city of Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada. The park is relatively small to be a national park. It is located in the Selkirk mountains. The park is famous for its wild flowers in the summer, which every year abound at the top of the meadows. It was because of the beauty of the meadows so close to the city that in 1914 a group of Revelstoke citizens pressed for the creation of the national park. At the same time, skiing is a very popular activity. Nel Nelsen took the ski jump at Mount Revelsoke, was one of the first to do so, was recognized internationally as one of the best natural jumps in the world, several records have been set there.
National Marine Conservation Area of Lake Superior
Sirmilik National Park
Sirmilik National Park is a national park located in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It means "the place of glaciers" in the Inuktitut language. Sirmilik was created in 2001 and is located within the Arctic mountain range.
Forillon National Park
Forillon National Park is a national park of Canada that is located on the Gaspesia peninsula, in the province of Quebec. The park has forests, sea coast, salt marshes, sand dunes, cliffs and the northern tip of the Appalachians. Created in 1970, Forillon was the first Canadian national park located in Quebec. It has an area of 244 km². It is believed that the word forillon refers to an islet that used to be a milestone in the area but now would have collapsed in the sea. The park includes colonies of sea birds and whales, seals, black bears, caribou and other forest animals.
Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve
The Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve is a Canadian national park reserve located on the Labrador Peninsula, in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The park was created in 2005, becoming the first national park in Labrador.
Gulf Islands National Park Reserve
The Gulf Islands National Park Reserve (in English, Gulf Islands National Park Reserve) is the fortieth national park of Canada. It is located in British Columbia. It covers thirty-three square kilometers and has more than sixteen islands. It also includes numerous islets and reef areas.
Saguenay-Saint-Laurent National Marine Park
The Saguenay-Saint-Laurent Marine National Park is one of two marine national parks in the national park system of Canada, located where the Saguenay River fjord meets the San Lorenzo estuary. It is the first national park established in the province of Quebec whose purpose is to purely protect the marine environment.
St. Lawrence Islands National Park
The St. Lawrence Islands National Park or San Lorenzo Islands is a Canadian national park that is located in the Thousand Islands region of the San Lorenzo River. The islands are indeed the worn tops of the surface of the ancient mountains. This region, the Frontenac axis, the Canadian Shield connects to the Adirondack Mountains of New York. The park consists of twenty-one smaller islands and many islets and a visitor center in Mallorytown. It was created in 1904 and has a total area of 9 km². The nearest city is Brockville in Ontario. Much of the park is only accessible by boat. There are picnic facilities and there is a shortage of camping facilities on several islands.
Gwaii Haanas National Park and Haida heritage site
The Gwaii Haanas National Park and Haida Heritage Site is the combination of a National Reserve and a heritage site located in the province of British Columbia, Canada. The park was the result of an agreement of the Canadian government and the council of the Haida indigenous peoples, being administered by the two governments. It was established in 1993.
Grasslands national park
Grasslands National Park (in Spanish, prairie or grassland) is a Canadian national park located in southern Saskatchewan, near the border with Montana. The nearest city is Assiniboia. It was founded in 1981 and has an area of 907 km². The park is part of the national park system, whose objective is to protect representative areas of the country, the thirty-nine natural regions. Grasslands National Park represents the natural grassland prairie region, protecting one of the remaining areas of unaltered mixed grassland pastures. The unique landscape and the harsh climate provide niches specially adapted for various plants and animals. Some rare and endangered species that can be found in the park include the berrendo antelope, grouse, bark owl, golden eagle, rattlesnake and the horned (Phrynosoma douglassi). Currently, there are no camping facilities in the park, although camping is allowed in the open, and there is an interpretation center located in the nearby village of Val Marie. The park consists of two widely separated sections.
