Cultural contributions of ancient civilizations

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Cultural contributions of ancient civilizations
Source:listas.20minutos.es
The contributions made by the ancient civilizations are many, which make today a fully developed civilization, choose the civilization that has made the greatest cultural contribution to our current society ... thanks.

TOP 11:

Phoenicians

Phoenicians
They created an alphabet composed of 22 consonants that represent the simplest sounds.

TOP 10:

Hebrews

Hebrews
In the religious aspect, the most prominent is the implantation of monotheism through the Jewish religion.


TOP 9:

Aztecs

Aztecs
The Aztecs stood out in the construction of cities, science and the varied expressions of art. - They had their own hieroglyphic writing, a numbering system and a calendar consisting of 18 months, 20 days each and an additional 5, but it was lower than that of the Maya. - They developed metallurgy working especially gold and copper. - They made cotton dresses. - Its ceramics were characterized by their polychrome vessels with figures.

TOP 8:

Romans

Romans
Rome extended its military dominance throughout the Mediterranean Sea basin, thereby expanding its customs, beliefs and language, Latin. Its tongue spread throughout the Mediterranean basin through soldiers, merchants, officials and slaves who traveled the Roman domains. In these regions, Latin was enriched and transformed by contact with the native languages, which allowed the emergence of other important languages: French, Italian, Dalmatian, etc. All come from the same Roman root, so they are called Romance languages. -The Roman society also inherited the idea that all members of a community have certain rights. These rights are expressed through laws - they left scientific knowledge such as medicine. The doctor of Greek origin, but who lived among the Romans around the second century, Galen, wrote several medical treatises and laid the foundations of medical knowledge in the face of diseases - the study of physics, applied to engineering, allowed them to build large water pipes through valleys and mountains: aqueducts. -they built hot water baths in their cities, where they had fountains and roads that connected them with almost all the territory they dominated. They applied physical principles, both for hydraulics and for urban architecture - it was those who invented the cement. The use of cement allowed them to build very large buildings, construction that only the Egyptians had been able to do

TOP 7:

Maya

Maya
In Astronomy they invented the solar calendar that governed agricultural activity. They were guided by the phases of the Moon and the movement of the pleyades. The most accurate until the fifteenth century, and also had another calendar for religious holidays. - In Mathematics they developed a numerical vigesimal system that reached the number 19 and a sign equivalent to the number zero. In Architecture they built large monuments that are in ruins They created the cenotes (wells), they also prepared the cultivable fields (milpas), and created the slash system. Great architectural development: pyramids, temples, columns and vaults


TOP 6:

Incas

Incas
In Architecture: They had great architectural development. They expanded and perfected the roads, widened and opened roads that communicated to Cuzco, its capital. - In Agriculture: They created a very advanced irrigation system. - As they did not develop writing or numbering system they used the quipu, which was an accounting system. - In art: They stood out for their simplicity and the austerity of their constructions, which were very solid and very functional. Its ceramics, fabrics and metal works were very precious.

TOP 5:

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia
They created the writing, which is considered the highest intellectual achievement of the time, this writing arises in Sumer and was done at that time on a soft clay table, in which these “wedges” were printed, the process evolved gradually towards another more evolved They were the first in history to write codes of written laws, the Hammurabi code, which included the renowned formula, "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." We were also bequeathed, multiplication, division and the sexagesimal system. They prepared the first commercial contracts, were precursors of the check, the bill of exchange and the promissory note. They created the horoscope and discovered the signs of the zodiac. In architecture they created the ziggurats that served as an observatory, in this area they are also credited with the invention of the vault, the arch and the ramps. They also invented the wheel and used it in the construction of cars.

TOP 4:

Greek

Greek
Mathematics: The Pythagorean Theorem Geometry The Archimedean Principle Astronomy: The Greeks were among the first civilizations to study the stars and name constellations. Also the contributions of many Greeks to the Solar System concept. Geography: The calculation of the circumference of the earth is perhaps one of the most important. Philosophy: The first philosophers were Greek and Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers of the ancient world besides, Plato, Socrates and Anaximenes.


TOP 3:

Egypt

Egypt
They developed two types of writing, the hieroglyphic and the demotic. They created numbering forms and formulas to measure the earth. They built large reservoirs and canals. They created a 365 day calendar. In architecture they provided interior lighting, without windows and columns, their large pyramids and sculptures are still standing. They created embalming techniques, according to social class.

TOP 2:

India

India
They had a monumental architecture, created pyramidal and staggered temples. They created the language called Sanskrit. They created the numbers that we currently use, and that we incorrectly call Arabic. They invented chess. We also owe them the fundamentals of algebra and trigonometry.

TOP 1:

China

China
The Chinese created cotton textiles, natural silk, paper, ink, and porcelain very early. They invented gunpowder. Its main artistic creations include the pagoda (polygonal tower of eaves concave), landscape painting and the ancient acupuncture. They are also credited with the invention of the compass, the compass and the seismograph. And finally they built the ancient Chinese wall.