Nahanni National Park
Nahanni National Park, in the Northwest Territories of Canada, about 500 kilometers west of Yellowknife, protects a part of the natural region of the Mackenzie Mountains. It has an extension of 4766 km2, and was created in 1976. In 1978 it was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco. The park is crossed throughout its length by the South Nahanni River, which runs along four large canyons. In the central area of the park is the largest waterfall in North America, the Virginia Falls; On a 200-meter front, the river rushes from a height of 92 meters, double that of Niagara Falls. A cliff of glacial origin, called Mason's Rock in honor of Bill Mason, famous Canadian canoist, writer and filmmaker, appears in the center of the waterfall. There is a proposal to rename the falls under the name of Pierre Trudeau, former prime minister of Canada. The park's natural environment consists of fir and poplar forests, alpine tundra, mountain ranges, sulphurous hot springs and a system of karst caves, and houses numerous species of fish, birds and mammals.
Prince Albert National Park
Prince Albert National Park or Prince Albert is a Canadian national park located in the center of the province of Saskatchewan, covers 3874 km². Its closest city is Prince Albert. It was declared a national park on March 24, 1927, but its inauguration was on August 10, 1928, made by Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. The park is open all year, but it is most visited in the period from May to September. The park's main entrance is actually 80 kilometers north of Prince Albert, via Highway 2, which enters the park at its southeast corner. Prince Albert National Park represents the southern boreal forest region of Canada. These are wooded landscapes between the basins of the Saskatchewan River and the Churchill River. The southern part of the park itself is predominantly forested, with a forest of elderberries, honeysuckle, roses and other shrubs and openings and festoons of pasture meadows. The Alamo / Prado Forest of the mosaic in the southwest corner of the park is especially unique, as it maintains a growing herd of more than 400 bison from the plains.
Wapusk National Park
Wapusk National Park is a Canadian national park located in the province of Manitoba, Canada. The park is located in the Hudson Plains ecozone, 45 km south of Churchill in northeast Manitoba, on the shores of Hudson Bay. Access to the park is limited due to its remote location.
Gros Morne National Park
Gros Morne National Park is located on the west coast of Newfoundland Island, Newfoundland and Labrador Province, Canada. It was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. It is the largest national park in this part of the country and has an area of 1,805 km². Its name comes from the second highest mountain in Newfoundland, whose altitude is 800 meters.
Terra Nova National Park
Terra Nova National Park is a Canadian national park located on the northeast coast of Newfoundland Island, in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The park takes its name from the Latin name of Newfoundland. Terra Nova is the typical landscape of the northwest coast of Newfoundland, with remnants of the Appalachian mountains that contribute extensively to rugged and varied topography throughout the region. The rocky coast park consists of several "fingers" in Bonavista Bay along an area that extends from just north of Port Blandford to the immediate vicinity of Glovertown. The coast varies between cliffs and capes exposed to coves and protected coves, contributing to Newfoundland, the main recreational boating area.
Riding Mountain National Park
Riding Mountain National Park is a national park of Canada located in the southwest of the province of Manitoba. The park is home to wolves, elk, black bears, hundreds of bird species, countless insects and a captive herd of bison. It is easier to reach by road 10, which crosses the park. The southern entrance is in the town of Wasagaming.
Buffalo Forest National Park
The Buffalo Forest National Park is located in the north of the province of Alberta and in the south of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It was established in 1922 and has an area of 44,807 km², being the largest Canadian park. The park was created to protect the largest free herd of American bison (often mistakenly called "buffalo") in the world. It is estimated that more than 2000 bison live in it. Numerous other species of wild animals also live in the park, such as moose, black bears, wolves, beavers, lynxes among others. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983.
Glacier National Park
Glacier National Park is one of seven national parks in British Columbia, Canada. Protect a portion of the mountains of British Columbia. It also contains Rogers Pass, National Historic Center. It contains many glacial areas. The glaciers cover much of the difficult terrain of the park, which is dominated by ten peaks ranging from 2600 to 3390 meters high.
Auyuittuq National Park
Auyuittuq National Park is a national park located on Baffin Island, on the Cumberland Peninsula, in the Qikiqtaaluk region in Nunavut, Canada. It has many lands for the development of Arctic wildlife, such as fjords, glaciers and ice fields. Although Auyuittuq Park was established in 1976 as a national reserve park, it became a national park in 2000. Little vegetation can be found in Auyuittuq Park, although the plants found there range from flowers, such as the Avens Mountains , campion and papaver; to shrubs like the dwarf birch Saxifrage, the Arctic willow and the heather. Many of the plants in Auyuittuq Park grow in groups to create their own warm microclimates to survive the harsh Arctic conditions. Due to the exceptional vegetation, wildlife is very scarce. There are only twelve species of mammals that live in the Auyuittuq Park, such as lemmings, arctic hares, ermine, polar bears, arctic foxes and caribou. The closest villages are Qikiqtarjuaq and Pangnirtung. Visitors who wish to enter the park are required to register at the park office or at the towns of Pangnirtung or Qikiqtarjuaq and then attend an orientation session. The peaks of Mount Asgard with 800 meters of altitude at its top and Mount Thor with 1250 meters are well known.
Georgian Bay Islands National Park
The Georgian Bay Islands National Park is a national park of Canada that is comprised of fifty-nine small islands and parts of the islands of the Georgian Bay, near Port Severn, in the province of Ontario. The park was created in 1929. The total area of the park is 13 km². Its largest island is Beausoleil Island. The nearest city is Midland.
Ukkusiksalik National Park
Ukkusiksalik National Park is a national park in Nunavut, Canada. In addition to having a waterfall and 500 archaeological sites and a former trading post of the Hudson Bay Company (HBC), the region is home to species such as the polar bear, gray bear, arctic fox, caribou, hawk Pilgrim and various seal species. The park is now uninhabited but the Inuit lived there from 1000 to the 1960s. In the area, traces of fox and food traps have been discovered. The HBC had operated a commercial post in the area from 1925 to 1947. The park was created on August 23, 2003, becoming the 41st national park in Canada and the fourth in the Nunavut territory. It can be reached by taking flights in Winnipeg, Manitoba, and Yellowknife (Northwest Territories).
Fathom Five National Marine Park
The Fathom Five or Five Fathom National Marine Park is a large underwater national park in the bay of Georgia, Ontario, Canada, which aims to protect and display lighthouses and shipwrecks. The numerous shipwrecks make the park a popular diving destination, and glass-bottomed boat trips depart from Tobermory, Ontario, regularly, allowing tourists to see the wrecks without getting wet. Many visitors live in camp near Bruce Peninsula National Park and use the park as a base to explore Fathom Five and its surroundings during the day.
Kluane National Park
Kluane National Park is a Canadian national park located at the southwest end of the Yukon Territory. The nearest city is Haines Junction. It was created in 1972 and covers 22,013 km². The park includes the highest mountain in Canada, Mount Logan, 5959 m. In fact, glaciers and mountains dominate the park's landscape, covering 82% of the park's area. It contains about one hundred and five species of birds.
Fundy National Park
Fundy National Park is a national park located in the Bay of Fundy, near the town of Alma, New Brunswick, Canada. It includes a zone and a coastal Acadian forest. The park covers an area of 207 km². At low tide, visitors can explore the ocean floor that is nine meters deep at high tide. The Caribou plains and the edge roads give access to highland forests and wet habitats. The park also includes about 20 waterfalls. Sawmills were established in Point Wolfe during the 19th century that produced firewood for the nearby city of Saint John and for export. When the forests were exhausted, the area was uninhabited. The park was established in 1948 and was the first national park in New Brunswick.
Bruce Peninsula National Park
The Bruce Peninsula National Park or Bruce Peninsula is a national park located on the Bruce Peninsula in Ontario, Canada, in the Niagara escarpment. The park comprises 154 km² and was created in 1987. The nearest city is Tobermory, Ontario. It is one of the largest protected areas in southern Ontario, and forms the core of the UNESCO Niagara Escarpment Biosphere World Reserve. The park offers opportunities for hiking, camping, bird watching and many other outdoor activities. The park has many trails that vary in difficulty from easy to expert, and connects to the Bruce Trail or Bruce Trail. The Bruce Peninsula National Park also offers visitors views of sunrise and sunset, Niagara escarpment rocks and wildlife, which includes black bears, many bird species, wild orchids, rattlesnake Massassauga, and much more.
La Mauricie National Park
La Mauricie National Park (in French, Parc National de la Mauricie) is a national park of Canada located in the Laurentides Mauricie Mountains in the province of Québec. The park contains 150 lakes and numerous ponds. Forests in this region have been recorded since the middle of the 19th century at the beginning of the 20th century. The wildlife in the park includes elk, black bears, beavers and otters and also a small number of wooden turtles, rare in Canada. The park is a popular place for camping, boating and kayaking.
Kootenay National Park
Kootenay National Park is located in southeastern British Columbia, Canada. It is part of the World Heritage Site. Kootenay constitutes one of the four contiguous mountain parks in the Rocky Mountains of Canada, the other three being Banff National Park, directly to the east, Yoho National Park, directly to the north, and Jasper National Park, which does not share border with the Kootenay National Park. Initially called "Kootenay Domain Park," the park was created in 1920 as part of an agreement between the province of British Columbia and the Canadian federal government. It is part of the natural complex called the Canadian Rocky Mountain Park that was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. The park takes its name from the Kootenay River, one of the two large rivers that flow through the park, the other is The Vermillion River. While the Vemillion River is completely within the park, the Kootenay River has its head just outside the park's boundaries.
Waterton Lakes National Park
Waterton Lakes National Park or Waterton Lakes is a Canadian national park located in Alberta, near the border with Montana, United States. Waterton was the fourth national park in Canada, created in 1895 and named in that way by Lake Waterton. It is managed by Parks of Canada, Waterton is open all year, but the main tourist season is during the months of July and August. The only commercial facilities available in the park are located in the town of Waterton Park. The park ranges from an elevation of 1,290 m, in the village, to 2,910 m on Mount Blakiston. It offers many picturesque trails, including the Crypt Lake. In 1979 it was named a Biosphere Reserve and in 1995 a World Heritage Site as part of the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park.
Yoho National Park
Yoho National Park is one of the national parks of Canada. Founded in 1885, this park is located on the western slopes of the Rocky Mountains, in the province of British Columbia. It is part of the natural complex called the Canadian Rocky Mountain Park that was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984. The name Yoho is an expression in Chippewa-believed language that expresses amazement or wonder, and which was presumably chosen due to the Remarkable natural scenarios in this mountainous park.
Jasper National Park
Jasper National Park is located in the state of Alberta, Canada. It is the northernmost park in the Rocky Mountains. The park is made up of glaciers, lakes, waterfalls and mountains. The wildlife that can be found in the place includes elk, reindeer, bears and caribou. It is part of the natural complex called the Canadian Rocky Mountain Park that was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984. The park itself is the least visited by tourists, but organized excursions can be made from the town of Jasper to see Lake Beauvert, Mount Robson - the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains, 3,954 m altitude -, Mount Edith Cavell, the cable car of Whistler Mountain, Pyramid Lake, and the Malign Valley, with exceptional sunset views . In this park is the Athabasca glacier, very visited and very close to Banff National Park.
Banff National Park
Banff National Park is the oldest national park in Canada, established in the Rocky Mountains in 1885. Located 180 km (80 miles) west of Calgary, in the province of Alberta, it covers 6,641 square kilometers (2,564 square miles) of mountainous terrain, with numerous glaciers and ice fields, dense coniferous forests and alpine landscapes. The Icefields Parkway (the "road of the ice fields") extends from Lake Louise, connecting with Jasper National Park in the north. Provincial forests and Yoho National Park are neighbors to the west, while Kootenay National Park is located to the south and the Kananaskis field to the southeast. The main shopping center of the park is the city of Banff, in the valley of the Bow River. It is part of the natural complex called the Canadian Rocky Mountain Park that was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984.